Abdulla Yameen

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Abdulla Yameen
6th President of the Maldives
Incumbent
Assumed office
17 November 2013
Vice President Mohamed Jameel Ahmed
Preceded by Mohammed Waheed Hassan
Personal details
Born Abdulla Yameen Abdul Gayoom
(1959-05-21) 21 May 1959 (age 54)
Malé, Maldives
Political party Progressive Party of Maldives
Spouse(s) Fathimath Ibrahim
Residence Muliaage (Official)
Alma mater American University of Beirut
Claremont Graduate University
Religion Islam

Abdulla Yameen Abdul Gayoom (Dhivehi: އަބްދުﷲ ޔާމީން އަބްދުލް ގައްޔޫމް) is the 6th and current President of the Republic of Maldives.[1][2] He had been the Minority Leader of the People's Majlis, the legislature of the Maldives[3] as an elected Member of Parliament for four successive terms from 1993 onwards. He has represented constituencies in Meemu and Noonu atolls.

Yameen is the younger brother of "'Maumoon Abdul Gayoom"' who ruled Maldives with and iron-fist from 1978-2008. In 1993, Yameen was appointed as Minister of Trade and Industries and Chairman of State Trading Corporation, positions which he held until the summer of 2005, when in a major Cabinet shuffle, Yameen was appointed as Minister of Higher Education and Social Security. In April 2007, Yameen was sacked from the Cabinet amidst growing in-fighting within the Cabinet.

Yameen was returned to the Cabinet in August 2008, as Minister for Tourism and Civil Aviation, [4] a month ahead of the Maldives first ever democratic election, in which his brother Maumoon, dramatically lost, while seeking a record 7th term in office. Under the first ever democratic government in the Maldives led by "'Mohamed Nasheed"', Yameen was arrested on charges of bribing MPs but the charges were dismissed by the Supreme Court, which ordered State to pay damages to Yameen on grounds of false arrest. Yameen was also the subject of an international investigation on allegations of corruption during his time as Chairman of STO. The allegations included the sale of a tea estate in Sri Lanka at a loss to his brother-in-law, as well as embezzling funds through illegal trading with Myanmar through front companies established in Singapore and Malaysia. The first ever independent Auditor-General of Maldives reported in 2008 that STO had lent interest-free loans of several million dollars to Yameen's political allies.[5] Following resignation of Mohamed Nasheed as president, his successor, reportedly paid US$10 million to the UK firm which had led conducted the international investigation.[6]

In addition to his political career, Yameen spent a large part of his life as a community organiser in Machchangolhi Ward an administrative district of Malé, Maldives) where he was raised. During his tenure as Machchangolhi Ward Chief, the district was recognised for hosting popular cultural events and for the high quality of education provided by community-based private school Ahmadiyya. After a few years in People's Alliance (PA), a political party he helped form, Yameen left to join the Progressive Party of Maldives[7] (PPM) in 2010. He has served as the head of PPM's Parliamentary Group since the party's formation and currently occupies the post after being elected to it at PPM's first Congress held between 17 and 19 January 2013. Yameen won the Maldivian presidential election, 2013.

Early life and education[edit]

Yameen was born on 21 May 1959, in the capital city of Malé, the Republic of Maldives. His father is Abdul Qayyoom Ibrahim, a former Attorney General. His elder brother Maumoon Abdul Gayyoom served as President of the Maldives between 1978 and 2008. Yameen got his primary and secondary schooling in Maldives at Majeediyya School. After completing his higher secondary education, Yameen pursued higher studies in Beirut, Lebanon where he received his Bachelors in Business Administration from the American University of Beirut. Yameen later completed postgraduate studies in the field of Public policy at the Claremont Graduate University in California, United States.

Spearheading the development of State-owned companies[edit]

Under Yameen's leadership, The State Electric Company (STELCO) implemented several important electrification projects in the capital city of Malé as well as the outer islands. These projects include the Third and Fourth Power Plans conducted in Malé as well as the Heavy Fuel Project carried out to control electricity prices in response to spike in global fuel prices. Further projects include the Outer Island Electrification Project.[8]


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Political offices
Preceded by
Mohammed Waheed Hassan
President of the Maldives
2013–present
Incumbent