Abdul Qadir (cricketer)

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Not to be confused with Abdul Kadir (cricketer). ‹See Tfd›
Abdul Qadir
Personal information
Full name Abdul Qadir Khan
Born (1955-09-15) 15 September 1955 (age 58)
Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
Batting style Right-handed batsman (RHB)
Bowling style Right-arm Leg spin (RLS)
Role Bowler
International information
National side
Test debut (cap 78) December 1977 v England
Last Test December 1990 v West Indies
ODI debut (cap 43) 11 June 1983 v West Indies
Last ODI 2 November 1993 v Sri Lanka
Career statistics
Competition Test ODI
Matches 67 104
Runs scored 1029 641
Batting average 15.59 15.26
100s/50s 0/3 0/0
Top score 61 41*
Balls bowled 2654 850
Wickets 236 132
Bowling average 32.80 26.16
5 wickets in innings 15 2
10 wickets in match 5 n/a
Best bowling 9/56 5/44
Catches/stumpings 15c 21c
Source: ESPNcricinfo, 2 November 1993

Abdul Qadir Khan (Urdu: عبد القادر خان‎, born 15 September 1955 in Lahore) is a former Pakistani international cricketer whose main role was as a leg spin bowler.[1] Later he was a commentator and Chief Selector of the Pakistan Cricket Board, from which post he resigned because of differences with the top brass of Pakistan cricket. Qadir appeared in 67 Test and 104 One Day International (ODI) matches between 1977 and 1993, and captained the Pakistan cricket team in five ODIs. In Test cricket, his best performance for series was 30 wickets for 437 runs, against England in 1987. His best bowling figures for an innings were nine wickets for 56 against the same team at the Gaddafi Stadium. In ODIs, his best bowling figures were five wickets for 44 runs against Sri Lanka during the 1983 Cricket World Cup. He was a member of Pakistani team in 1983 and 1987 Cricket World Cups. Yahoo! Cricket described Qadir as "a master of the leg-spin" who "mastered the googlies, the flippers, the leg-breaks and the topspins."[2] He is widely regarded as a top spin bowler of his generation and was included in Richie Benaud's Greatest XI shortlist of imaginary cricket team from the best players available from all countries and eras. Former English captain Graham Gooch said that "Qadir was even finer than Shane Warne".[1]

First class career[edit]

Qadir played first-class cricket for Lahore, Punjab and Habib Bank Limited cricket teams during 1975–95. During his first-class career, he achieved five or more wickets in an innings on seventy-five occasions, and ten or more wickets in a match twenty-one times. He also scored two centuries and eight half centuries in first-class cricket.[1]

Qadir made his debut for Habib Bank against United Bank Limited at the National Stadium during the 1975–76 season. He took seven wickets in the match conceding 93 runs, including six wickets for 67 runs in the first innings.[3] Playing for Lahore C, he took six for 17 against Bahawalpur, his best bowling figures of the season.[4][5]

Qadir played 209 first class matches and took 960 wickets with an average of 23.24. His best bowling figures for an innings were nine wickets for 56 runs, whereas his best performance for a match was 13 wickets for 101 runs. As a batsman, he scored 3,740 runs averaged 18.33 from 247 innings. He also scored two centuries and eight fifties. Qadir's highest score in the format was 112 runs. In November 1989, in a warm up match played before the first Test at the National Stadium, 16 years old Indian batsman Sachin Tendulkar hit four consecutive sixes over Qadir. Later on the same day, Qadir predicted that Tendulkar would become one of the greatest batsmen.[6] Qadir played his last first class in 1994.[1]

International career[edit]

Test career[edit]

A panoramic view of a cricket ground
Qadir made his international debut at the Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore, in 1977, and took nine wickets for 56 runs against England there in 1987.

Natural talent combined with aggression and passion made Qadir one of the most successful spinners of his era. He had a distinct run-up, bounding in to the crease, and a great variety of deliveries: there was the orthodox leg-break, the topspinner, two googlies and the flipper. He was unique for bowling leg spin at a time when it was not only rare but considered obsolete, and he kept the torch alight for a generation of leg spinners. His fervent appeals made him a great favourite with the spectators but sometimes got him into trouble with umpires.[7] Qadir played 67 Test matches during 1977–90 and took 236 wickets, with an average of 32.80, including 15 five-wicket hauls. His best bowlig performance was against England at the Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore in 1987. He also scored 1,029 runs including three fifties.[1]

