Aberdeen Airport

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Aberdeen International Airport
Aberdeen/Dyce Airport
Port-adhair Obar Dheathain
BAA Aberdeen logo.png
Aberdeen Airport terminal close up 23-03-11.JPG
IATA: ABZICAO: EGPD
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Heathrow Airport Holdings
Operator Aberdeen International Airport Limited
Serves Aberdeen, United Kingdom
Location Dyce, Aberdeen
Elevation AMSL 215 ft / 66 m
Coordinates 57°12′07″N 002°11′52″W / 57.20194°N 2.19778°W / 57.20194; -2.19778Coordinates: 57°12′07″N 002°11′52″W / 57.20194°N 2.19778°W / 57.20194; -2.19778
Website aberdeenairport.com
Map
EGPD is located in Aberdeen
EGPD
EGPD
Location of airport in Aberdeen
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
16/34 1,949 6,394 Asphalt
Helipads
Number Length Surface
m ft
H05/H23 513 1,683 Asphalt
H14/H32 590 1,936 Asphalt
H36 580 1,903 Asphalt
Statistics (2013)
Passengers 3,440,765
Passenger change 12-13 Increase3.3%
Aircraft Movements 118,219
Movements change 12-13 Increase2.8%
Sources: UK AIP at NATS[1]
Statistics from the UK Civil Aviation Authority[2]

Aberdeen International Airport (Scottish Gaelic: Port-adhair Eadar-nàiseanta Obar Dheathain) (IATA: ABZICAO: EGPD) is an international airport, located at Dyce, a suburb of Aberdeen, Scotland, approximately 5 nautical miles (9.3 km; 5.8 mi) northwest of Aberdeen city centre.[1] A total of 3.44 million passengers used the airport in 2013, an increase of 3.3% compared with 2012 and a record annual total for the airport.[2]

The airport is owned and operated by Heathrow Airport Holdings, which also owns and operates three other UK airports,[3] and is itself owned by FGP TopCo Limited, an international consortium, which includes Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec and GIC Special Investments, that is led by the Spanish Ferrovial Group.[4]

Aberdeen Airport is a base for BMI Regional and Eastern Airways. The airport also serves as the main heliport for the Scottish offshore oil industry. With the utilisation of newer aircraft, helicopters can reach northern most platforms on both the East and west of Shetland areas. However, helicopters frequently use Wick, Kirkwall, Scatsa and Sumburgh for refuelling stops.

The airport has one main passenger terminal, serving scheduled and charter holiday flights. In addition, there are three terminals dedicated to North Sea helicopter operations, used by Bristow Helicopters, CHC-Scotia, and Bond Offshore Helicopters. There is also a small terminal adjacent to the main passenger terminal, Broomfield House, used primarily for oil company charter flights to Scatsta in Shetland, operated by Eastern Airways.

History[edit]

The airport opened in 1934, established by Eric Gandar Dower, intended to link the northern islands of Scotland with London.

During Second World War the airfield became a Royal Air Force station - RAF Dyce. It was the site of the Dyce Sector Operations Room within No. 13 Group RAF. Although fighters were there throughout the Battle of Britain to provide protection from German bombing raids from Occupied Norway, it was mainly used as a photographic reconnaissance station.

Anti-shipping operations by Coastal Command were carried out from RAF Dyce as well as convoy escort.

The airfield was bombed by the Luftwaffe on 26 July 1940 and 27 August 1940, no damage was reported. A decoy site ('Q' Site) was located at Harestone Moss near Whitecairns. The aim of this site was to create the impression of an active airfield during the night. The decoy worked on around four occasions, where several raids resulted in bombs being dropped on the decoy site. The decoy site had a small underground bunker that housed a generator, this was used to power a decoy 'flarepath' in addition to rotating lamp to be used to give the impression of a taxiing aircraft.

Near the airport off the A96 it the flat areas across from Concraig Farm (Between Blackurn and Kintore) the land here had wooden poles erected (anti-Glider landing poles) to deter German Gliders landing to attack RAF Dyce during WW2

A Spitfire IIa crashed at the east side of the airfield on 19 November 1941 during attack practice with a target glider being towed. F/O Zaoral is buried in the old Dyce graveyard, where some German aircrew are also buried that crashed in Aberdeen in 1940.

