Abu Dawood

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Ḥadīth scholar
Abu Dawud Sulayman ibn al-Ashʿath al-Azdi al-Sijistani
Title Abū Dāwūd
Born 817–18 CE
Sigistan
Died 889 CE
Basra
Ethnicity Arab or Persian
Era Islamic golden age
Denomination Sunni Islam
Jurisprudence Hanbal and ijtihad
Main interest(s) ḥadīth and (fiqh)
Notable work(s) Sunan Abī Dāwūd

Abu Dawud Sulaymān ibn al-Ashʿath al-Azdi as-Sijistani Arabic: أبو داود سليمان بن الأشعث الأزدي السجستاني‎), commonly known simply as Abu Dawud, was a noted collector of prophetic hadith, and compiled the third of the six "canonical" hadith collections recognized by Sunni Muslims, the Sunan Abī Dāwūd.

Biography[edit]

Abu Dawud was born in Sistan, eastern Iran (then-Persia) and died in 889 in Basra. Widely traveled among scholars of hadith, he went to Iraq, Egypt, Syria, Hijaz, Tihamah, Khurasan, Nishapur, and Marv among other places in order to collect hadith. He was primarily interested in jurisprudence, and as a result his collection focused largely on legal hadith. Out of about 500,000 hadith, he chose 4,800 for inclusion in his work.

School of thought[edit]

Imam Abu Dawood was a follower of The Hanbal school of thought. Scholars have disagreed on whether he was muqallid or muhtahid.

Works[edit]

He wrote some 21 books in total. Some of the most prominent are:

  • Sunan Abī Dāwūd, containing some 4,800 hadith, is his principal work. These are usually numbered after the edition of Muhammad Muhyi al-Din `Abd al-Hamid (Cairo: Matba`at Mustafa Muhammad, 1354/1935), where 5,274 are distinguished. Some of his hadith are not sahih, but he claimed that all hadith listed were sahih unless specifically indicated otherwise. This has been controversial among Islamic scholars, since some (such as Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani) believe a number of the unmarked ones to be ḍaʿīf as well.
  • In another work, Kitab al-Marāsīl, he lists 600 mursal hadith which, after extensive background investigation, he concludes are nonetheless sahih.
  • Risālat Abī Dāwūd ilā Ahli Makkah; his letter to the inhabitants of Makkah describing his Sunan Abī Dāwūd.[2]

Early Islam scholars[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Al-Bastawī, ʻAbd al-ʻAlīm ʻAbd al-ʻAẓīm (1990). Al-Imām al-Jūzajānī wa-manhajuhu fi al-jarḥ wa-al-taʻdīl. Maktabat Dār al-Ṭaḥāwī. p. 9. 
  2. ^ Translation of the Risālah by Abū Dāwūd
  3. ^ The Quran
  4. ^ The Great Fiqh
  5. ^ Al-Muwatta'
  6. ^ Sahih al-Bukhari
  7. ^ Sahih Muslim
  8. ^ Jami` at-Tirmidhi
  9. ^ Mishkât Al-Anwar
  10. ^ The Niche for Lights
  11. ^ Women in Islam: An Indonesian Perspective by Syafiq Hasyim. Page 67
  12. ^ ulama, bewley.virtualave.net
  13. ^ 1.Proof & Historiography - The Islamic Evidence. theislamicevidence.webs.com
  14. ^ Atlas Al-sīrah Al-Nabawīyah. Darussalam, 2004. Pg 270
  15. ^ Umar Ibn Abdul Aziz by Imam Abu Muhammad ibn Abdullah ibn Hakam died 829