Abraam, Bishop of Faiyum

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Saint Abraam
StAbram icon.jpg
Bishop of Faiyum and Giza
Born 1829
Gilda, Mallawi, Egypt
Died 10 June 1914
Faiyum, Egypt
Honored in
Coptic Orthodox Church
Canonized 1964
Major shrine St. Abraam Coptic Orthodox Monastery - Fayyum, Egypt
Feast 3 Paoni

Saint Abram (1829 – 10 June 1914) was a contemporary Coptic Orthodox saint. He was the Bishop of Faiyum and Giza, and was also known as the Friend of the Poor.

Biography[edit]

Bishop Abram was born Boulos (Paul) Gabriel in 1545 A.M. (1829 AD), in the village of Gilda, district of Mallawi, in the Minya Governorate.[1]

At the age of eight, Boulos' mother died after a brief illness. At the age of fifteen the village priests recommended him to Bishop Youssab (Joseph), the Bishop of the Diocese, who ordained him as a deacon. Boulos joined the Monastery of the Most Holy Virgin Mary, known as El-Muharraq Monastery in Assiut, where he was ordained monk in 1848, at the age of nineteen.[1] His monastic name became Father Paul El-Muharraqi.

Father Paul was distinguished by his patience and self-control, and his interest in almsgiving.[2] Metropolitan Yakoubos (Jakob) heard about him and asked him to come to the Metropolitanate to continue his work with the poor. After four years, he asked to return to the monastery. The Metropolitan ordained him a priest and allowed him to return to the monastery in 1863.

Father Paul then became abbot of the El-Muharraq Monastery. The number of new monks exceeded forty within a short period of time. The monastery became a refuge for the poor people of the community, whom he aided unreservedly by the use of its income. In the long run, the monks became dissatisfied with his ways, which they considered as sheer dissipation of the fortunes of the monastery. They complained to Anba Marcus, archbishop of Beheira and acting patriarchal deputy after the decease of Demetrius II, who decided to relieve him from the headship of al-Muharraq. [2]

Father Paul was deposed by Metropolitan Marcos in 1870. Shortly after this, Father Paul left Al Muharraq Monastery and went to the Paromeos Monastery. Four monks from Al Muharraq Monastery accompanied him. The abbot of the Paromeos Monastery, at that time, was arch-priest Youhanna (John) the Scribe, who later became Pope Cyril V of Alexandria.

In 1597 A.M. (1881 A.D.), Pope Cyril V appointed Father Paul Bishop to the parish of Fayoum and Giza, carrying the name of Bishop Abram, and replacing its reposed Bishop Isaak.

Bishop Abram departed on 3 Paoni 1630 A.M. (10 June 1914 AD). Some twenty five thousand persons attended his funeral, both Christians and Muslims. He was buried in a grave he had prepared himself. His body is preserved at the Coptic Orthodox Metropolitanate of Fayoum, in Egypt.

In 1964, the The Holy Synod of the Coptic Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria canonized Bishop Abram as a saint, and decided to add his name to those of the saints mentioned in the Diptych of the Saints during the Divine Liturgy.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Coptic Orthodox Synaxarium (Book of Saints)
  2. ^ a b Atiya, Aziz S. The Coptic Encyclopedia. New York: Macmillan Publishing Co., 1991. ISBN 0-02-897025-X. [1]


External links[edit]