Abhayavapi

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Abhaya Wewa
අභය වැව
Location Anuradhapura
Coordinates 08°21′07.9″N 080°23′17.4″E / 8.352194°N 80.388167°E / 8.352194; 80.388167Coordinates: 08°21′07.9″N 080°23′17.4″E / 8.352194°N 80.388167°E / 8.352194; 80.388167
Type Artificial Reservoir
Built 400 BC[1][2]
Surface area 330 acres (130 ha; 0.52 sq mi)
Water volume 133,000,000 cu ft (3,800,000 m3)[2]

Abhayavapi (Sinhalese: අභයවාපි) or commonly Abhaya Wewa (Sinhalese: අභය වැව) is a lake built by King Pandukabhaya who ruled in Anuradhapura from 437 BC to 367 BC, after constructing the city.[3] This is now popularly known as Basawakkulama (Sinhalese: බසවක්කුලම) tank which is not the original name.[2]

Size[edit]

Area is 330 acres (130 ha; 0.52 sq mi); length of the Waw Kandiya (Sinhalese: වැව් කන්ඩිය English: embankment) is 5,910 feet (1.119 mi) and height is 22 feet (6.7 m). Width of the top of the embankment is 6 feet (1.8 m) to 8 feet (2.4 m).[1][2]

Purpose[edit]

Built inside the ancient Anuradhapura, it supplied water to then city population.[1][2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "King Pandukabhaya (437 BC – 367 BC)". mahavamsa.org. Retrieved 2012-04-03. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Brohier, R.L. (2000) [1965]. Seeing Ceylon (4th ed.). Sooriya Publishers, Colombo. pp. 353–362. 
  3. ^ "Anuradhapura Sri Lanka". Urlaub SriLanka. Retrieved 2012-04-03.