Abitibi—Baie-James—Nunavik—Eeyou

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Abitibi—Baie-James—Nunavik—Eeyou
Flag of Quebec.svg Quebec electoral district
Nunavik-Eeyou.png
Abitibi—Baie-James—Nunavik—Eeyou in relation to other Quebec federal electoral districts
Federal electoral district
Legislature House of Commons
MP
 
 
 
Roméo Saganash
New Democratic
District created 2003
First contested 2004
Last contested 2011
District webpage profile, map
Demographics
Population (2011)[1] 84,659
Electors (2011) 57,492
Area (km²)[2] 767,417.31
Pop. density (per km²) 0.11
Census divisions Jamésie Territory, Kativik Regional Government, La Vallée-de-l'Or RCM
Census subdivisions Chapais, Chibougamau, Chisasibi, Lebel-sur-Quévillon, Malartic, Matagami, Mistissini, Senneterre, Val-d'Or

Abitibi—Baie-James—Nunavik—Eeyou (formerly known as Abitibi, Abitibi—Baie-James—Nunavik, and Nunavik—Eeyou) is a federal riding in the province of Quebec, Canada, that have been represented in the Canadian House of Commons since 1966.

"Abitibi" was created in 1966, and renamed "Abitibi—Baie-James—Nunavik". It was abolished in 2003, and most of its territory was incorporated into "Nunavik—Eeyou", which was renamed "Abitibi—Baie-James—Nunavik—Eeyou" in 2004.

Geography[edit]

Abitibi—Baie-James—Nunavik—Eeyou consists of:

  • the Regional County Municipality of Vallée-de-l'Or, including: Lac-Simon Indian Reserve; the Indian Settlement of Grand-Lac Victoria;
  • the Equivalent Territory of Jamésie, including: the Cree villages and reserved lands of Chisasibi, Eastmain, Mistissini, Nemiscau, Waskaganish, Waswanipi and Wemindji; the Indian Settlement of Oujé-Bougoumou, excepting that part of the Municipality of Baie-James lying southerly of latitude 50°00′ N and westerly of longitude 79°00′ W; and
  • the Territory of the Kativik Regional Government, including the Cree village and reserved land of Whapmagoostui; the Nordic village municipalities of Akulivik, Aupaluk, Inukjuak, Ivujivik, Kangiqsualujjuaq, Kangiqsujuaq, Kangirsuk, Kuujjuaq, Kuujjuarapik, Puvirnituq, Quaqtaq, Salluit, Tasiujaq and Umiujaq; the Naskapi Village Municipality of Kawawachikamach.

The neighbouring ridings are Timmins—James Bay, Nunavut, Labrador, Manicouagan, Chicoutimi—Le Fjord, Roberval—Lac-Saint-Jean, Saint-Maurice—Champlain, Pontiac, and Abitibi—Témiscamingue.

Abitibi—Baie-James—Nunavik—Eeyou contains more than half of Quebec's total landmass. As such, it is the largest riding in a Canadian province, and the third largest in the country after the territorial ridings of Nunavut and Western Arctic.

History[edit]

Abitibi riding was created in 1966 from parts of Chapleau and Saguenay electoral districts. In 1976, parts of Villeneuve were incorporated. The electoral district's name was changed in 1998 to "Abitibi—Baie-James—Nunavik".

In the 2003 re-distribution, Abitibi—Baie-James—Nunavik was abolished. A new riding, "Nunavik—Eeyou", was created with substatilly the same territory as Abitibi—Baie-James—Nunavik. Parts of Manicouagan and Roberval ridings were added, while a part was lost to Abitibi—Témiscamingue. Its name was changed to "Abitibi—Baie-James—Nunavik—Eeyou" after the 2004 election.

This riding has elected the following Members of Parliament:

Parliament Years Member Party
Chapleau and Saguenay prior to 1968
Abitibi
28th 1968–1971     Gérard Laprise Ralliement créditiste
1971–1972 Social Credit
29th 1972–1974
30th 1974–1979
31st 1979–1980     Armand Caouette Social Credit
32nd 1980–1984     René Gingras Liberal
33rd 1984–1988     Guy St-Julien Progressive Conservative
34th 1988–1993
35th 1993–1997     Bernard Deshaies Bloc Québécois
36th 1997–2000     Guy St-Julien Liberal
Abitibi—Baie-James—Nunavik
37th 2000–2004     Guy St-Julien Liberal
Nunavik—Eeyou
38th 2004–2006     Yvon Lévesque Bloc Québécois
Abitibi—Baie-James—Nunavik—Eeyou
39th 2006–2008     Yvon Lévesque Bloc Québécois
40th 2008–2011
41st 2011–present     Roméo Saganash New Democratic

Election results[edit]

Abitibi—Baie-James—Nunavik—Eeyou, 2004 - present[edit]

Canadian federal election, 2011
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
New Democratic Roméo Saganash 13,961 44.79 +36.59
Conservative Jean-Maurice Matte 7,089 22.74 -7.63
Bloc Québécois Yvon Lévesque 5,615 18.02 -21.63
Liberal Léandre Gervais 3,282 10.53 -7.89
Green Johnny Kasudluak 1,221 3.92 +0.58
Total valid votes/Expense limit 31,168 100.00
Total rejected ballots 480 1.51
Turnout 31,684 53.69
     New Democratic Party gain from Bloc Québécois Swing +29.11

Source: Elections Canada Source: The Gazette Popular Cree leader running for NDP Source: Nunatsiaq News Nunavik voters face two ballots in one week

