Abercrombie River

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Abercrombie River
Perennial river
Abercrombie River 1.jpg
Name origin: named by John Thomas Bigge[1]
Country Australia
State New South Wales
IBRA South Eastern Highlands
District Central West
Municipalities Upper Lachlan, Oberon Shire
Part of Murray–Darling basin
Tributaries
 - left Burra Burra Creek, Bolong River, Copperhannia Creek
 - right Isabella River, Tuena Creek, Meglo Creek, Piesleys Creek
Source
 - location near Mount Werong village
 - elevation 1,130 m (3,707 ft)
Source confluence Lachlan River
 - location Wyangala Dam
 - elevation 375 m (1,230 ft)
Length 130 km (81 mi)
[2]

Abercrombie River, a perennial river that is part of the Murray–Darling basin, is located in the central west of New South Wales, Australia.

Course[edit]

The river rises to the east of the village of Mount Werong and generally flows westward towards its confluence with the Lachlan River at Wyangala Dam near Cowra.[1] The river flows through freehold land as well as the Abercrombie River National Park, and provides habitat for platypus and rakali,[3] dropping 758 metres (2,487 ft) over its course of 130 kilometres (81 mi).[2]

The Abercrombie River is the furthest east of the inland flowing rivers.[citation needed]

History[edit]

The original inhabitants of the land alongside the river were Australian Aborigines of the Wiradjuri or Gundungara clans, which may have used the river as a trading route.[4]

The first European to discover the watercourse was explorer Charles Throsby on 5 May 1819, during an expedition from Sydney to the central west of New South Wales. The river was named by Commissioner John Thomas Bigge on 22 October 1820.[1]

Alluvial gold was discovered in and along the river in 1851, inspiring a minor gold rush hampered by the ruggedness of the terrain and the periodic depths of the waterway.[5] Early miners recovered up to 3 oz (85 g) of gold a day along the river,[6] and by 1862 between forty and fifty mining parties were at work at Milburne Creek, a minor tributary of the Abercrombie.[7]

The Goulburn-Oberon Road crosses the Abercrombie River in the steep-sided Abercrombie Gorge.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Abercrombie River". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 11 January 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Map of Abercrombie River, NSW". Bonzle.com. Retrieved 13 January 2013. 
  3. ^ "Abercrombie River National Park". NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service. Government of New South Wales. July 2009. Retrieved 18 September 2007. 
  4. ^ "Abercrombie River National Park: Culture and History". NSW Department of Environment and Climate Change. Government of New South Wales. 2009. Retrieved 13 July 2009. 
  5. ^ "The Wentworth Diggings". The Argus (Melbourne, Victoria: Argus Office). 24 September 1851. p. 4. Retrieved 13 July 2009. 
  6. ^ "The Gold Fields". The Maitland Mercury & Hunter River General Advertiser (Maitland NSW: Thomas William Tucker and Richard Jones). 1 December 1852. p. 4. Retrieved 13 July 2009. 
  7. ^ "New South Wales: The Lachlan". The Argus (Melbourne, Victoria: Argus Office). 1 February 1862. p. 7. Retrieved 13 July 2009. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°01′S 149°28′E / 34.017°S 149.467°E / -34.017; 149.467