Aberdeen South (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 57°05′42″N 2°07′59″W / 57.095°N 2.133°W / 57.095; -2.133

Aberdeen South
Burgh constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Aberdeen South in Scotland for the 2005 general election.
Subdivisions of Scotland City of Aberdeen
Electorate 69,332
Current constituency
Created 1885
Member of Parliament Anne Begg (Labour)
Number of members One
Overlaps
Scottish Parliament North East Scotland
European Parliament constituency Scotland

Aberdeen South is a burgh constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom and it elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election. The current MP is Anne Begg of the Labour Party, first elected in 1997.

The constituency was first used in the 1885 general election, but has undergone boundary changes since then. There is also an Aberdeen South Holyrood constituency, a constituency of the Scottish Parliament,[1] created in 1999 with the boundaries of the Westminster constituency at that time.

Boundaries[edit]

Council areas
grouped by the Fifth Review
Aberdeenshire, Aberdeen City.png
Aberdeen City and Aberdeenshire

Current[edit]

As redefined by the Fifth Review of the Boundary Commission for Scotland, and subsequently first used in the 2005 general election,[2] Aberdeen South is entirely within the Aberdeen City council area and one of five constituencies covering that council area and the Aberdeenshire council area.

To the south and west of Aberdeen South there is West Aberdeenshire and Kincardine, which is entirely within the Aberdeenshire area. To the north there is Aberdeen North which, like Aberdeen South is entirely within the Aberdeen City area. Further north there is Gordon, which covers part of the Aberdeen City area and part of the Aberdeenshire area. To the north of Gordon there is Banff and Buchan which, like West Aberdeenshire and Kincardine, is entirely within the Aberdeenshire area.

Historic[edit]

1885 to 1918[edit]

From 1832 to 1885 there was a single Aberdeen constituency. Prior to 1832, the burgh of Aberdeen had been represented as a component of the Aberdeen Burghs constituency.

When Aberdeen South was created by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 and first used in the 1885 general election, so was Aberdeen North. Aberdeen South then consisted of the municipal wards of St Nicholas, Rosemount, Rubislaw and Ferryhill, and the 9th Parliamentary Polling District.[3] The rest of the county of Aberdeen was covered by the county constituencies of Eastern Aberdeenshire and Western Aberdeenshire.[4]

The same boundaries were used in the 1886 general election, the 1892 general election, the 1895 general election, the 1900 general election, the 1906 general election, the January 1910 general election and the December 1910 general election.

1918 to 1950[edit]

In 1918 constituency boundaries were redefined by the Representation of the People Act 1918. By then the City of Aberdeen had been created and, together with Aberdeen North, Aberdeen South became one of two constituencies covering the city (which was one of four counties of cities in Scotland) and entirely within the city. The new boundaries were first used in the 1918 general election, and Aberdeen South then consisted of the wards of Ferryhill, Rosemount, Rubislaw, Ruthrieston and St Nicholas.[4] The county of Aberdeen was covered by Aberdeen and Kincardine East, Central Aberdeenshire and Kincardine and West Aberdeenshire. East Aberdeenshire and West Aberdeenshire were entirely within the county of Aberdeen. Kincardine and West Aberdeenshire covered the county of Kincardine minus the burgh of Inverbervie, which was covered by Montrose Burghs, and part of the county of Aberdeen.

The same boundaries were used in the 1922 general election, the 1923 general election, the 1924 general election, the 1929 general election, the 1931 general election, the 1935 general election and the 1945 general election.

1950 to 1955[edit]

For the 1950 general election boundaries were redefined again, by the House of Commons (Redistribution of Seats) Act 1949. A new list of wards defined Aberdeen South - Ferryhill, Holburn, Rosemount, Rubislaw, Ruthrieston and Torry[4] - but the City of Aberdeen remained a two-constituency city, divided between Aberdeen South and Aberdeen North, with both constituencies entirely within the city.

The county of Aberdeen was now again divided between East Aberdeenshire and West Aberdeenshire, with both of these constituencies entirely within the county.

The same boundaries were used for the 1951 general election.

