Abraham (died c. 360) is an abbot and saint of the Coptic Church, and by extension all of the Oriental Orthodox Churches. His feast day in the calendar of saints of the Coptic Church is February 12.
He was born in Farshut, near the modern city of Hiww. His parents, who were Christians and locally important figures, died when Abraham was twelve. The next year, Abraham tried unsuccessfully to persuade his sister to retain her virginity.
Thereafter, Abraham left to join the monastery of Pachomius. This monastery was at the time under the direction of Pshintbahse. There Abraham devoted himself to trying to achieve the monastic ideals.
Abraham was elected abbot of the monastery on the death of Pshintbahse. Shortly thereafter, Justinian I requested that Abraham be brought to Constantinople, in an attempt to bring those monks who still rejected the decision of the Council of Chalcedon into communion with the greater church. The exact time of this event is unknown, but it is believed to have been between 535 and 548. Abraham chose to bring with him four monks. Upon arrival, Justianian summoned them and informed them that they would either accept the decision of the Council or lose their positions. Abraham refused to entertain the idea.
Theodora tried to persuade Justinian to change his mind, seemingly to no avail. Abraham himself stated in a letter to his monks that he preferred to remain in exile rather than subscribe to a faith contrary to that of Athanasius. Abraham did return to Egypt, however, possibly due to persusasion from Theodora.
Upon Abraham's return to Pbow, he found a number of the monks were themselves disputing whether to accept the decision of the Council. Those who agreed to do so eventually won out, partially with the support of the imperial envoy, Pancharis.
After being forced out of Pbow, Abraham set up a new monastery at Farshut with two other monks from Pbow. The number of monks grew, however, making it necessary for the buildings to be expanded. He also founded a convent of nuns at roughly the same time.
Late in life, Abraham received a vision in which Pachomius, Petronius, and Shenouda the Archimandrite appeared to him, informing him of his upcoming death and the name of his successor, Theophilus of Farshut.
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (March 2009)|
- Butler, Alban; Charles Butler (1798). "March 15: St. Abraham, Hermit and his Niece St. Mary, a Penitent". The Lives of the Primitive Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints: Compiled from Original Monuments and Other Authentic Records. pp. 169–172.
- Benedictine Monks (2003) . "St. Abraham". Book of the Saints. Kessinger Publishing. p. 2. ISBN 0-7661-7269-4. OCLC 60591143.