Abdullah Fa'izi ad-Daghestani

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Abdullah Fa'izi ad-Daghestani (December 14, 1891 – September 30, 1973) was a shaykh of the Naqshbandi Haqqani Sufi order.[1] He was born in the Caucasian region of Daghestan (then part of the Russian Empire) in 1891. Both his father and elder brother were medical doctors, the latter being a surgeon in the Imperial Russian Army. Abdullah was raised and trained by his maternal uncle, Shaykh Sharafuddin Daghestani (1875–1936).

Sometime in the 1900s Abdullah’s village decided to make hijrah (emigration) to the Ottoman Empire. They settled in the northwestern Anatolian city of Bursa and then, after a year, moved to a place called Reşadiye (now known as Güneyköy). A new village was established that was populated by Daghestani refugees. Shortly thereafter, Abdullah’s father died and at the age of fifteen he was married to a Daghestani girl named Halima.

In 1910, after merely six months of marriage, Shaykh Sharafuddin ordered Abdullah into sacred seclusion (khalwat) for five years. This practice included severe austerities that were intended to raise his spiritual rank. When Abdullah returned to secular life the Ottoman Empire was embroiled in the First World War. Along with many young men of his village, Abdullah entered military service and took part in the Battle of Gallipoli. During a firefight he was severely wounded by Allied fire.

In 1921 Abdullah was instructed by Shaykh Sharafuddin to enter another five years seclusion. He completed this and was then allegedly granted a license (ijazah), which he himself did not have[2] to be a master, a shaykh, in the Naqshbandi order.

Because of anti-Sufi regulations in the new Turkish Republic, Abdullah began to contemplate leaving the country. After the death of Shaykh Sharafuddin in 1936, a delegation came to Reşadiye from King Farouk to pay their condolences, as he had many murids in Egypt. One of the delegation married a daughter of Abdullah and the family moved to Egypt.

Abdullah resided in Egypt until his daughter’s divorce. The family then left Egypt for Syria. Abdullah resided for a time in Aleppo and from there moved to Homs and then finally to Damascus near the tomb of saint Sa’d ad-Din Jibawi. There he established the first tekke for his branch of the Naqshbandi order.

In 1943 he moved to a house on Jabal Qasioun mountain, a house that was bought by his first Syrian murid and later khalifah, Shaykh Husayn Ifrini. This house and the mosque next to it still stand, and it is now the site of his türbe (tomb). He died on September 30, 1973.

One of his khalifahs, Shaykh Nazim al-Qubrusi, spread the Sufi teachings of Abdullah to the West.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Although the authenticity of his ijazah
  2. ^ Shaykh Sharafuddin Daghestani meeting in Istanbul

External links[edit]