1955 to 1983[edit]

By the time of the 1955 general election, a boundary review had taken account of a small enlargement of the city area. However, the same list of wards - Ferryhill, Holburn, Rosemount, Rubislaw, Ruthrieston and Torry[4] - continued to define Aberdeen South, and the same boundaries were used for the 1959 general election, the 1964 general election, the 1966 general election, the 1970 general election, the February 1974 general election and the October 1974 general election.

In 1975, throughout Scotland, under the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973, counties were abolished, and the City of Aberdeen was enlarged to included areas formerly within the county of Aberdeen and the county of Kincardine. Also, the city became a district within the Grampian region. The enlarged city included areas covered by the constituencies of West Aberdeenshire and North Angus and Mearns. North Angus and Mearns had been created in 1950 to cover the county of Kincardine and part of the county of Angus.

The 1979 general election was held before a review of constituency boundaries took account of new local government boundaries.

1983 to 1997[edit]

For the 1983 election, the electoral wards used to create this seat were Rosemount, Rubislaw, St Clements, St Nicholas, Hazelhead, Holburn, Ferryhill, Torry, Nigg.[5]

The 1983 general election, the 1987 general election and the 1992 general election took place during this period. At the 1992 General Election the constituency was the only seat which Labour had won at the 1987 election to be gained by the Conservatives.

In 1996, under the Local Government etc (Scotland) Act 1994, local government regions and districts were abolished and the city became one of 32 unitary council areas of Scotland. Also, the name of the city became, officially, Aberdeen City.

1997 to 2005[edit]

As redefined for the 1997 general election Aberdeen South was one of three constituencies covering and entirely within the Aberdeen City area, the other two being Aberdeen North and Aberdeen Central. Aberdeen South shared boundaries with both of the other two constituencies.

The same boundaries were used for the 2001 general election.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1885 James Bryce Liberal
1907 George Birnie Esslemont Liberal
1917 John Fleming Liberal
1918 Sir Frederick Charles Thomson, Bt. Unionist
1935 Sir Douglas Thomson, Bt. Unionist
1946 Lady Tweedsmuir Unionist
1966 Donald Dewar Labour
1970 Iain Sproat Conservative
1983 Gerry Malone Conservative
1987 Frank Doran Labour
1992 Raymond Robertson Conservative
1997 Anne Begg Labour

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2010: Aberdeen South[6][7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Anne Begg 15,722 36.5 −0.2
Liberal Democrats John Sleigh 12,216 28.4 −5.1
Conservative Amanda Harvie 8,914 20.7 +3.6
SNP Mark McDonald 5,102 11.9 +2.0
BNP Susan Ross 529 1.2 N/A
Scottish Green Rhonda Reekie 413 1.0 −0.9
SACL Robert Green 138 0.3 N/A
Majority 3,506 8.1
Turnout 43,034 67.2 +5.1
Labour hold Swing 2.5

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Aberdeen South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Anne Begg 15,272 36.7 −1.3
Liberal Democrat Vicki Harris 13,924 33.5 +4.9
Conservative Stewart Whyte 7,134 17.1 −2.7
SNP Maureen Watt 4,120 9.9 −2.3
Scottish Green Rhonda Reekie 768 1.8 N/A
Scottish Socialist Donald Munro 403 1.0 −0.4
Majority 1,348 3.2
Turnout 41,621 62.1 +2.4
Labour hold Swing −3.1
General Election 2001: Aberdeen South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Anne Begg 14,696 39.8 +4.6
Liberal Democrat Ian Yuill 10,308 27.9 +0.3
Conservative Moray Macdonald 7,098 19.2 −7.1
SNP Ian Angus 4,293 11.6 +1.9
Scottish Socialist David Watt 495 1.3 N/A
Majority 4,388 11.9
Turnout 36,890 62.5 −10.3
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Aberdeen South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Anne Begg 15,541 35.3 +0.5
Liberal Democrat Nicol Stephen 12,176 27.6 +16.0
Conservative Raymond Robertson 11,621 26.4 −12.1
SNP Jim Towers 4,299 11.6 −3.6
Referendum Party Ric Wharton 425 1.0 N/A
Majority 3,365 7.7
Turnout 44,062 72.8
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +11.2
General Election 1992: Aberdeen South[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Raymond Robertson 15,808 38.5 +3.6
Labour Frank Doran 14,291 34.8 −2.9
SNP James C. Davidson 6,223 15.1 +8.6
Liberal Democrat Ms. Irene Keith 4,767 11.6 −9.3
Majority 1,517 3.7 +0.9
Turnout 41,089 70.2 +3.1
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +3.3

