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Abrud ( Latin: ; Abruttus [1 ] Hungarian: ; Abrudbánya German: ) is a town in the north-western part of Großschlatten Alba County, Transylvania, Romania, located on the river Abrud. It administers three villages: Abrud-Sat, Gura Cornei and Soharu.
Population [ edit ]
INS, Census data
According to the
census from 2011 there was a total population of 4,944 people living in this commune. Of this population, 96.66% are ethnic Romanians, 0.86% are ethnic Hungarians and 0.53% ethnic Romani. [2 ]
History [ edit ]
Although first recorded only in 1271 in the form
terra Obruth, the name of the town might have derived from a supposed (not attested) Dacian word for gold, *obrud. The [3 ] Romans erected a small fortification here in the 2nd century AD. It was part of the defence system of the [4 ] gold mines nearby, in "Alburnus Maior" (nowadays, Roşia Montană), [ but it was abandoned in the 3rd century. ] citation needed The town's modern name reflects a characteristic [4 ] vowel shift (from o to a) of the medieval Hungarian language. [3 ]
Abrud gained town status in 1427, during the Middle Ages. In 1727, the leaders of a revolt gained control of the town. Another
serfs' revolt began in the area in 1784 with Horea, Cloşca and Crişan as leaders fighting the Austrian Imperial forces, Abrud being captured by the uprising's members on 6 November, before the revolt was crushed by the Austrian army.
References [ edit ]