Qadir made his Test debut at his home ground, Gaddafi Stadium, against England in December 1977; he took one wicket in the solitary innings and made 11 runs in the only innings he played.[8] In the second innins of the second Test played at the Niaz Stadium, Hyderabad, he took his first five-wicket haul—six wickets for 44 runs in 24 overs.[note 1] Qadir remained highest wicket taker of the series, taking 12 wickets in three matches conceding 305 runs.[10] Qadir's second Test series, in England in 1978, was an injury-plagued let-down, but he was a strong and established force by his return in 1982, when his six wickets in the Lord's Test played a major role in a historic Pakistani victory.[11] He took ten wickets in the series with an average of 40.60.[12]

Qadir's first significant performance came in the 1982–83 series against Australia, taking seven wickets for 156 runs and 11 wickets for 218 runs in the first two Test maches—man of the match in both the matches.[13][14] He accumulated 22 wickets—Pakistani record against Australia—conceding 562 runs and with the average of 25.54 in the three-Test series.[15][16] Due to his performance with the ball, he won the man of the series award for first time in his Test career.[17] Pakistan cleen-sweeped the series, winnig the first and the third Test by nine wickets each, and the second Test by an innings and three runs.[18] Qadir took 19 wickets for 451 runs with the help of three five-wicket hauls in following home series against England.[19] Pakistan recorded their first series win against England.[20] In 1985–86 home series against Sri Lanka, he took six wickets in the third match at Karachi.[21]

At the Kennington Oval in 1987, Qadir's ten-wicket haul ensured another series win, this time in England.[22] Three months later, Qadir brought his art to an all new level – in the next home series against the same team – taking 30 wickets for 437 runs in three Tests including the best bowling figures in an innings by a Pakistani, nine wickets for 56 runs at the Gaddafi Stadium.[1][23] This is also the seventh best performance for an innings in Test cricket, and the best by any bowler against England.[24][25] He achieved his career best performance in an innings, 61 runs, at the National Stadium, Karachi.[26] Qadir's tremendous performance earned him another man of the series award, and Pakistan won another series against England.[17][25] During this crusade, he moved past the 200-wicket mark, becoming the first man from his country ever to do so. Qadir was ineffective against India in the 1989–90 home series, taking only six wickets from four Tests with an average above 57.[27] He played his last Test against the West Indies in December 1990 at the Gaddafi Stadium.[28]

One Day International career[edit]

Qadir made his ODI debut against New Zealand at Edgbaston during 1983 Cricket World Cup; he took four wickets for 21 runs in 12 overs, earning him the man of the match award.[29] He took 12 wickets for 264 runs in the tournament with an average of 22.00,[30] including a five-wicket haul against Sri Lanka at the Headingley Stadium, Leeds.[31] In the 1983–84 World Series Cup, Qadir played eight matches and took 15 wickets at the average of 18.13,[32] including five wickets for 53 against Australia at the Melbourne Cricket Ground, a match Pakistan lost by 43 runs.[33] In the 1985–86 home season, he took six wickets against Sri Lanka,[34] and five wickets against the West Indies including four wickets for 17 runs at the Gaddafi Stadium.[35][36] Qadir's eight wickets in six matches were the second highest figures against India in 1986–87.[37]

Qadir captained the Pakistan cricket team during England's tour to Pakistan, losing all the three matches; he topped the list of highest wicket takers during the 1987–88 series between the teeams, with eight wickets at the average of 13.17.[38] He took six wickets during the 1988–89 Wills Asia Cup at the average of 17.00,[39] including three wickets for 27 runs, against India in the fifth match at the Bangabandhu National Stadium, Dhaka.[40] During the Nehru Cup in 1989–90, he was second in the list of leading wicket takers, with 12 wicket from seven matches at the average of 21.75.[41] His best figure in a match during the tournament were three wickets for 27 runs, against Australia at the Brabourne Stadium, Bombay.[42] Qadir played his last ODI against Sri Lanka at the Sharjah Cricket Association Stadium in 1993.[43] In total, Qadir played 104 ODIs during 1977–93, taking 132 wickets and averaged 26.16. He also took two five-wicket hauls, including his best ODI performance of five wickets for 44 runs against Sri Lanka during the 1983 World Cup.[1][31] He scored 641 runs in ODIs, and his highest score in this format of the game was 41 not out.[1]

Captaincy[edit]

Qadir was not successful as a captain. He captained the Pakistan cricket team in five Test matches during 1987–88 and 1988–89, losing four of them.[44] He captained Pakistan for the first time against England, in absence of regular captain, Javed Miandad.[45] The three matches he captained in, against the same team, were lost by Pakistan.[46] In ODI matches, Qadir captained Pakistan against Bangladesh and India in the fourth and fifth match of the 1988 Asia Cup respectively; Pakistan defeated Bangladesh by 173 runs, and lost to India by four wickets.[47][48]

