Absecon, New Jersey

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Absecon, New Jersey
City
City of Absecon
Map of Absecon in Atlantic County. Inset: Location of Atlantic County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Absecon in Atlantic County. Inset: Location of Atlantic County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Absecon, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Absecon, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°25′25″N 74°29′35″W / 39.423563°N 74.493025°W / 39.423563; -74.493025Coordinates: 39°25′25″N 74°29′35″W / 39.423563°N 74.493025°W / 39.423563; -74.493025[1][2]
Country  United States of America
State  New Jersey
County Atlantic
Incorporated February 29, 1872 (as town)
Reincorporated March 24, 1902 (as city)
Government[6]
 • Type City
 • Mayor John R. Armstrong (term ends December 31, 2015)[3]
 • Administrator Jessica Thompson[4]
 • Clerk Carrie A. Crone[5]
Area[2]
 • Total 7.292 sq mi (18.887 km2)
 • Land 5.396 sq mi (13.975 km2)
 • Water 1.896 sq mi (4.911 km2)  26.01%
Area rank 239th of 566 in state
17th of 23 in county[2]
Elevation[7] 3 ft (0.9 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10]
 • Total 8,411
 • Estimate (2013[11]) 8,401
 • Rank 272nd of 566 in state
11th of 23 in county[12]
 • Density 1,558.8/sq mi (601.9/km2)
 • Density rank 329th of 566 in state
9th of 23 in county[12]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 08201, 08205[13][14]
Area code(s) 609 exchanges: 404, 652, 748[15]
FIPS code 3400100100[16][2][17]
GNIS feature ID 0885134[18][2]
Website www.abseconnj.gov

Absecon (pronounced ab-SEE-con[19]) is a city in Atlantic County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city's population was 8,411,[8][9][10] reflecting an increase of 773 (+10.1%) from the 7,638 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 340 (+4.7%) from the 7,298 counted in the 1990 Census.[20]

The current City of Absecon was originally incorporated as a town by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 29, 1872, from portions of Egg Harbor Township and Galloway Township. Then on March 24, 1902, the City of Absecon replaced the town.[21]

Geography[edit]

Absecon is located at 39°25′25″N 74°29′35″W / 39.423563°N 74.493025°W / 39.423563; -74.493025 (39.423563, −74.493025). According to the United States Census Bureau, Absecon city had a total area of 7.292 square miles (18.887 km2), of which, 5.396 square miles (13.975 km2) of it was land and 1.896 square miles (4.911 km2) of it (26.01%) was water.[2][1]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Absecon, New Jersey
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 43.4
(6.3)
43.7
(6.5)
50.6
(10.3)
59.9
(15.5)
69.9
(21.1)
78.9
(26.1)
83.8
(28.8)
82.5
(28.1)
77.1
(25.1)
67.3
(19.6)
56.5
(13.6)
45.7
(7.6)
63.3
(17.4)
Average low °F (°C) 23.6
(−4.7)
23.8
(−4.6)
30.4
(−0.9)
39.4
(4.1)
49.2
(9.6)
58.9
(14.9)
64.0
(17.8)
62.3
(16.8)
55.7
(13.2)
44.6
(7)
34.3
(1.3)
25.5
(−3.6)
42.6
(5.9)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.4
(86)
3.1
(79)
3.7
(94)
3.5
(89)
3.3
(84)
3.3
(84)
3.8
(97)
5.1
(130)
3.2
(81)
3.4
(86)
3.5
(89)
3.8
(97)
43
(1,092)
Source: Weatherbase[22]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 507
1890 501 −1.2%
1900 530 5.8%
1910 781 47.4%
1920 702 −10.1%
1930 2,158 207.4%
1940 2,084 −3.4%
1950 2,355 13.0%
1960 4,320 83.4%
1970 6,094 41.1%
1980 6,859 12.6%
1990 7,298 6.4%
2000 7,638 4.7%
2010 8,411 10.1%
Est. 2013 8,401 [11] −0.1%
Population sources: 1880-2000[23]
1880-1920[24] 1880-1890[25]
1890-1910[26] 1910-1930[27]
1930-1990[28] 2000[29][30] 2010[8][9][10]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 8,411 people, 3,179 households, and 2,254 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,558.8 per square mile (601.9 /km2). There were 3,365 housing units at an average density of 623.6 per square mile (240.8 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 76.45% (6,430) White, 9.89% (832) Black or African American, 0.38% (32) Native American, 7.93% (667) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 2.94% (247) from other races, and 2.41% (203) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 7.50% (631) of the population.[8]

