Abida Parveen

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Abida Parveen
Abida Parveen.png
Parveen in Coke Studio in 2010.
Background information
Birth name Abida Parveen
Also known as Queen of Sufi Music, Abida ji
Born 1954
Origin Larkana, Sindh, Pakistan
Genres Kafi
Ghazal
Qawwali
Occupation(s) Singer
musician
entrepreneur
Instruments Vocals
Harmonium
Percussions
Years active 1973–Present
Associated acts Coke Studio,
Jahan-e-Khusrau,
Bulleh Shah

Abida Parveen (Sindhi: عابده پروين), is a Pakistani singer of Sindhi descent and one of the foremost exponents of Sufi music (Sufiana kalaam). She is held as one of the world's greatest singers.[1] She sings mainly ghazals and her forte, Kafis, a solo genre accompanied by percussion and harmonium, using a repertoire of songs by Sufi poets.[2] Parveen sings in Urdu, Sindhi, Saraiki, Punjabi and Persian. She is arguably considered one of the finest Sufi vocalists of the modern era with a career spanning over four decades.[3][4][5][6] Parveen is best known for her songs Yaar ko Humne from the album Raqs-e-Bismil and Tere Ishq Nachaya which is a rendition of Bulleh Shah's poetry.[7] She was a judge on the musical show Sur Kshetra. Pakistan's second highest civilian award the Hilal-e-Imtiaz has been bestowed upon her.

Early life[edit]

Parveen was born in mohalla Ali Goharabad in Larkana, Sindh, Pakistan.[3] She received her musical training initially from her father, Ustad Ghulam Haider, whom she refers as Baba Sain and Gawwaya. He had his own musical school where Parveen got her devotional inspiration from. She and her father would often perform at shrines of Sufi Saints. Parveen's talent compelled her father to choose her as his musical heir over his two sons. Growing up, she attended her father's music school, where her foundation in music was laid.[8][9] Later Ustad Salamat Ali Khan of the Sham Chorasia gharana also taught and nurtured her. Parveen remembers that she was never forced towards this occupation and she sang her first complete kalam when she was 3 years old.

Career[edit]

Parveen at her concert in Oslo, 2007
  • In early 1970s Parveen had already begun performing at Dargahs and Urs.
  • Parveen embarked upon her professional career from Radio Pakistan, Hyderabad, in 1973.
  • Her first hit was the Sindhi song Tuhinje zulfan jay band kamand widha.
  • In 1977 she was introduced as an official singer of Radio Pakistan. From then Parveen has risen to exceptional prominence and is considered one of the finest vocals.
  • She brought Sufi Music to a new level and gave it a new identity marking the beginning of this journey at Sultana Siddiqui's AwazoAndaz in 1980.
  • Her first US tour was in 1993 and she has since traveled across the world to perform at sold-out venues. Parveen tours frequently and is highly famous in the West.[10] Parveen cites her reason for travelling is spreading Sufism, Peace and the Divine Message.
  • Her fame traveled through Pakistan and across the seas, and she toured USA, UK, and France between 1985 and 1988.
  • Her 1988 performance in Chicago was recorded by the Hazrat Amir Khusrau Society of Art and Culture, which issued a long-play record of her renderings.
  • Her 1989 performance in London's Wembly Conference Hall was recorded by the British Broadcasting Corporation and aired for an hour.
  • In the 1990s Parveen licensed her spiritual ghazals to Bollywood, since her "spiritual brother", Khan, recorded songs for Bollywood films. Recently Abida also performed at the Sindh Festival in Thatta.
  • She has represented Pakistan before masses and has performed for huge audiences worldwide.[11]
  • In 2007 Parveen collaborated with Shehzad Roy for a song, Zindagi, dedicated to social problems regarding children.[12]
  • In 2008, Parveen performed at the Sufi Festival in New York at the Asia Society to promote Pakistani culture and mutual peace.
  • Parveen performs yearly at Muzaffar Ali's Jahan-e-Khusrau and is reputed as the grand performer of the event.
  • in 2010 she judged the Indo-Pak venture Sur Kshetra.
  • Abida tours frequently. She remembers that people line up extremely early for her concert and there arealredy thousands of people present when there is plenty time for the show to start.[13] Her famous trips include Oslo, Mauritius and Singapore. Her most recent trip is the Temporum concert in Amsterdam on 6 June 2014.

Coke Studio[edit]

Parveen recording Soz-e-Ishq.

Abida performed on the internationally acclaimed Pakistani show Coke Studio Season 3, in 2010 on which she sang three songs: Ramooz-e-Ishq, Nigah-e-Darwaishaan, and Soz-e-Ishqin Episode 1(Reason), 3 (Conception) and 5 (Realization) respectively. Parveen said she admired it a lot as it offered a Dargahi Environment.

"This project which Rohail Hyatt has started is indeed great and I would like to be a part of it for a long time. The music that comes out of this project reaches both the heart and soul and it always compliments the lyrics without overriding the true message of the kalams. This platform builds on those messages of our Sufi elders." Parveen in an interview.[14]

She is invited by coke studio for season 7 in 2014. She sang "Mein Sufi Hoon" with Ustaad Raees Khan and perform "dost" as a solo.

Personal life[edit]

Marital relation[edit]

In 1975 Abida married Ghulam Hussain Sheikh, senior producer at Radio Pakistan, who retired from his job in 1980s to manage and mentor Parveen's career. After he died of a heart attack on an international flight in the early 2000s, her daughter Maryam took up the role. There is a sense that Parveen's career has taken a more commercial route as a result.[10] The couple has two daughters Pereha Ikram, an MBA and Marium Hussain who act as her advisors and a son, Saranj.[11] Her family understands her need for riyaz and space.[13]

A.P. Gallery[edit]

Parveen also owns a business A.P. Gallery which features jewellery, arts her music and garments and is run by her daughters.[15] Its first anniversary was marked by the launch of Parveen's latest album Ru-e-Ali.

