Abdullah Qutb Shah

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Abdullah Qutb Shah

The Seventh

Sultan of Qutb Shahi dynasty
Sultan Abdullah Qutb Shah.jpg
Reign 1626–1672
Predecessor Sultan Muhammad Qutb Shah
Successor Abul Hasan Qutb Shah
Father Sultan Muhammad Qutb Shah
Died 21 April 1672
Tomb of Abdullah Qutb Shah in Hyderabad, India.

Abdullah Qutb Shah (also transliterated in different ways) (Urdu: عبداللہ قطب شاہ) was the seventh ruler of the kingdom of Golconda in southern India under the Qutb Shahi dynasty. He ruled from 1626 to 1672.

Abdullah, son of Sultan Muhammad Qutb Shah, was a polyglot, and a lover of poetry and music. He invited to his court and respected Kshetrayya, a famous lyric writer. Kshetrayya is known for his romantic poetry.

His reign was full of sorrow and trouble. His only success was demolishing decayed Vijayanagara Empire by capturing Vellore, last capital of it in 1652. Aurangzeb under the command from Shah Jahan took over Hyderabad by surprise and restricted Abdullah within the Golconda fort. Abdullah worked hard to negotiate reasonable terms of surrender but the Mughals forced him into accepting severe conditions. This unhappy monarch died in 1672 and was succeeded by his son-in-law, Abul Hasan Qutb Shah.

Preceded by
Sultan Muhammad Qutb Shah
Qutb Shahi dynasty
1518–1687
Succeeded by
Abul Hasan Qutb Shah

*Tomb of Abdullah Qutb Shah.