Abihka

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Abihka was one of the four mother towns of the Muscogee Creek confederacy. It is now a ceremonial ground in Okmulgee County, Oklahoma. Abihka is also sometimes used to refer to all Upper Creek (or Muscogee) peoples.

History[edit]

Origins[edit]

The Abihka were the remnants of the 16th century "Chiefdom of Coosa."[1] A remnant of the Natchez people settled with the Abihka after being dispersed by the French in the 18th century.

Etymology[edit]

The name "Abihka" (meaning unknown), is sometimes used to refer to all the Upper Creek peoples.

Territory[edit]

The members of the Abihka were Upper Creek Indians. Their main place of residence was along the banks of the Coosa and Alabama rivers,[2] in what is now Talladega County, Alabama.[3] Besides the town of Abihka, the Creek had established other important towns in their territory: Abihkutchi, Tuckabutche, Talladega, Coweta, and Kan-tcati.

Ceremonial grounds[edit]

After the removal to the Indian Territory, refugees from the Abihka mother-town established a ceremonial stomp dance ground which they call Abihka (or sometimes, Arbeka). It is located near Henryetta, Oklahoma.[4]

Alice Brown Davis and her husband, George Rollin Davis, operated a trading post, post office, general store and the Bar X Bar ranch in Arbeka together until George's death. She succeeded him as postmistress in the 1890s.[5]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Waselkov and Smith; Upper Creek Archaeology; p. 244.
  2. ^ Encyclopedia of North American Indians —Creek (Muskogee); retrieved Sept 8, 2010.
  3. ^ Isham, Theodore; and Blue, Clark; Creek (Mvskoke) "Oklahoma Historical Society's Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture;" retrieved Aug 20, 2012.
  4. ^ Nabokov and Easton; p. 109.
  5. ^ Rechenda Davis Bates, "Alice Brown Davis", Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, accessed 18 April 2013

References[edit]

  • Nabokov, Peter and Robert Easton; Native American Architecture.; New York; The Oxford University Press; 1989; ISBN 978-0-19-506665-4.
  • Swanton, John R.; The Indians of the Southeastern United States; United States Government Printing Office; Washington, DC; 1946; p. 81-82.
  • Waselkov, Gregory A.; and Smith, Marvin T.; Upper Creek Archaeology; referenced in McEwan, Bonnie G.; edition Indians of the Greater Southeast: Historical Archaeology and Ethnohistory; Gainesville; University of Florida Press; 2000; p. 244.