Abortion in Armenia has been legal since November 23, 1955, when Armenia was a republic of the Soviet Union; the current abortion legislation dates from May 2002. It allows for pregnancies to be ended on request by the mother until the twelfth week and for medical and social reasons until the twenty-second week with a doctor's approval. Traditionally, abortion has been used as a manner of birth control in Armenia and the number of maternal deaths from abortion complications used to be very high (between 10 and 20% in 2000). After massive reforms, the number of deaths declined to 5% in 2005.
In 2009, 23.2% of pregnancies in Armenia ended in abortion, a slight rise from the all-time low recorded in 2004 (22.1%).