A significant wartime event occurred in May 1943 when a German, Junkers Ju 88 fighter-bomber landed here; it was flown to Scotland by its crew, who wanted to defect to the Allied side.[5] The surrender of this aircraft was of great intelligence value at the time, as it was fitted with the latest FuG 202 Liechtenstein BC A.I radar. The aircraft survives and is displayed in the RAF Museum in London.[5]

On 17 August 1943, a Mosquito crashed following a stall in the circuit, crashing onto 5 John Street in Dyce village; another Mosquito on 10 April 1944 crashed on approach to the airfield.

On 26 December 1944, A Messerschmitt BF109G signalling intentions to surrender crash landed at the airfield.

On 16 May 1945, two pilots were killed when a Wellington bomber crashed on landing wrecking a goods train in Dyce Station.

During air raids in the Second World War, aircraft were moved to East Fingask beside Oldmeldrum. One RAF building still remains at East Fingask, where aircrews waiting for the "All Clear" before returning to Dyce airfield. Virtually nothing remains from the war era at the airport due to expansion and development of the industrial estates around it.

The original airport terminal was located at the East Side where the Airport Social club and Bond Offshore helicopters are located, a new terminal was built along with a new control tower to handle the increase in air traffic.

The airport was nationalized in 1947 and was transferred to the control of the British Airports Authority (BAA) in 1975. From 1967 and 1970 there were regular flights to Moscow and Toronto; these were later stopped due to cost related problems.

With the discovery of North Sea oil, helicopter operations began in 1967, linking the growing number of oil rigs to the mainland. As Aberdeen became the largest oil-related centre in Europe, the airport became the world's largest commercial heliport. Today, Aberdeen Airport handles more than 37,000 rotary wing movements carrying around 468,000 passengers annually. Helicopters account for almost half of all aircraft movements at the airport.

Until March 2005, aircraft were not allowed to take-off or land between 22:30 and 06:00 local time due to noise constraints. The city council overturned this ban, however, despite some Dyce residents' objections, and the airport is now open 24 hours a day to fixed-wing aircraft[6] with a quota count of QC4 or below, and the overnight restrictions still apply to helicopters.[1]

General aviation (light aircraft) flight training for private pilots licenses takes place from the East Side of the airport and located in the ground Handling agents premises. The ground handling agent there also manages the VIP flights and corporate jets that park on the Eastside Apron.

The air ambulance (fixed wing) is positioned on the eastside apron in a dedicated hangar, the company operates King-Air aircraft from Aberdeen.

Aberdeen, being a major city in the Oil industry has a number of oil company charter flights, these have included flights to South America and also Korea (via Abu Dhabi). Flights from the USA are regular visitors and a military flight from Afghanistan has also landed.

On 6 October 2011, a 124-metre extension to the main runway at the airport was opened, almost eight months ahead of schedule.[7]

On 8 January 2013, the airport was renamed Aberdeen International.[8]

Plans[edit]

Aberdeen heliport

Aberdeen Airport has now[when?] begun work on a £10 million construction project to attract more international routes.

BAA expects to spend £60million on extending the runway farther still to allow bigger, more modern aircraft to fly from Aberdeen to destinations across the Mediterranean, North Africa and North America, as well as building a bigger, better-equipped terminal and new parking stands for aircraft. During the construction phase of the runway extension and taxiiway, the airport's military past has been revealed. To date two pieces of WW2 ordnance have been unearthed. The reason for this is the taxiway extension route straight runs straight through the old bomb dump.

BAA predicts passenger numbers at Aberdeen will rise to 5.9 million by 2030, and says the expansion will create more than 1,200 jobs at the airport and many more across Scotland.[9]

Refurbishment work will see the installation of a segregated walkway for passengers, as well significant enhancements to the international arrivals hall and improvements to jet parking stands.

The first phase of the work will be completed early next year[when?], with all upgrades conforming to UK Border Agency requirements.

Phases two and three will then involve additions to the international arrivals hall, centring on improving its passport control and baggage reclaim facilities as well as increasing floor space.

A separate £2 million project to transform the terminal forecourt at Aberdeen Airport got underway in July 2008 and was completed that autumn.