Canadian federal election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Bloc Québécois Yvon Lévesque 10,995 39.65 -6.91 $63,715
Conservative Jean-Maurice Matte 8,442 30.37 +9.43 $76,072
Liberal Mark Canada 5,108 18.42 -3.97 $16,924
New Democratic Erica Martin 2,276 8.20 +2.15
Green Patrick Rancourt 928 3.34 -0.69
Total valid votes/Expense limit 27,749 100.00 $96,336
     Bloc Québécois hold Swing -8.17
Canadian federal election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Bloc Québécois Yvon Lévesque 13,928 46.56 +1.33 $67,066
Liberal Armand Caouette 6,700 22.40 −20.77 $31,110
Conservative Gilles Gagnon 6,261 20.93 +16.39 $7,272
New Democratic Dominique Vaillancourt 1,810 6.05 +2.11
Green Pierre Denis 1,210 4.04 +0.95 $0
Total valid votes/Expense limit 29,909 100.00 $89,323
     Bloc Québécois hold Swing +11.05

Nunavik—Eeyou, 2003 - 2004[edit]

Canadian federal election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Bloc Québécois Yvon Lévesque 12,578 45.23 +2.5 $72,518
Liberal Guy St-Julien 12,006 43.17 -6.8 $52,505
Conservative François Dionne 1,265 4.54 -1.2 $3,420
New Democratic Pierre Corbeil 1,097 3.94 +2.5 $
Green Martin Fournier 862 3.09 $
Total valid votes/Expense limit 27,808 100.00 $87,366

Note: Conservative vote is compared to the total of the Canadian Alliance vote and Progressive Conservative vote in 2000 election.

Abitibi—Baie-James—Nunavik, 2000 - 2004[edit]

Canadian federal election, 2000
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Guy St-Julien 18,198 50.0 +6.2
Bloc Québécois François Lemieux 15,567 42.8 +5.9
Alliance François Dionne 1,297 3.6
Progressive Conservative Sylvain Gemme 809 2.2 -14.8
New Democratic Daniel Fredrick 534 1.5 -0.9
Total valid votes 36,405 100.0

Abitibi, 1968 - 2000[edit]

Canadian federal election, 1997
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Guy St-Julien 16,803 43.7 +27.5
Bloc Québécois Jeannot Couture 14,168 36.9 -9.0
Progressive Conservative Armand Caouette 6,531 17.0 -18.6
New Democratic Claudette Paquin 909 2.4 +0.1
Total valid votes 38,411 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1993
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Bloc Québécois Bernard Deshaies 18,876 45.9
Progressive Conservative Guy St-Julien 14,651 35.6 -21.9
Liberal Lucie Blais 6,666 16.2 0.0
New Democratic Louise Cloutier 951 2.3 -24.0
Total valid votes 41,144 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1988
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative Guy St-Julien 22,254 57.6 +5.6
New Democratic Gerry Lemoyne 10,161 26.3 -1.7
Liberal Normand Michaud 6,251 16.2 +8.2
Total valid votes 38,666 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1984
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative Guy St-Julien 23,230 52.0 +47.4
Liberal René Gingras 12,525 28.0 -23.0
New Democratic Royal Tremblay 3,583 8.0 +2.1
Rhinoceros Robert Hamelin 2,264 5.1
Parti nationaliste Georges Caron 1,925 4.3
Social Credit Alphonse Leduc 1,179 2.6 -31.8
Total valid votes 44,706 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1980
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal René Gingras 22,050 51.1 +17.8
Social Credit Armand Caouette 14,881 34.5 -10.9
New Democratic Royal Tremblay 2,553 5.9 +2.9
Progressive Conservative Marius Gauthier 1,982 4.6 -7.4
Independent Myriam Bouchard 1,00 82.3
Union populaire Martine Dion 416 1.0 +0.2
Marxist–Leninist Fernand Deschamps 300 0.7 +0.2
Total valid votes 43,190 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1979
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Social Credit Armand Caouette 21,387 45.4 -11.2
Liberal Ronald Tetrault 15,697 33.3 +1.2
Progressive Conservative Jean-Jacques Martel 5,652 12.0 +6.5
Rhinoceros Doris St-Pierre 1,425 3.0
New Democratic Maurice Vaney 1,420 3.0 -1.7
Independent Zebedee Nungak 986 2.1
Union populaire Judith Desjardins 344 0.7
Marxist–Leninist Jean Letourneau 233 0.5
Total valid votes 47,144 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1974
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Social Credit Gérard Laprise 12,423 56.5 0.9
Liberal Marcel Gagnon 7,046 32.1 -4.5
Progressive Conservative Robert Johnson 1,199 5.5 -2.3
New Democratic Léon Guenette 1,031 4.7
Independent Yves Limoges 282 1.3
Total valid votes 21,981 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1972
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Social Credit Gérard Laprise 12,482 55.7 +0.7
Liberal Marcel Bergeron 8,203 36.6 +3.2
Progressive Conservative Paul-Emile Gelinas 1,739 7.8 -1.3
Total valid votes 22,424 100.0

Note: Social Credit vote is compared to Ralliement créditiste vote in the 1968 election.

Canadian federal election, 1968
Party Candidate Votes %
Ralliement créditiste Gérard Laprise 10,884 55.0
Liberal André Lavigne 6,606 33.4
Progressive Conservative Marc Parent 1,796 9.1
New Democratic J.-Gérald Leonard 515 2.6
Total valid votes 19,801 100.0

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Riding history from the Library of Parliament:

Notes[edit]

Coordinates: 57°48′N 72°54′W / 57.80°N 72.90°W / 57.80; -72.90