Abraham Kazen

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Abraham "Chick" Kazen, Jr.
Abraham Kazen.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Texas's 23rd district
In office
January 3, 1967 – January 3, 1985
Preceded by Newly established district
Succeeded by Albert Bustamante
Texas State Senator from District 21 (Brooks, Dimmit, Duval, Jim Hogg, Jim Wells, La Salle, Maverick, Starr, Webb, and Zapata counties)
In office
1953–1967
Preceded by William A. Shofner
Succeeded by Wayne Connally
Texas State Representative from Webb County
In office
1947–1953
Personal details
Born (1917-01-17)January 17, 1917
Laredo, Webb County
Texas, USA
Died November 29, 1987(1987-11-29) (aged 70)
Austin, Travis County
Texas
Resting place Calvary Catholic Cemetery in Laredo, Texas
Political party Democratic
Relations Nephew George P. Kazen
Residence Laredo, Texas
Alma mater Martin High School

University of Texas at Austin
Cumberland School of Law

Occupation Attorney
Religion Roman Catholic
Military service
Service/branch United States Army Air Corps
Rank Captain
Battles/wars North Africa, Sicily, and Italy in World War II

Abraham Kazen, Jr., usually known as Chick Kazen (January 17, 1919—November 29, 1987), was a U.S. Representative from Texas's 23rd congressional district, the first to serve in that particular position. Elected in 1966, Kazen served until 1985, having been defeated in the 1984 Democratic primary election by Albert G. Bustamante.

Background[edit]

Kazen was of Maronite Lebanese descent, and is related to the powerful Khazen family. He was a lifelong resident of the border city of Laredo. He graduated in 1937 from Laredo High School, renamed Martin High School. He then attended the University of Texas at Austin from 1937 to 1940. In 1941, Kazen graduated from the Cumberland School of Law in Lebanon, Tennessee, since removed to Birmingham, Alabama.

Military service[edit]

Kazen served in 1942 as a United States Army Air Corps pilot at the since closed Lubbock Air Force Base. During World War II, Kazen fought in North Africa, Sicily, and Italy as a pilot in Troop Carrier Command. He was discharged in 1953 with the rank of captain.

Public service[edit]

In 1946, Kazen was elected to the Texas House of Representatives and served from 1947 to 1953. He then served in the Texas Senate from 1953 to 1967, and was elected president pro tempore of the State Senate in 1959. He served as acting governor of Texas on August 4, 1959. He was a member of the Texas Legislative Council for sixteen years.

He was elected to Congress as a Democrat in 1966 representing the newly created 23rd District. It was the largest congressional district in area in the nation (excluding at-large districts encompassing whole states), stretching across 800 miles from El Paso in the west to San Antonio in the east. It had been created when Texas' previous congressional map was thrown out by the United States Supreme Court in the case Wesberry v. Sanders. He was reelected eight more times with no substantive opposition.

In 1984, Kazen's opponent in the Democratic primary was Bexar County circuit court judge Albert Bustamante. By this time, the 23rd had become a majority-Hispanic district. Due in part to the demographic changes in the district, Bustamante upset Kazen in the primary, ending Kazen's 39 years as an elected official. After Kazen's defeat, no non-Hispanic white Democrat represented a significant portion of San Antonio in the House until Lloyd Doggett had his Austin-based district redrawn to include part of San Antonio.

Kazen grave with congressional emblem on tombstone at Calvary Catholic Cemetery in Laredo, Texas

Kazen retired to Laredo after his congressional defeat. He was an uncle of United States District Judge George P. Kazen of Laredo.

Kazen died in Austin, Texas, and is interred Calvary Catholic Cemetery in Laredo.

The Kazen College Center on the Laredo Community College campus

Kazen is honored through the naming of the Kazen Center, the student union building, at Laredo Community College, Abraham Kazen Middle School, in San Antonio, Texas; and Kazen Elementary School, in Laredo.

External links[edit]

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
New District
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Texas's 23rd congressional district

1967–1985
Succeeded by
Albert G. Bustamante