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Aberdeen South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Frank Doran 15,917 37.7 +7.8
Conservative Gerry Malone 14,719 34.8 −4.1
Social Democrat I.G. Philip 8,844 20.9 −5.3
SNP Michael Weir 2,776 6.6 +1.6
Majority 1,198 2.9
Turnout 42,256 67.1
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +6.0
General Election 1983: Aberdeen South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Gerry Malone 15,393 38.9
Labour R. Middleton 11,812 29.9
Social Democrat I.D. Philip 10,372 26.2
SNP S. Coull 1,974 5.0
Majority 3,581 9.1
Turnout 39,551 68.7
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Aberdeen South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Iain Sproat 20,820 40.72
Labour N.A. Goodman 20,048 39.21
Liberal H. Pitt-Watson 5,901 11.54
SNP A. Stronach 4,361 8.53
Majority 772 1.51
Turnout 78.55
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Aberdeen South[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Iain Sproat 18,475 35.47
Labour R. Middleton 18,110 34.77
SNP A. Stronach 10,481 20.12
Liberal A.A. Robbie 5,018 9.63
Majority 365 0.70
Turnout 76.32
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Aberdeen South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Iain Sproat 21,938 39.63
Labour R. Middleton 18,380 33.20
SNP A. Stronach 7,599 13.73
Liberal A. Robbie 7,447 13.45
Majority 3,558 6.43
Turnout 82.17
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970: Aberdeen South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Iain Sproat 23,843 45.41
Labour Donald Campbell Dewar 22,754 43.33
Liberal K.J.B.S. McLeod 3,135 5.97
SNP B.M. Cockie 2,777 5.29
Majority 1,089 2.07
Turnout 77.05
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Aberdeen South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Donald Campbell Dewar 23,291 46.1
Conservative Lady Tweedsmuir 21,492 42.5
Liberal Norman W. King 5,797 11.5
Majority 1,799 3.6
Turnout 81.3
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +5.6
General Election 1964: Aberdeen South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Lady Tweedsmuir 25,824 50.00
Labour Donald Campbell Dewar 21,926 42.45
SNP John Reid 3,898 7.55
Majority 3,898 7.55
Turnout 83.80
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Aberdeen South[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Lady Tweedsmuir 25,471 53.8
Labour Peter Muir Doig 17,349 36.6
Liberal Mrs. Elma T Dangerfield 4,558 9.6
Majority 8,122
Turnout 81.57
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1955: Aberdeen South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Lady Tweedsmuir 26,817 57.74
Labour C Hart 19,627 42.26
Majority 7,190 15.48
Turnout 81.07
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1951: Aberdeen South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Lady Tweedsmuir 28,947 58.75
Labour S Shaw 20,325 41.25
Majority 8,622 17.50
Turnout 82.69
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1950: Aberdeen South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Lady Tweedsmuir 26,128 53.68
Labour O Crutchley 17,302 35.54
Liberal Richard Thomas Pirie 5,248 10.78
Majority 8,826 18.13
Turnout 84.89
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