As chief selector[edit]

Abdul Qadir replaced Saleem Jaffar, former Pakistan fast bowler, as chief selector in November 2008 for the series against India.[49] A series of three Tests, five ODIs and three T20Is was scheduled to be hosted by Pakistan; the series could not take place due to the deterioration of both countries' diplomatic relationship after the 2008 Mumbai attacks.[50] His next assignment was team selection for the home series against Sri Lanka; the tour was arranged as a replacement for the scheduled tour of India which was cancelled by BCCI.[51][52] The series was abandoned following an attack on the Sri Lankan team in Lahore during the second Test between the teams.[53] Qadir resigned from the post in June 2009 without explaining any concern.[54]

Controversy[edit]

Talking with Hasan Jalil at Pakistan Television (PTV) show in 2004, Qadir said: "We all know the ball has always been made up [tampered with] by Pakistani fast bowlers, but with so much scrutiny on this series, this has not been possible."[55] PTV cancelled his contract stating that "We are a national network and we have certain codes of conduct on what can and cannot be said on air. By talking about ball-tampering and claiming that every successful Pakistani bowler had 'made' the ball, he was damaging national pride, and that is against our policy. So we dropped him."[56]

Personal life[edit]

Qadir was born on 15 September 1955 in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.[1] His brother, Ali Bahadur, was also a leg-spinner who appeared in 10 first class matches during 1986–87.[57] Qadir's three sons—Rehman Qadir, Imran Qadir and Sulaman Qadir—also represented different Pakistani teams in the first class competition,[58][59][60] while his younger son, Usman Qadir, has played in 12 List A matches.[61]

Awards[edit]

