Abruka

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Abruka
village
The oldest building on Abruka: The Abruka House (Abruka maja).
The oldest building on Abruka: The Abruka House (Abruka maja).
Location of Abruka in Estonia.
Location of Abruka in Estonia.
Coordinates: 58°09′50″N 22°30′14″E / 58.16389°N 22.50389°E / 58.16389; 22.50389Coordinates: 58°09′50″N 22°30′14″E / 58.16389°N 22.50389°E / 58.16389; 22.50389
Country  Estonia
County Saaremaa lipp.svg Saare County
Municipality KaarmaEsti.svg Kaarma Parish
Area(Area of village)
 • Total 10.1 km2 (3.9 sq mi)
Population (01.01.2011[1])
 • Total 33
 • Density 3.3/km2 (8.5/sq mi)

Abruka is an 8.78 km² Estonian island in the Gulf of Riga, 4 km south of the island of Saaremaa.

Together with few neighbouring smaller islands (Vahase, Kasselaid, Linnusitamaa and Kirjurahu) Abruka forms the village of Abruka, which is part of Kaarma Parish, Saare County. The village has a population of 33 (as of 1 January 2011)[1] and an area of 10.1 km².

The first records about the population on Abruka originate from the Middle Ages, when the Bishop of Ösel-Wiek founded a horse breeding manor (Abro) there. Permanent population developed in the 18th century. 1881–1972 an elementary school operated on Abruka.[2]

Abruka is the site of a Central European-type broadleaf forest, which is rare in the region. To protect this a nature reserve was created in 1937.

There's a library (located in the harbour building) and a museum which is located on the side of the former manor park in the oldest building on Abruka (The Abruka House).[3]

Abruka can be reached by postboat Heili from Roomassaare harbour in Kuressaare.[4]

The twin writers Jüri Tuulik and Ülo Tuulik (born 1940) were born on Abruka.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Kaarma valla asulate nimekiri seisuga 01.01.2011" (in Estonian). Kaarma vald. Retrieved 2 April 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "Abruka küla" (in Estonian). eestigiid.ee. Retrieved 23 May 2011. 
  3. ^ "Ajalugu" (in Estonian). Retrieved 2 April 2011. 
  4. ^ "Location". abruka.ee. Retrieved 2 April 2011. 

External links[edit]