Aberffraw

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Coordinates: 53°11′17″N 4°27′47″W / 53.188°N 4.463°W / 53.188; -4.463

Aberffraw
Welsh: Aberffro
St. Beuno's Church, Aberffraw - geograph.org.uk - 156921.jpg
Saint Beuno's Church
Aberffraw is located in Anglesey
Aberffraw
Aberffraw
 Aberffraw shown within Anglesey
Population 608 (2001)
OS grid reference SH3568
Community Aberffraw
Principal area Anglesey
Ceremonial county Gwynedd
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town TŶ CROES
Postcode district LL63
Dialling code 01407
Police North Wales
Fire North Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament Ynys Môn
Welsh Assembly Ynys Môn
List of places
UK
Wales
Anglesey

Aberffraw (Welsh: Aberffro)[1][2] is a small village and community on the south west coast of the Isle of Anglesey (Welsh: Ynys Môn), in Wales, by the west bank of the River Ffraw. Access by road is by way of the A4080 and the nearest rail station is Bodorgan. In the early Middle Ages Aberffraw was the capital of the Kingdom of Gwynedd from c.860 AD until c.1170. Under the eponymous Aberffraw Dynasty it came to be the most important political centre in medieval Wales. The Llys remained the symbolic throne of the Kings of Gwynedd from the 9th century to the 13th century. The Royal Annals of Edward I of England show the Llys was dismantled in 1315 to provide building materials for nearby Beaumaris Castle.

...appeared to demonstrate the presence of a two-phase, round-angled, rectangular enclosure, at least 70m NNE-SSW, thought to represent a Roman military work, refurnished in the early medieval period as a llys (Princely court) enclosure; although a radio-carbon date centring on the period 27-387AD, appears to support this thesis, the identification of a Roman work is currently out of favour: the site of the llys, whose (partial?) dismantling is recorded in 1317, is regarded as uncertain: two sculptured heads, of apparent C13 style, are known from the village (White 1978): the putative curving angle of the enclosure has been suggested to hint at the former presence of a motte: excavations at the traditional site of the llys, about 650m to the WSW, recorded only C18 remains. Excavation, 1973-4 (White 1979) [1].

Aberffraw village[edit]

Aberffraw

At the 2001 census, Aberffraw had a population of 608,[3] of which 79.8% are able to speak Welsh (2001 Census). Attractions near Aberffraw village include Llyn Coron (a lake), Barclodiad y Gawres, a Neolithic burial chamber and the island of Cribinau with the 7th century church of Saint Cwyfan perched on top. The church still holds services in the summer and is sometimes used for weddings, with access by boat. The village has a sandy beach, which was awarded the Blue flag rural beach award in 2005, and is on the Anglesey Coastal Path. There is a post office in the village. St Beuno's Church, Aberffraw, dates from the 12th century and is a Grade II* listed building.[4]

In mythology[edit]

In Welsh mythology, Aberffraw features as the site of Branwen and Matholwch's wedding festival, where Efnysien maimed Matholwch's horses.[5]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Search: Aberffraw". Enwau Cymru. University of Wales. Retrieved 16 April 2013. 
  2. ^ Spelled variously in period sources, including Aberfrau.
  3. ^ "Parish Headcounts: Isle of Anglesey". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 16 April 2013. 
  4. ^ Cadw (2009). "Church of St Beuno". Historic Wales. Retrieved 12 October 2011. 
  5. ^ The Mabinogion: Branwen the Daughter of Llyr, translated by Lady Charlotte Guest. Online at www.sacred-texts.com.

Further reading[edit]

  • Davies, John. A History of Wales.

External links[edit]

Media related to Aberffraw at Wikimedia Commons