|Branch of Veitch's Fir|
Veitch's fir (Abies veitchii; シラビソ or シラベ shirabiso or shirabe), also known as Veitch's silver fir, is a fir native to Japan on the islands of Honshū and Shikoku. It lives in moist soils in cool wet mountain forests at elevations of 1500–2800 m. It is very shade-tolerant when young, but is not long-lived.
It is a coniferous evergreen tree growing at a fast rate to 25–30 m tall. The crown is narrowly conical with horizontal branches and pubescent shoots. The shoots are pubescent, with short brown hairs. The leaves are needle-like and flattened, 1–3 cm long and 2 mm broad. They are glossy dark green above with two conspicuous bluish white stomatal bands underneath, and the tips are notched. The foliage is dense and points forward along the shoot, with the inner leaves being shorter and more erect than the lower leaves. The cone is purple-brown, cylindrical, 4–7 cm long and tapers slightly. The cones are upright and have slightly exserted and reflexed yellow-green bracts. The bark is smooth and light grey, and has resin blisters characteristic of many firs.
There are two varieties:
- Abies veitchii var. veitchii. Endemic on Honshū;
secure. Shoots densely pubescent. Leaves 1.5–3 cm long; stomatal bands bluish white.
- Abies veitchii var. sikokiana (Nakai) Kusaka. Endemic on Shikoku; NT. Shoots thinly pubescent. Leaves 1–2 cm long; stomatal bands white. In many respects intermediate between var. veitchii and Abies koreana, it has been treated as a distinct species Abies sikokiana by some authors.
- The indie rock band Pain(t) by Numbers wrote a song titled "Japtree" in which Veitch's fir is described in a playfully scientific manner.
- Katsuki, T., Rushforth, K. & Zhang, D. (2011). "Abies veitchii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
- Liu, T. S. (1971). A Monograph of the genus Abies. National Taiwan University.
- Coombes, J. Allen (1992). Eyewitness Handbooks: Trees. London & New York: Dorling Kindersley.
- Gymnosperm Database - Abies veitchii
- Abies veitchii - UConn Plant Database
- Abies veitchii - Plants For A Future database report
- Conifers Around the World: Abies veitchii - Veitch Fir.