Player of the series awards[17]
No Series (Opponents) Season Series performance BBI 5wl
1  Australia in  Pakistan (Test Series) 1982/83 30 Runs and 22 wickets 7/142 2
2  England in  Pakistan (Test Series) 1982/83 137 Runs and 30 wickets 9/56 3
Player of the match awards[62]
No Date Opposition Venue Match performance Result
1 22 September 1982  Australia National Stadium, Karachi 29 runs and 7/156 Won[63]
2 30 September 1982  Australia Iqbal Stadium, Faisalabad 11/218 Won[64]
3 4 March 1984  England National Stadium, Karachi 47 runs and 8/133 Won[65]
4 25 November 1987  England Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore 38 runs and 13/101 Won[66]
5 16 December 1987  England National Stadium, Karachi 61 runs and 10/186 Won[67]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Eight-ball overs were bowled in this match.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Player profile: Abdul Qadir". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  2. ^ "Profile of Abdul Qadir". Yahoo! Cricket. Retrieved 9 December 2012. 
  3. ^ "Habib Bank Limited v United Bank Limited / Sikandar Ali Bhutto Cup 1975/76". CricketArchive. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  4. ^ "First-class Bowling in Each Season by Abdul Qadir". CricketArchive. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  5. ^ "Bahawalpur v Lahore C / Punjab Tournament 1975/76". CricketArchive. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  6. ^ "Phenomenal Tendulkar becomes king of runs". BBC. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  7. ^ G.A.W. "Wisden: Second Cornhill Test – England vs Pakistan 1982". Wisden. ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  8. ^ "England tour of Pakistan, 1977/78: Test series – 1st Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  9. ^ "England tour of Pakistan, 1977/78: Test series – 2nd Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  10. ^ "Records / England in Pakistan Test Series, 1977/78 / Most wickets". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  11. ^ "Pakistan tour of England, 1982: Test series – 2nd Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  12. ^ "Records / Pakistan in England Test Series, 1982 / Most wickets". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  13. ^ "Australia tour of Pakistan, 1982/83: Test series – 1st Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  14. ^ "Australia tour of Pakistan, 1982/83: Test series – 2nd Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  15. ^ "Pakistan vs Australia 1982/83". Wisden. ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  16. ^ "Records / Australia in Pakistan Test Series, 1982/83 / Most wickets". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  17. ^ a b c "Statistics / Statsguru / Abdul Qadir / Test matches / series awards". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  18. ^ Williamson, Martin (4 October 2008). "1982: Australians get stoned". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  19. ^ "Records / England in Pakistan Test Series, 1983/84 / Most wickets". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  20. ^ "England in Fiji, New Zealand and Pakistan, 1983-84". ESPNcricinfo. 4 October 2008. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  21. ^ "Sri Lanka tour of Pakistan, 1985/86: Test series – 3rd Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  22. ^ "Pakistan tour of England, 1987: Test series – 5th Test". ESPNcricinfo. 4 October 2008. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  23. ^ "Records / England in Pakistan Test Series, 1987/88 / Most wickets". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  24. ^ "Records / Test matches / Bowling records / Best figures in an innings". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  25. ^ a b "Pakistan vs England 1987–88". Wisden. ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  26. ^ "England tour of Pakistan, 1987/88: Test series – 3rd Test". ESPNcricinfo. 4 October 2008. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  27. ^ "Records / India in Pakistan Test Series, 1989/90 / Most wickets". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  28. ^ "West Indies tour of Pakistan, 1990/91: Test series – 3rd Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  29. ^ "Prudential World Cup, 1983 – 6th match, Group A". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  30. ^ "Records / Prudential World Cup, 1983 / Most wickets". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  31. ^ a b "Prudential World Cup, 1983 – 15th match, Group A". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  32. ^ "Records / Benson & Hedges World Series Cup, 1983/84 / Most wickets". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  33. ^ "Benson & Hedges World Series Cup, 1983/84 – 8th match". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  34. ^ "Records / Sri Lanka in Pakistan ODI Series, 1985/86 / Most wickets". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  35. ^ "Records/West Indies in Pakistan ODI Series, 1985/86/Most wickets". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  36. ^ "West Indies tour of Pakistan, 1985/86 – 2nd ODI". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  37. ^ "Records / Pakistan in India ODI Series, 1986/87 / Most wickets". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  38. ^ "Records / England in Pakistan ODI Series, 1987/88 / Most wickets". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  39. ^ "Records / Wills Asia Cup, 1988/89 / Most wickets". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  40. ^ "Wills Asia Cup, 1988/89 – 5th match". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  41. ^ "Records / MRF World Series (Nehru Cup), 1989/90 / Most wickets". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  42. ^ "MRF World Series (Nehru Cup), 1989/90 – 5th match". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  43. ^ "Pepsi Champions Trophy, 1993/94 – 5th match". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  44. ^ "Pakistan / Records / One-Day Internationals / List of captains". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  45. ^ "Pakistan vs England in 1987–88". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  46. ^ "England tour of Pakistan, 1987/88 – 3rd ODI". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  47. ^ "Wills Asia Cup, 1988/89 – 4th ODI". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  48. ^ "Wills Asia Cup, 1988/89 – 5th ODI". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  49. ^ Staff, Cricinfo (20 November 2008). "Qadir appointed Pakistan's chief selector". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  50. ^ Staff, Cricinfo (18 December 2008). "India call off Pakistan tour on government advice". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  51. ^ Staff, Cricinfo (20 December 2008). "Qadir confident of strong show against Sri Lanka". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  52. ^ "Sri Lanka have confirmed tour – Pakistan board". ESPNcricinfo. 10 December 2008. Retrieved 3 March 2009. 
  53. ^ "Gunmen shoot Sri Lanka cricketers". BBC News. 3 March 2009. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  54. ^ "Abdul Qadir resigns as Pakistan's chief selector". The Guardian. 8 June 2009. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  55. ^ Cricinfo staff, Wisden (8 April 2004). "'Pakistan bowlers have always tampered with the ball'". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 3 March 2009. 
  56. ^ Samiuddin, Osman (12 April 2004). "Ball tampering controversy – PTV stand by their decision to dismiss Qadir". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 3 March 2009. 
  57. ^ "Player profile: Ali Bahadur". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 3 March 2009. 
  58. ^ "Player profile: Rehman Qadir". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 3 March 2009. 
  59. ^ "Player profile: Imran Qadir". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 3 March 2009. 
  60. ^ "Player profile: Sulaman Qadir". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 3 March 2009. 
  61. ^ "Player profile: Usman Qadir". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 3 March 2009. 
  62. ^ "Player of the match awards by Abdul Qadir". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  63. ^ "Australia tour of Pakistan, 1982/83: Test Series – 1st Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 27 July 2012. 
  64. ^ "Australia tour of Pakistan, 1982/83: Test Series – 2nd Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 27 July 2012. 
  65. ^ "England tour of Pakistan, 1983/84: Test Series – 1st Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 27 July 2012. 
  66. ^ "England tour of Pakistan, 1987/88/: Test Series – 1st Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 27 July 2012. 
  67. ^ "England tour of Pakistan, 1987/88: Test Series – 3rd Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 27 July 2012. 

External links[edit]