Abram Isaac Elkus
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Abram Isaac Elkus (August 6, 1867 – October 15, 1947), was an American ambassador and employee of the US Department of State.
He was born in New York City on August 6, 1867, the son of Isaac and Julia Elkus. He was educated in the city's public schools as well as the College of the City of New York. He earned his law degree at Columbia Law School and was admitted to the bar in 1888.
In 1910 Elkus was appointed Special Assistant to the United States Attorney for the prosecution of bankruptcy frauds. In 1911 he was Counsel for the New York State Factory Investigating Committee engaged in framing legislation dealing with child labor, working hours for women, fire protection, and similar safeguards for factory workers.
He also served as Chairman of the Reconstruction Commission of this State that proposed a major reorganization of state government to Governor Alfred E. Smith, and for many years he served as a member of the State Board of Regents (which oversees the New York State education system).
In 1916 he was appointed by Woodrow Wilson to be the United States Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire in Constantinople. While there he also represented the interests of Great Britain, France, Italy, Russia and Belgium which were then at war with the Ottomans. In April 1917, when the United States entered World War I against Germany, he was recalled, but serious illness prevented his homecoming for many months. The U.S. never declared war against the Ottoman Empire.
In 1913 and 1920, he ran for Judge of the New York Court of Appeals, but was twice defeated. On November 12, 1919, Governor Alfred E. Smith appointed him to fill the vacancy caused by the death of William H. Cuddeback. Elkus served on the court until December 31, 1920, and then accepted an appointment as one of the League of Nations Commissioners to settle the Åland Islands dispute between Finland and Sweden.
- Political Graveyard
- Historical Society of the Courts of New York State
- Spencer Tucker, ed. Encyclopedia of World War I (2005) p 1080
- 3. The Memoirs Of Abram Elkus: Lawyer, Ambassador, Statesman - Taderon Press, 2004.
- Biography at the Historical Society of the Courts of New York State, which served as the source for much of this article.