Aberdeen South by-election, 1946[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Lady Tweedsmuir 21,750
Labour Arthur J. Irvine 17,911
Majority 3,839
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1945: Aberdeen South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Douglas Thomson 19,214 46.73
Labour W McLaine 17,398 42.32
Liberal J L Milne 4,501 10.95
Majority 1,816 4.42
Turnout 72.20
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Aberdeen South[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir Douglas Thomson Bt 25,270 68.14
Labour G.R. McIntosh 11,817 31.86
Majority 13,453 36.27
Turnout 65.85
Unionist hold Swing
Aberdeen South by-election, 1935[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir Douglas Thomson Bt 20,925
Labour Joseph F. Duncan 10,760
Majority 10,165
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1931: Aberdeen South[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir Frederick Charles Thomson Bt KC 33,988 83.68
Labour G. Catto 6,627 16.32
Majority 27,361 67.37
Turnout 75.83
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1924: Aberdeen South[15]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Frederick C Thomson 16,092
Labour G. Archibald 10,699
General Election 1923: Aberdeen South[16]

Electorate 39,229

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Frederick C Thomson 11,258 47.3 -10.7
Labour John Paton 6,911 29.0 n/a
Liberal Sir Charles Edward Mallet 5,641 23.7 -18.3
General Election 1922: Aberdeen South[17]

Electorate 39,619

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Frederick C Thomson 13,208 58.0
Liberal Sir Charles Edward Mallet 9,573 42.0

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918: Aberdeen South[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Frederick Thomson 10,625
Liberal Sir John Fleming 3,535
Independent Prof. J. Robertson Watson 2,868
Aberdeen South by-election, 1917

Electorate 13,791

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir John Fleming 3,283 64.1
Independent Prof. J. Robertson Watson 1,507 29.4
Independent Frederick William Pethick-Lawrence 333 6.5
Majority 1,776 34.7
Turnout 37.1
Liberal hold Swing
General Election December 1910: Aberdeen South[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal George Birnie Esslemont 5,862
Conservative William C Smith KC 3,997
General Election January 1910: Aberdeen South[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal George Birnie Esslemont 6,749
Conservative Ronald McNeill 4,433

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

Aberdeen South by-election, 1907[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal George Birnie Esslemont 3,779
Conservative Ronald McNeill 3,412
Labour and Socialist F. Bramley 1,740
General Election 1906: Aberdeen South[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Rt Hon James Bryce 6,778
Liberal Unionist W.G. Black 2,334
General Election 1900: Aberdeen South[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Rt Hon James Bryce 4,238
Liberal Unionist William Charles Smith 3,830

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1895: Aberdeen South[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Rt Hon James Bryce 3,985
Liberal Unionist David Stewart 3,121

By-election, 23 August 1892 - James Bryce re-elected unopposed

General Election 1892: Aberdeen South[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Rt Hon James Bryce 3,513
Liberal Unionist James S.G. McCullagh 1,768
Independent Labour Henry Hyde Champion 991

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1886: Aberdeen South[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal James Bryce Unopposed N/A N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A
General Election 1885: Aberdeen South[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal James Bryce 3,548
Conservative Colin McKenzie 1,455

References[edit]

  1. ^ The boundaries of Holyrood constituencies remain as when the constituencies were created in 1999
    Holyrood refers to the fact that the Scottish Parliament Building is in the Holyrood area of Edinburgh
    See also Scottish Parliament constituencies and regions
  2. ^ Boundary Commission for Scotland website
    See also List of UK Parliamentary constituencies in Scotland
  3. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1889
  4. ^ a b c d Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885-1972 (ISBN 0-900178-09-4), F. W. S. Craig 1972
  5. ^ Crewe, Ivor (1983). British Parliamentary Constituencies - a statistical compendium. faber and faber. ISBN 0-571-13236-7. 
  6. ^ Aberdeen South, UKPollingReport
  7. ^ "BBC NEWS – Election 2010 – Aberdeen South". BBC News. 
  8. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010. 
  9. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1977
  10. ^ Whitaker's Almanack 1963
  11. ^ The Times, 28 November 1946
  12. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1939
  13. ^ The Times, 23 May 1935
  14. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1934
  15. ^ Oliver and Boyd's Edinburgh Almanack, 1927
  16. ^ The Times, 8 December 1923
  17. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  18. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1920
  19. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1916
  20. ^ The Times, 21 February 1907
  21. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1907
  22. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1901
  23. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1893
  24. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons and Judicial Bench, 1889