|This article needs additional citations for verification. (September 2009)|
|• Total||127.97 km2 (49.41 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||100 m (300 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||90 m (300 ft)|
|• Density||120/km2 (320/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Area code||+36 53|
Abony is a town in the south-east of Pest County, between the Danube and Tisza rivers. It is 16 km (10 mi) from Cegléd and 85 km (53 mi) from Budapest, at an elevation of 90 to 100 m (300 to 330 ft). The area is on the River Tisza's wide floodplain which approximates 13,000 hectares (32,000 acres). Its rich black soil contains some sand.
- There are some archaeological finds from the 7th and 8th centuries.
- The village was part of the shire county of Szolnok in the 13th century.
- The first known record of the village is in 1450 as Aban.
- In 1474, Balázs Magyar, his daughter Benigna Magyar and later her husband Pál Kinizsi owned the land.
- In 1515, István Werbőczy was given the village as a donation.
- In 1552, it came under Turkish rule, and during the next century it suffered almost complete destruction.
- At the beginning of 18th century, the village's population was growing, and in 1748 became a small town.
- On 25 January, 1849, Mór Perczel led the Hungarian troops to win near Abony as part of the Hungarian War of Independence.
Lajos Abonyi, a writer who lived in Abony, recorded a famous folk-song "In Nagyabony there are only two towers" from Zoltán Kodály's Braggadocio. In the song Nagyabony means this village. There is another Nagyabony in Slovakia, called in Slovak Veľké Blahovo. The song's tune is from Slovakia.
The local economy is mainly based on agriculture: most people are crop farmers, but some grow grapes and fruit.
- Lajos Abonyi Folk Museum and granary
- Harkányi Castle
- Roman Catholic church
- United Reformed Church[clarification needed]
- Talián family mausoleum
- Family seats: Kostyán, Lavatka, Szapáry, Kisvigyázó (castle), Vigyázó, Ajtay, Sivó, Teszáry
- János Varga, (Abony 21 October 1939 – ), Olympic champion wrestler.
- Gyula Háy (Abony 5 May 1900 – Ascona, Switzerland 7 May 1975), dramatist and poet.
- Artúr Balogh (Abony 18 March 1866 – Cluj-Napoca 4 March 1951), Hungarian lawyer, university professor, politician, and member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
Twin towns — sister cities
Abony is twinned with:
- Street map (Hungarian)
- Aerial photographs of Abony
- Lajos Abonyi folk museum
- Abony at szeporszag.hu
- Abony at lap.hu
|This Pest County location article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|