Abell 2029

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Abell 2029 cluster
Abell 2029.png
A2029 in X-ray from Chandra (left) and
in the optical from the Digitized Sky Survey (right).
Observation data (Epoch J2000)
Constellation(s) Virgo
Right ascension 15h 10m 56.20s
Declination +05° 44′ 41″
Brightest member IC 1101
Richness class 2[1]
Bautz-Morgan classification I [1]
Redshift 0.0767[2]
Distance
(co-moving)
326 Mpc (1,063 Mly) h−1
0.705
[3]
ICM temperature 8.47 keV[4]
Binding mass 8×1014 M[2][4]
X-ray flux 6.94×10−11 erg s-1 cm-2 (0.1-2.4 keV)[3]
See also: Galaxy groups, Galaxy clusters, List of galaxy clusters

Abell 2029 or A2029 is a large cluster of galaxies 315 megaparsecs (1,027 megalight-years) away in the constellation Virgo.[5] A2029 is the definition of a Bautz-Morgan classification I cluster due to its central galaxy, IC 1101. IC 1101 is perhaps the largest galaxy known, with estimates ranging from 5.6 to over 6 million light years across; contrast this with the Milky Way, which is 100,000 light years across. A2029 is also about 81 times bigger than the Milky Way, with a luminosity of 2×1012 L, as announced in July, 1990, by Juan M. Uson, Stephen P. Boughn, and Jeffrey R. Kuhn. This type of galaxy is called a cD-type brightest cluster galaxy and may have grown to its large size by accreting nearby galaxies.

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b Abell, George O.; Corwin, Harold G., Jr.; Olowin, Ronald P. (May 1989). "A catalog of rich clusters of galaxies" (PDF). Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series 70 (May 1989): 1–138. Bibcode:1989ApJS...70....1A. doi:10.1086/191333. ISSN 0067-0049. Retrieved March 12, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b Walker, S. A.; Fabian, A. C.; Sanders, J. S.; George, M. R.; Tawara, Y. (March 2012). "X-ray observations of the galaxy cluster Abell 2029 to the virial radius" (PDF). eprint arXiv (Accepted for publication in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society). arXiv:1203.0486. Bibcode:2012arXiv1203.0486W. Retrieved March 11, 2012. 
  3. ^ a b NASA/IPAC EXTRAGALACTIC DATABASE. "NED results for object ABELL 2029". Retrieved March 11, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b Table 4 from Vikhlinin, A.; Kravtsov, A.; Forman, W.; Jones, C.; Markevitch, M.; Murray, S. S.; Van Speybroeck, L. (April 2006). "Chandra Sample of Nearby Relaxed Galaxy Clusters: Mass, Gas Fraction, and Mass-Temperature Relation" (PDF). The Astrophysical Journal (Chicago, Illinois, USA: University of Chicago Press) 640 (2): 691–709. arXiv:astro-ph/0507092. Bibcode:2006ApJ...640..691V. doi:10.1086/500288. Retrieved March 12, 2012. 
  5. ^ Chandra X-ray Observatory, "Galaxy Clusters and Dark Energy: Chandra Opens New Line of Investigation on Dark Energy", Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: Sky map 15h 10m 56.20s, +05° 44′ 41″