There were 3,179 households, of which 27.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.3% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.1% were non-families. 22.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.07.[8]

In the city, 20.8% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 23.2% from 25 to 44, 31.8% from 45 to 64, and 17.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44.1 years. For every 100 females there were 92.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.0 males.[8]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $64,370 (with a margin of error of +/- $5,398) and the median family income was $77,784 (+/- $9,673). Males had a median income of $47,043 (+/- $7,593) versus $43,673 (+/- $3,797) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $31,194 (+/- $4,373). About 5.2% of families and 8.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.4% of those under age 18 and 16.0% of those age 65 or over.[31]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[16] there were 7,638 people, 2,773 households, and 2,085 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,336.0 people per square mile (515.6/km²). There were 2,902 housing units at an average density of 507.6 per square mile (195.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 83.31% White, 6.01% African American, 0.17% Native American, 7.46% Asian, 1.51% from other races, and 1.54% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.77% of the population.[29][30]

There were 2,773 households out of which 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.6% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.8% were non-families. 19.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.08.[29][30]

In the city the population was spread out with 23.5% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 25.1% from 45 to 64, and 16.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 92.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.4 males.[29][30]

The median income for a household in the city was $55,745, and the median income for a family was $61,563. Males had a median income of $47,984 versus $31,663 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,615. About 3.2% of families and 4.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.9% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over.[29][30]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Absecon operates under the City form of New Jersey municipal government, led by a Mayor and a seven-member City Council. The City Council consists of six members elected from the city's two wards to three-year terms on a staggered basis, with one seat from each ward up for election each year, along with one member elected at-large to a four-year term in office, all of whom are elected on a partisan basis as part of the November general election.[6][32]

As of 2014, the Mayor of Absecon is Democrat John Armstrong, whose term of office ends December 31, 2015.[3][33] Members of the Absecon City Council are Council President Chris Seher (R, 2016; Ward 2), Donald E. Camp (R, 2016; Ward 1), Sandy Shenk Cain (D, 2015; Ward 2), Kimberly Horton (D, 2014; Ward 2), Frank Phillips (R, 2015; Ward 1), Michael Ring (R, 2017; At Large) and Jim Vizthum (R, 2014; Ward 1).[34][35][36][37][38]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Absecon is located in the 2nd Congressional district[39] and is part of New Jersey's 2nd state legislative district.[9][40][41]

New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Frank LoBiondo (R, Ventnor City).[42] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[43][44] and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).[45][46]

The 2nd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Jim Whelan (D, Atlantic City) and in the General Assembly by Chris A. Brown (R, Ventnor City) and John F. Amodeo (D, Northfield).[47] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[48] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[49]

Atlantic County is governed by a County Executive directly chosen by voters, with the county's legislature, the Board of Chosen Freeholders, consisting of nine members elected to three-year terms on a staggered basis, with three seats coming up for election each year; four of its members are elected at-large and there are five election districts, each of which elect a single member.[50][51] The County Executive is Dennis Levinson (Linwood, term ends December 31, 2015.[52] As of 2013, Atlantic County's Freeholders are the four at-large members; Colin G. Bell (Northfield, 2015)[53], Alexander C. Marino (Linwood, 2014)[54], Vice Chairman Joseph J. McDevitt (Ventnor City, 2013)[55] and John W. Risley (Northfield, 2014)[56]; and five district members elected from District 1 (Atlantic City (part), Egg Harbor Township (part) and Pleasantville) Charles T. Garrett (Atlantic City, 2013)[57], District 2 - (Atlantic City (part), Egg Harbor Township (part), Longport, Margate City, Somers Point and Ventnor City), Chairman Frank D. Formica (Atlantic City, 2015)[58], District 3 (Egg Harbor Township (part), Hamilton Township (part), Linwood and Northfield) - Frank Sutton (Egg Harbor Township, 2014)[59], District 4 (Absecon, Brigantine, Galloway Township and Port Republic - Richard Dase (Galloway Township, 2013)[60] and District 5 (Buena Borough, Buena Vista Township, Corbin City, Egg Harbor City, Estell Manor, Folsom, Hamilton Township (part), Hammonton, Mullica Township and Weymouth Township) - James A. Bertino (Hammonton, 2015).[61][50]

