Abu Bakr ibn Muhammad
|Abu Bakr ibn Muhammad
أبو بكر بن محمد
|Sultan of the Sultanate of Adal|
Abu Bakr ibn Muhammad (Arabic: أبو بكر بن محمد) (reigned 1525–1526) was a Sultan of the Sultanate of Adal. The historian Richard Pankhurst credits Abu Bakr with founding the city of Harar, which he made his military headquarters in 1520.
Abu Bakr organized Somali troops, then attacked Sultan Garad Abun ibn Adash of Adal and killed him, making himself sultan. However, his control over Adal was disputed by Imam Ahmad ibn Ibrihim al-Ghazi, who eventually defeated Abu Bakr and killed him. The Imam then made Abu Bakr's brother, Umar Din, sultan.
- Richard Pankhurst, History of Ethiopian Towns (Wiesbaden: Franz Steiner Verlag, 1982), p. 49.
- J. Spencer Trimingham, Islam in Ethiopia (Oxford: Geoffrey Cumberlege for the University Press, 1952), pp. 85f.
Muhammad ibn Azhar ad-Din
|Walashma dynasty||Succeeded by