Abr Ahasani Gunnauri

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Abr Ahsani Gunnauri
ابر احسنی گنّوری
Born Ahmed Baksh
Gunnaur, India in 1897
Died November 8, 1973(1973-11-08)
Gunnaur, India
Nationality Indian
Occupation Lecturer, Oriental College, Rampur

Abr Ahsani Gunnauri (ابر احسنی گنّوری) was a Urdu ghazal and nazm writer cast in the classical mould of the Daagh School of Urdu poetry, and a much respected literary critic. He was a disciple of Ahasan Maarharvi who was a disciple of Mirza Khan Daagh Dehlvi. He had a direct influence on more than a hundred of poets and belonged to the Baha'i faith, for instance writing poems in honor of Tahirih.[1]

Biography[edit]

Abr Ahasani Gunnauri, whose real name was Ahmed Baksh, was born in 1897 at Gunnaur, Dist. Badaun, Uttar Pradesh, India, as the son of Nabi Baksh who was a Zamindar of Gunnaur. In 1953 he retired from the service of Oriental College, Rampur, where he taught Urdu and Persian. After retirement he returned to Gunnaur where he was brutally murdered on 8 November 1973 by unknown and untraced assailants.[2]

Literary life[edit]

Abr Ahasani commenced writing Urdu poetry at the age of nine years when he wrote a Naat in the ghazal form. In his early days he consulted Munshi Sakhawat Hussain Sakha Shahjahanpuri but later on became a disciple of Ahasan Maarharvi. From 1947 to 1953 he had also published and edited the Monthly Ahasan, Rampur.[2]

Thus far, three collections of his ghazals viz. Nageene (1952), Qareene (1963) and Khazeene (1971) have been published. A collection of his nazms titled Safeene was published in 1952.[2] A few nazms written by him are also included in Khazeene. In addition thereto he had also penned critical work titled Meri Islaahen in two volumes, the first volume of this work was published in 1956 and the second volume, in 1966, Earlier, in 1949 his critical work, Islah ul islah, which was in response to Dastur ul islah (1940) written by Seemab Akbarabadi, was published that had made him famous in the Urdu world.[2]

Prominent amongst the disciples of Abr Ahasani are[3] – Dr. Fareed Siddiqui Rampuri (author of " Aayina-e- Rampur", "Jagtey Khwab","Shaqqul-Qamar"), Shauq Asari Rampuri, Taskheer Fehami, Masoodah Hayat (author of Buye Suman 1981),[4] Parkash Nath Parvez,[5] Saefi Premi (author of Ismail Meeruthi, hayat aur khidmat)[6] and Unwan Chishti.[7]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Islah ul islah (1949)
  • Nageene (1952)
  • Safeene (1952)
  • Meri Islaahen Volume 1 (1956)
  • Qareene (1963)
  • Meri Islaahen Volume 2 (1966)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sabir Afaqi. Sabir AfaqiTáhirih in History: Perspectives on Qurratuʼl-ʻAyn from East and West. Kalimat Press. p. 34. 
  2. ^ a b c d Zaviyaha e nigaah. p. 51. 
  3. ^ Zia Fatehabadi. Zaviyaha e nigaah. Bazm e Seemab. p. 52. 
  4. ^ "Universal Digital Library". 
  5. ^ "Chandigarh Stories". The Tribune, Chandigarh. 2004-08-30. Retrieved 2012-08-05. 
  6. ^ Encyclopaedia of Indian Literature. p. 1753. 
  7. ^ "Iftikhar ul-Hasan Unwan Chishti". Open Library. 2008-10-18. Retrieved 2012-08-05.