Abrud

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For other uses, see Abrud (disambiguation).
Abrud
Town
Skyline of Abrud
Abrud is located in Romania
Abrud
Abrud
Location of Abrud
Coordinates: 46°16′26″N 23°3′48″E / 46.27389°N 23.06333°E / 46.27389; 23.06333Coordinates: 46°16′26″N 23°3′48″E / 46.27389°N 23.06333°E / 46.27389; 23.06333
Country  Romania
County Alba County
Status Town
Government
 • Mayor Tiberiu Ioan Rațiu (Democratic Party)
Area
 • Total 32.00 km2 (12.36 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 4,944
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website http://www.primaria-abrud.ro/

Abrud (Latin: Abruttus;[1] Hungarian: Abrudbánya; German: Großschlatten) is a town in the north-western part of Alba County, Transylvania, Romania, located on the river Abrud. It administers three villages: Abrud-Sat (Abrudfalva), Gura Cornei (Szarvaspataktorka) and Soharu (Szuhár).

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1912 2,938 —    
1930 2,468 −16.0%
1948 2,656 +7.6%
1956 4,411 +66.1%
1966 5,150 +16.8%
1977 5,315 +3.2%
1992 6,729 +26.6%
2002 6,803 +1.1%
2011 4,944 −27.3%
Source: INS, Census data

According to the census from 2011 there was a total population of 4,944 people living in this commune. Of this population, 96.66% are ethnic Romanians, 0.86% are ethnic Hungarians and 0.53% ethnic Romani.[2]

History[edit]

Although first recorded only in 1271 in the form terra Obruth, the name of the town might have derived from a supposed (not attested) Dacian word for gold, *obrud.[3] The Romans erected a small fortification here in the 2nd century AD.[4] It was part of the defence system of the gold mines nearby, in "Alburnus Maior" (nowadays, Roşia Montană),[citation needed] but it was abandoned in the 3rd century.[4] The town's modern name reflects a characteristic vowel shift (from o to a) of the medieval Hungarian language.[3]

Abrud gained town status in 1427, during the Middle Ages. In 1727, the leaders of a revolt gained control of the town. Another serfs' revolt began in the area in 1784 with Horea, Cloşca and Crişan as leaders fighting the Austrian Imperial forces, Abrud being captured by the uprising's members on 6 November, before the revolt was crushed by the Austrian army.

People[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ștefan Pascu: A History of Transylvania, Dorset Press, 1990, ISBN 978-0-88029-526-0, ISBN 0-88029-526-0
  2. ^ http://www.edrc.ro/recensamant.jsp?regiune_id=2568&judet_id=2569&localitate_id=2574
  3. ^ a b Makkai, László (2001). "Transylvania's indigenous population at the time of the Hungarian conquest: Toponymy and chronology". History of Transylvania, Volume I: From the Beginnings to 1606. mek.niif.hu. Retrieved 05-01-2013.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  4. ^ a b "1160.02". National Archaeological Record of Romania (RAN). ran.cimec.ro. 2009-03-19. Retrieved 05-01-2013.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)