He was the son of Joseph Dixon (1754–1839) and Mercy (Raymond) Dixon (1761–1847). About 1795, the family removed to Sherburne, Chenango County, New York. He attended Hamilton-Oneida Academy, and graduated from Yale College in 1813. Then he studied law at Hamilton, Madison County, New York. On August 29, 1817, he married Caroline Pelton (1798–1837), and they had three children. The newly-wed couple settled at Westfield, and Dixon practiced law there.
About 1840, he married Eliza Williams (Holt) Higgings (c. 1805–1858), and they had two children.
In November 1867, he was elected a special surrogate of Chautauqua County.
- The New York Civil List compiled by Franklin Benjamin Hough (pages 132ff and 140; Weed, Parsons and Co., 1858)
- Death notice of his wife in Annual Obituary Notices of Eminent Persons by Nathan Crosby (Boston, 1859; pg. 90)
- Manual for the Use of the Legislature (1870; pg. 241)
|New York State Senate|
Chauncey J. Fox
|New York State Senate
Eighth District (Class 1)
Frederick F. Backus