Clothing style[edit]

Parveen has a distinct clothing style which she has created out of ease and comfort. She wears long simple frocks buttoned up to the top covered with a coat. She is always accompanied by an ajrak, a sindhi duppatta,which she claims come from the dargah of Shah Bhitthai and her wardrobe are full of it. Parveen always lets her curly hair untied.

Other[edit]

  • Parveen is a huge fan of paintings.
  • Parveen has taken Bayyat and became a disciple of Najeeb Sultan.
  • Parveen has become a heart patient after receiving heart attack during a performance in Lahore on 28 November 2010. Angiography and Angioplasty was performed on her.Subsequently she regained health soon after.

Awards[edit]

Parveen with the Pushto singer Fazal Malik Akif in Manchester, 1994.

Accolades[edit]

Laurels[edit]

  • Atif Aslam paid tribute to Parveen. He also declared himself her biggest fan.
  • Sanam Marvi has paid tribute to her.
  • Rabbi Shergill named her as his inspirational music icon.
  • She has been dubbed as the Uncrowned Empress of Sufi Music and Undisputed Sufi Queen.

Filmography[edit]

Although Parveen is a highly acclaimed singer, she has never rendered her voice to films. Her pre-recorded songs have been used, however. Now she has agreed to lend her voice to films on insistence of her fans and Farooq Mengal. Parveen appears less in interviews and morning shows due to her shy personality. Parveen confesses that she keeps getting offers from Bollywood namely Subash Ghai and Yash Chopra but she keeps declining them as she has immersed herself in Sufism and it is time consuming to spread the Divine Message.[18] She even got offers from ShahRukh Khan for Ra.One and A.R.Rehman has offered her songs too.[19]

Television[edit]

Year Show Role Notes
1980 Awaz-o-Andaz Performer aired on PTV
2009 Nara-e-Mastana Performer Concert sponsored and aired by Hum
2010 Chotte Ustad Guest Judge with Ghulam Ali Eid Celebration
2012 Sur Kshetra Judge Representing Pakistan
2012 Shehr-e-Zaat OST Singer for Yaar ko Humne Pre-recorded from album Raqs-e-Bismil
2012 Jhalak Dikhhla Jaa Special appearance with Runa Laila To promote Sur Kshetra
2012 1st Hum Awards Performer Sang Naraye Mastana
2014 Pakistan Idol Guest Judge Grand Finale
2014 Zee Channel Singer Upcoming New Channel
2014 Sama-e-Ishq Performer Concert aired on Hum TV

Films[edit]

Year Film Song Notes
2008 Zill-e-Shah Sajjan de Haath Pre-recorded
2013 Ishq Khuda Title Track Pre-recorded
Winner-1st ARY Film Awards for Best Playback Singer
2014 Hijrat Announced Farooq Mengal debutante directorial
2015 Raabta Announced Farooq Mengal Film

Discography[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Madhumita Dutta (2008). Let's Know Music and Musical Instruments of India. p. 56. ISBN 9781905863297. 
  2. ^ Singer with the knock-out effect: Abida Parveen is one of the world's great singers – even if you can't understand her, By Peter Culshaw, The Telegraph, 15 Sep 2001.
  3. ^ a b The Hypnotic Voice of Abida Parveen The Daily Star, 16 July 2004.
  4. ^ Ecstasy In Songs Of the Sufi By Neil Strauss, New York Times, 15 October 1996.
  5. ^ MYSTICAL SINGER'S MUSIC IS THE MESSAGE By Mary Talbot, Daily News, 11 October 1996.
  6. ^ Abida Parveen World music: the basics, by Richard Nidel. Routledge, 2005. ISBN 0-415-96800-3. p.247.
  7. ^ Anna S. King, J. L. Brockington (2005). The Intimate Other: Love Divine in Indic Religions. Orient Blackswan. p. 358. ISBN 9788125028017. 
  8. ^ Begum Abida Parveen sings dil se TNN, The Times of India, 17 June 2003.
  9. ^ http://sindhiaudio.blogspot.com/2007/08/abida-parveen-biography.html
  10. ^ a b http://www.theguardian.com/music/2013/jul/08/abida-parveen-sufi-singer-passion
  11. ^ a b http://www.travel-culture.com/pakistan/music/abida-parveen.shtml
  12. ^ http://sonyarehman.wordpress.com/2007/07/19/shehzad-roy-and-abida-parveen-collaborate-for-a-cause/
  13. ^ a b http://fuchsia.com.sg/?p=5503
  14. ^ http://www.forumpakistan.com/abida-parveen-profile-interview-and-pictures-t57031.html
  15. ^ http://tribune.com.pk/story/411142/a-store-thats-jewellery-will-set-it-apart
  16. ^ http://tribune.com.pk/story/525517/recognition-president-zardari-confers-top-civil-awards
  17. ^ http://dawn.com/2012/10/09/india-honours-abida-parveen-with-life-time-achievement-award/
  18. ^ http://www.thaindian.com/newsportal/south-asia/bollywood-can-wait-abida-parveen-interview_100456305.html>
  19. ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/entertainment/hindi/music/news-and-interviews/Abida-Parveen-and-Runa-Laila-to-spread-love-in-India/articleshow/16049861.cms

External links[edit]