A commemorative Uzbek stamp made in honor of Abdulla Qahhor's 100th birthday
September 17, 1907|
|Died||May 25, 1968
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic
|Occupation||Novelist, short story writer, playwright, and literary translator|
Abdulla Qahhor (sometimes spelled Abdulla Kahhar) (Uzbek: Abdulla Qahhor, Абдулла Қаҳҳор) (September 17, 1907 - May 25, 1968) was an Uzbek novelist, short story writer, and translator. Qahhor received a National Writer of the Uzbek SSR award in 1967 and was given the prestigious State Stalin Prize in 1952. Qahhor is considered to be one of the best Uzbek writers of the 20th century and has been called the "Chekhov" of Uzbeks.
Qahhor is best remembered as the author of the 1951 novel Qoʻshchinor (Chiroqlari) and 1958 story Sinchalak. In addition to writing numerous short stories and novels, Qahhor translated the works of many famous Russian writers, such as Alexander Pushkin, Anton Chekhov, and Nikolai Gogol into the Uzbek language. He translated into Uzbek The Captain's Daughter of Pushkin, Marriage and The Government Inspector of Gogol, and, together with his wife Kibriyo Qahhorova, War and Peace of Leo Tolstoy.
Abdulla Qahhor was born on September 17, 1907, in Kokand. His father was a blacksmith and moved from place to place for work. Qahhor attended several schools in Kokand and other nearby villages. From 1922 to 1924, he attended a vocational school in Kokand preparing students to be school teachers. In 1926, Qahhor completed a university preparatory program at Samarkand State University. In 1930, he enrolled in Central Asian State University and graduated with a degree in pedagogy in 1933. From 1933 to 1935, Qahhor was a graduate student at the Insiture of Language and Literature in Tashkent. He died in Moscow on May 25, 1968, at the age of 60.
Abdulla Qahhor started his writing career in 1924 by writing short stories for different periodicals, such as Qizil Oʻzbekiston, (Red Uzbekistan) Mushtum (Fist), Yangi yoʻl (New Road) under the pen names Nish, Norin Shilpiq, Mavlono Kufur, Guluyor, Erkaboy and E-boy. His first story Oy Kuyganda (When the Moon Burned) was published in Mushtum in 1924. Qahhor's first book Qishloq hukmi ostida (Under the Rule of the Village) was published in 1932. His first collection of stories, Olam yasharadi (The World Becomes Young), was published in 1938.
Qahhor's stories Asror bobo (Grandpa Asror), Dardaqdan chiqqan qahramon (A Hero from Dardaq), Kampirlar sim qoqdi (Old Women Rang), Xotinlar (Women), and Oltin yulduz (A Golden Star) depict the courage of Uzbek soldiers and the hard work of Uzbek workers during the Soviet-German war against Nazi Germany and its allies.
Abdulla Qahhor's other famous novels and stories include Sarob (Mirage), Oʻgʻri (The Thief), Bemor (The Patient), Qoʻshchinor (chiroqlari) ((The Lights of) Qoʻshchinor), Shohi Soʻzana (Silk Suzani) (1950), Ogʻriq tishlar (Hurting Teeth) (1950), Tobutdan tovush (A Sound from the Coffin) (1962), Oʻtmishdan ertaklar (Stories from the Past) (1965), Muhabbat (Love) (1968), Mahalla, Millatchilar (Nationalists) and others.
Qahhor was influenced by the Russian short story writer Anton Chekhov and considered Chekhov to be his teacher.
Abdulla Qahhor influenced many Uzbek writers, including Said Ahmad, Oʻtkir Hoshimov, and Erkin Vohidov. His outstanding translations of the works of many great Russian and foreign writers into the Uzbek language enabled Uzbek readers to enjoy the masterpieces of world literature in their own language. Many Uzbek translators of literary works have used Abdulla Qahhor's work as a benchmark.