The former Airport social club building has been renovated by Bond Offshore helicopters, this will be for future passenger use.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Aer Lingus Regional
operated by Aer Arann
Dublin
airBaltic Riga
Air France
operated by HOP!
Paris-Charles de Gaulle
BA Cityflyer Seasonal charter: Malaga, Minorca, Palma de Mallorca, Reus
BH Air Seasonal: Burgas
BMI Regional Bristol, Esbjerg, Kristiansund, Manchester, Norwich, Oslo-Gardermoen
British Airways London-Heathrow
British Airways
operated by BA CityFlyer
London-City
Eastern Airways Cardiff, Durham Tees Valley, East Midlands, Humberside, Leeds-Bradford, Newcastle, Norwich, Southampton, Stavanger, Stornoway, Wick
easyJet London-Gatwick, London-Luton
Flybe Belfast-City, Birmingham, Jersey, Manchester
Flybe
operated by Loganair
Kirkwall, Sumburgh
Freebird Airlines Seasonal charter: Dalaman
KLM Amsterdam
KLM
operated by KLM Cityhopper
Amsterdam
Lufthansa Frankfurt
Nouvelair Seasonal charter: Enfidha[10]
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stavanger
Small Planet Airlines Seasonal charter: Catania, Dubrovnik, Porto, Seville, Verona
Thomas Cook Airlines Seasonal: Dalaman, Enfidha, Tenerife-South
Thomson Airways Seasonal: Corfu (begins 2 May 2014), Dalaman (begins 5 May 2014), Ibiza, Palma de Mallorca, Tenerife-South
Virgin Atlantic
operated by Aer Lingus
London-Heathrow
Widerøe Bergen, Stavanger

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Ben Air Kirkwall, Sumburgh
Loganair East Midlands, Edinburgh
West Air Atlantic East Midlands

Traffic statistics[edit]

Busiest Commercial Routes to and from Aberdeen Airport (2013)[11]
Rank Airport Passengers handled  % Change 2012
1  United Kingdom - London Heathrow Airport 712,184 Increase7.3%
2  Netherlands - Amsterdam Schiphol Airport 291,570 Increase3.6%
3  United Kingdom - Manchester Airport 203,347 Increase12.5%
4  United Kingdom - London Gatwick Airport 173,231 Decrease25.9%
5  Norway - Stavanger Airport 164,409 Decrease1.5%
6  Germany - Frankfurt Airport 146,270 Increase9.0%
7  United Kingdom - Sumburgh Airport 115,283 Increase53.3%
8  France - Paris-Charles De Gaulle 106,937 Decrease1.5%
9  United Kingdom - Birmingham Airport 96,789 Increase10.8%
10  United Kingdom - London Luton Airport 82,787 Decrease31.0%
11  United Kingdom - London City Airport 73,076 Increase362.7%
12  United Kingdom - Norwich International Airport 63,766 Decrease1.3%
13  Norway - Bergen Airport 54,434 Increase5.7%
14  United Kingdom - Kirkwall Airport 48,633 Increase3.1%
15  Denmark - Copenhagen Airport 46,156 Decrease17.3%

Facilities[edit]

Head office of BMI Regional

There is a Thistle Hotel, Premier Inn, Courtyard by Marriott and Speedbird Inn on the airport site. On 10 January 2013 it was also announced that Accor Group will be bringing two new hotels to the airport, a 194 bedroom Novotel hotel and the other a 112 bedroom Ibis hotel.

BMI Regional has its head office in Aberdeen Airport East.[12]

For Flight Training, Eurocopter and Bristow Helicopters both have helicopter flight Simulators in buildings at the airport. Cabro Aviation also operate GA flight training at the Eastside of Aberdeen Airport.