Education[edit]

The Absecon Public School District serve students in Kindergarten through eighth grade. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's two schools had an enrollment of 825 students and 67.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.31:1.[62] Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics.[63]) are H. Ashton Marsh Elementary School[64] (K-5; 482 students) and Emma C. Attales Middle School[65] (5-8; 343 students).[66][67]

For ninth through twelfth grades, public school students from Absecon can attend Pleasantville High School in Pleasantville as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Pleasantville Public Schools. City public school students are also eligible to attend the Atlantic County Institute of Technology and Charter-Tech High School for the Performing Arts.[68]

Holy Spirit High School is a Roman Catholic high school, operated under the jurisdiction of the Diocese of Camden.[69][70]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

The city had a total of 49.71 miles (80.00 km) of roadways, of which 35.12 miles (56.52 km) are maintained by the municipality, 7.54 miles (12.13 km) by Atlantic County and 7.05 miles (11.35 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[71]

Highways and roads in Absecon include U.S. Route 9, U.S. Route 30, Route 157 and County Route 585. The now-defunct Route 43 also passed through the city.

Public transportation[edit]

The Absecon station[72] is served by New Jersey Transit's Atlantic City Line trains, with east-west service between 30th Street Station in Philadelphia and the Atlantic City Rail Terminal in Atlantic City.[73]

NJ Transit provides bus service to and from Atlantic City on routes 508 (to the Hamilton Mall), 554 (to the Lindenwold PATCO station) and 559 (to Lakewood Township).[74][75]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Absecon include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 6, 2013.
  3. ^ a b Mayor John Armstrong, City of Absecon. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  4. ^ City Administrator], City of Absecon. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  5. ^ Office of the Clerk, City of Absecon. Accessed August 13, 2013.
  6. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 13.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: City of Absecon, Geographic Names Information System, accessed January 4, 2008.
  8. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Absecon city, Atlantic County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 13, 2012.
  9. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 1. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  10. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Absecon city, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed August 13, 2012.
  11. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
  12. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 11, 2012.
  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Absecon, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed January 12, 2012.
  14. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed August 20, 2013.
  15. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Absecon, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed November 14, 2013.
  16. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
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  25. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 97. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed August 13, 2013.
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  30. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Absecon city, Atlantic County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 13, 2012.
  31. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Absecon city, Atlantic County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 13, 2012.
  32. ^ Form of Government, City of Absecon. Accessed July 28, 2014.
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  38. ^ Staff. "Vizthum, Horton win in Absecon", Shore News Today, November 8, 2011. Accessed August 13, 2012. "Republican Ward 1 incumbent Jim Vizthum will be joined by newcomer Ward 2 Democrat Kim Horton when Absecon City Council reorganizes for 2012."
  39. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  40. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 54, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
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  45. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
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  47. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 15, 2014.
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  60. ^ Richard Dase, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed January 5, 2013.
  61. ^ James A. Bertino, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed January 5, 2013.
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  64. ^ H. Ashton Marsh Elementary School, Absecon Public School District. Accessed August 13, 2013.
  65. ^ Emma C. Attales Middle School, Absecon Public School District. Accessed August 13, 2013.
  66. ^ Our Schools, Absecon Public School District. Accessed August 13, 2013.
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  68. ^ Prisament, Steve. "Taxes rising as more Absecon students opt for public high school", Shore News Today, March 10, 2011. Accessed May 23, 2011. "'The increase in high school tuition for 2011-'12 is the reason we qualified for a tuition adjustment and is the reason for our 6.1-cent tax increase,' Superintendent James Giaquinto said Monday, March 7. 'We have budgeted $363,000 for Charter Tech, $370,000 for Pleasantville High School and $375,000 for Atlantic County Institute of Technology.'"
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  83. ^ Good, Daniel. "A mature subject for local author's new teen novel", The Press of Atlantic City, July 13, 2008. Accessed September 2, 2008. "The work station in her Absecon home resembles a child's bedroom....Plum-Ucci, a Brigantine native, situates her stories in the towns and beaches from her childhood."

External links[edit]