Abdul Majid (physicist)

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Abdul Majid
Born Karachi, Sindh, British Indian Empire
Residence Islamabad, Islamabad Capital Territory
Citizenship Pakistan
Nationality Pakistani
Fields Astrophysics and Space physics
Institutions Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO)
Alma mater University of Wales, United Kingdom
Doctoral advisor Dr. George Efstathiou
Known for Satellite Technology and Rocket science
Influenced Wladysław Józef Marian Turowicz
Notable awards Sitara-i-Imtiaz (1999)

Dr. Abdul Majid (Urdu):(عبد لماجد) is a Pakistani astrophysicist and scientist in the field of space technology. He is a former chairman of Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission from 1997 to 1999.[1] He had made significant contributions to Pakistan's space program. During his tenure as SUPARCO Administrator, Pakistan launched its two Low Earth orbit (LEO) satellites, which were masterminded and developed by him. He also initiated a Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV) project at SUPARCO. He retired from SUPARCO in 2001 as a chief scientist. Since his retirement, he has been inactive from Pakistan's space program and currently resides in Karachi where he lives a very quiet life there.


Abdul Majid was Born in Karachi, Pakistan from where he received his elementary and Intermediate education. He received B.Sc. and M.Sc. in Physics from University of Wales and Ph.D in Astrophysics also from University of Wales.[2]

SUPARCO career[edit]

After his Ph.D, he came back to Pakistan and joined Pakistan's Space Program as a researcher in astrophysics and aeronautical labs. Majid worked under the supervision of noted Pakistani-Polish military scientist and aeronautical engineer, Air Commodore W. J. M. Turowicz, in the field of Rocket Technology and published numerous research papers. He is credited for the design and developed the Hypersonic Rocket Launch Vehicle or Hatf Missiles Series during his stay at SUPARCO.

In 1994, Majid was put in-charge of Satellite Development Program of Pakistan. He is widely credited for the development of Badr-B Earth Observatory Satellite. He was keen to develop Pakistan's Space Launch capabilities and met with both former Prime Minister of Pakistan, Nawaz Sharif and Benazir Bhutto to gain their approval for the project. The project however was not sanctioned due toeconomic constrains.[3]

During his tenure as Chairman of Suparco, his organization saw a major budget cut in Pakitani Space Program. In 1998, Abdul Majid traveled to Russia, where he was able to sign a deal with Russian Federal Space Agency to launch the Pakistani Satellite with a given deadline. According to him, Russians agreed to launch Pakistan's domestically build satellite from their soil. He retired from SUPARCO in 2001.

After an initial success in satellites development, Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan met with Dr. Abdul Majid where they discussed Dr. Khan's indegeniously designed Low Earth orbit satellite project. In 1999, Dr. Abdul Majid, as then-Chairman of Pakistan's Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO) announced that Pakistan would develop its own satellite launching vehicle within a period of about three years, although no details of this previously undisclosed program were revealed.[4] He also met then-Chief executive of Pakistan, Gen. (r). Pervez Musharaf in the army house. He, along with Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan, briefed General Musharaf about the project where Dr. Majid received his green signal. However, the SLV Project's status remains unclear.

References and Links[edit]


  1. ^ (SUPARCO), Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (2000). "History". SUPARCO. Archived from the original on 17 April 2008. Retrieved 2008. 
  2. ^ Reporter (26 June 1999), "Pakistan's second satellite ready for launch", Dawn (newspaper), retrieved 2008 
  3. ^ Secure World Foundation (2009). "Pakistani Launch Capabilities". Retrieved 2010. 
  4. ^ Federation of American Scientists (November 28, 1999). "Badr-B". Archived from the original on 20 March 2008. Retrieved 2008.