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • On 3 March 2009, seven protesters from Plane Stupid occupied a taxiway at Aberdeen Airport, barricading themselves within a makeshift wire enclosure while two further protesters occupied the roof of the main terminal building. Their actions were in protest at the proposed extension to the Airport runway, and Donald Trump's plan to create a Golf Resort in the area. After a number of hours, the group eventually ended their protest, and were arrested by Police.
  • On 22 June 2006, a City Star Airlines Dornier 328 (TF-CSB) operating a passenger flight from Stavanger, Norway, overshot the end of the airport's runway by several hundred yards as it came in to land. None of the 16 passengers and 3 crew members on board were injured.
  • On 24 December 2002 a Swearingen Metroliner III (OY-BPH) of Danish operator North Flying crashed after take off from Aberdeen on a positioning flight to Aalborg in Denmark. Immediately after take-off the aircraft was suspected to have suffered a major power loss in its right engine and crashed into a field just to the south of the airport. It slid along the field and through a fence onto Dyce Drive, a main road into the airport, where it hit a moving car and then came to rest. The two crew and driver of the car survived the accident, with only one crewmember sustaining minor injuries.[13]
  • On 13 June 2001 a Gama Aviation Beechcraft 200 Super King Air (G-BPPM) crashed at Aberdeen when its undercarriage collapsed on landing. The aircraft slid down the runway for around 500 metres before coming to rest. The flight had departed Aberdeen for Humberside but returned after a problem was discovered with the undercarriage. The two crew and four passengers were unhurt.[14]
  • On 4 July 1983, Bristow Helicopters AS332L Super Puma (G-TIGD) crashed on landing at Aberdeen. During the approach to Aberdeen from the North Hutton platform, a loud bang was heard, followed by severe vibration. A PAN call was made to ATC by the crew. Shortly before landing control was lost and the helicopter struck the runway heavily on its side. 10 of 16 passengers received serious injuries. A tail boom panel had become detached in flight and damaged all five tail rotor blades. The resulting imbalance to the tail rotor assembly led to the separation of this unit and subsequent loss of control.
  • In the late 70s, a Trident Aircraft overshot the runway ending up at the Northern end of runway 34 (35 at the time)
  • On 2 September 1947 Vickers Viking C.2 VL245 of the RAF King's Flight crashed in a field at Newhills, 3 km from Aberdeen Airport. The aircraft suffered an engine failure while climbing out. All 11 on-board survived the forced landing.

Transport[edit]

Rail[edit]

The airport is linked to nearby Dyce railway station by the 80 Dyce Airlink shuttle bus which runs between the station, airport, heliport and Kirkhill industrial estate every 20 minutes between 06:45 and 19:00. Journey time between the airport and station is 15 minutes.

Following an increase in the frequency of train services to Dyce station, First ScotRail now provides an almost half-hourly service to and from Aberdeen during the day.

Additionally many more trains from the south have now been extended to stop at Dyce, giving the station direct links to Dundee, Edinburgh, Glasgow and intermediate stations, as well as stations northwards on the line to Inverness.

Bus[edit]

Aberdeen Airport is served by local and express bus services operated by First Aberdeen and Stagecoach Bluebird. There is a dedicated No.727 bus service each 20 minutes to the main bus and rail station in central Aberdeen. Chartered buses can also be booked with local operators.

Road[edit]

The airport lies on the main A96 Aberdeen to Inverness road, being only a few kilometres from the city centre itself.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Aberdeen/Dyce - EGPD
  2. ^ a b CAA: UK Annual Airport Statistics
  3. ^ "Who we are". Heathrow Airport Holdings. 2013. Retrieved 28 January 2013. 
  4. ^ "Who owns us". Heathrow Airport Holdings. 2013. Retrieved 28 January 2013. 
  5. ^ a b Individual history: Junkers Ju88 R-1 W/Nr.360043/PJ876/8475M Museum Accession Number 78/AF/953 (pdf), RAF Museum, retrieved 14 February 2010 
  6. ^ "Airport given overnight approval". BBC News. 2 March 2005. Retrieved 28 March 2012. 
  7. ^ "Aberdeen Airport runway extension opening". Aberdeen Airport. 6 October 2011. Retrieved 28 March 2011. 
  8. ^ "Airport rebranded 'Aberdeen International'". BBC News. 8 January 2012. 
  9. ^ "BAA wants a ‘truly international gateway’". 
  10. ^ Nouvelair S13 Charter to Enfidha
  11. ^ http://www.caa.co.uk/docs/80/airport_data/2013Annual/Table_12_1_Intl_Air_Pax_Route_Analysis_2013.pdf
  12. ^ "General Conditions of Carriage." British Midland. Retrieved on 28 December 2011. "British Midland Regional Ltd Registered Office Aberdeen Airport East Wellheads Drive Dyce Aberdeen AB21 7EU"
  13. ^ "Accident Report, OY-BPH" (PDF). UK AAIB. Retrieved 2007-12-04. 
  14. ^ "Accident Report, G-BPPM" (PDF). UK AAIB. Retrieved 2007-12-04. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Aberdeen Airport at Wikimedia Commons