|American Civil War site|
|District||Gettysburg Historic (75000155)|
|NPS unit||Gettysburg National Military Park|
|Part of||Field of Pickett's Charge|
|020 Abraham Brian Barn
022 Abraham Brian Farm House
WA50 …Brian Farm Boundary Stone Wall
ID73 Brian Farm - Cast Iron Site ID Tablet
|Exhibit||Interpretive display depicting combat on the farm (etching "by John B. Bachelder" shows a cannon at the house.) |
|- elevation||603.5 ft (183.9 m) |
|House||21 ft (6 m) high (roof peak)
25 ft wide (7.6 m) x 15 ft deep (4.6 m)
|Farm||12 acres (4.9 ha) |
|Last inhabitant was Ernest Strickhouser in 1940.|
The Brian Farm is an American Civil War area of the Gettysburg Battlefield used during the Battle of Gettysburg's Pickett's Charge. On January 23, 2004, the farm's buildings, Boundary Stone Wall, and ID tablet were designated historic district contributing structures after the tract was used for the 1918 Camp Colt and other postbellum camps. Monuments on the tract include the 111th New York Infantry Monument, 11th Mississippi Infantry Marker, and the Camp Colt commemorative pine tree and marker.
|Born||1804 in Maryland|
|Died||May 30, 1879|
|Resting place||Lincoln Cemetery
with 1st 2 wives.
Abraham Brian (colloq. Bryan as early as 1891) was a free black man who owned a farm on Cemetery Ridge at the time of the Battle of Gettysburg near the High Water Mark of the Confederacy. During the battle, Bryan and several other blacks left the area to avoid capture and enslavement. Federal troops positioned around the Bryan House and barn were assaulted by Confederate troops under the command of J. Johnston Pettigrew. The small farm was the target of an attack by Mississippi troops. When Bryan returned after the battle he discovered his house was nearly destroyed; its walls filled with bullet holes, windows broken, and furniture tossed about. His fences were gone, crops trampled, and his orchard trees were useless. Bryan assisted in the reburial of Union soldiers and received $1 ($19 in current dollar terms)/body, which were reinterred in the Gettysburg National Cemetery. Bryan's $1,028 federal claim for property damage resulted in $15 paid for damage by Union troops.
Bryan had purchased the farm in 1857 just south of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, and his wife died soon after (he had five children). He then married a third wife.
Abraham Brian Farm House
Postbellum additions to the Abraham Brian Farm House included a 2nd floor. The 1888 Gettysburg Cyclorama (which was made in conjunction with William H. Tipton photographs) has a painted image of the house. In 1985, a post-battle Mathew Brady photograph of the house (see image above) was discovered to show biaxially tapered shakes instead of the presumed clay roof tiles. The Germanic roofing technique used through the end of the 1800s was subsequently discovered for 16 additional Gettysburg area structures upon re-examination of 19th-century photos.
- "Abraham Brian Farm House (Structure Number 022, LCS ID 004456)" (NPS.gov webpage), List of Classified Structures: GETT p. 1 (NPS.gov), "Entered-Documented … 01/23/2004 … House figured prominently in Battle due to its position within Union line on Cemetery Ridge during 2nd & 3rd days of Battle. …house suffered from infantry & artillery fire. Used by Gen Hays for HQ after Battle. … One-and-one half story 2 bay wide by one room deep frame farm house… Centered entrance flanked by 6/6 double hung sash. Flush laid horizontal siding, gable roof with wood shakes, Gable ends have two 2/2 double hung sash. One end gable internal stone and brick chimney stack with stones exposed on east end. Pent roof porch runs length of house on South side."
- "Abraham Brian Farm Boundary Stone Wall (Structure Number WA50, LCS ID 081012)" (NPS.gov webpage), List of Classified Structures: GETT p. 46 (NPS.gov), "2' high. Approximately 500' of fragment of north and south boundaries. North boundary is shared with Ziegler property, south boundary is shared with Leister property."
- "Want $30,000 to Purchase Land of Trolley Line" (Google News Archive). Adams County News. January 27, 1917. Retrieved 2012-05-30.
- Swain, Craig (December 21, 2008). "The Brian Farm Marker" (HMdb.org webpage, marker 16864). Retrieved 2012-05-31.
- "X_Value=-77.235167&Y_Value=39.815467". USGS Elevation Web Service Query. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2012-05-30.
- Scherfy, Marcella (1972). The Brien Farm and Family. NPS Resources Management Division. pp. 4–5. Cited by Smith webpage for the following:
Born in Maryland in 1804, Brian had moved to Gettysburg by 1840. In 1857 he purchased twelve acres from James A. Thompson. The property contained two dwelling houses: one near the crest of Cemetery Ridge and a smaller tenant house along the Emmitsburg road. Brian and his family lived in the house near the crest. He usually kept at least one or two horses and cows. In 1863 he was growing wheat, barley, and hay, and had some of his land in meadows and orchards.
- "Took Work to make Camp Quay" (Google News Archive). Gettysburg Compiler. July 27, 1904. Retrieved 2012-06-02. "Opposite the Y of the trolly is located the Third Brigade … extending until they practically join the town in the Tawney field on Washington Street."
- Gettysburg National Military Park Commission. "An Introduction to the Annual Reports of the Gettysburg National Military Park Commission to the Secretary of War". The Gettysburg Commission Reports. Gettysburg, PA: War Department. "176 acres of the Codori farm, 10 acres of the Smith farm, and 6 acres of the Bryan House place"
- Abraham Brian (gravestone), depicted at findagrave.com, retrieved 2012-05-30
- Nasby, Dolly (2005). Gettysburg (Google Books). Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 0-7385-3651-2. Retrieved 2012-06-02.
- United States Government Printing Office (1891). Battle Field of Gettysbug (Map). 1895 War of the Rebellion Atlas. Plate 95. http://digitalcollections.baylor.edu/cdm/singleitem/collection/tx-wotr/id/1579/rec/7. Retrieved 2012-06-01.
- "The Abraham Bryan House" (webpage). BrothersWar.com. Retrieved tbd.
- [unspecified document], GNMP vertical file 14-CF-14, Abraham Brien (Cited by Vermilyea webpage.)
- Bachelder, John Badger (1873). Gettysburg. What to see How to see it. (Google Books). (also available at HathiTrust.org). Retrieved 2012-05-30. "The white cottage in the field at the left [North of the Codori house] was General Hays' headquarters. It has received a second story since the battle. The Union line ran between the house and barn..."
- Engle, Reed (December 1985). "Restoration of a Roofing". CRM Bulletin (NPS Cultural Resources Management) Volume 8: No. 6. http://crm.cr.nps.gov/archive/08-6/8-6-all.pdf. Retrieved 2012-05-30.