Abu Dhabi (emirate)
|— Emirate —|
|Emirate of Abu Dhabi|
|Country||United Arab Emirates|
|Independence from UK||2 December 1971|
|• Type||Constitutional monarchy|
|• Emir||Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan|
|• Total||67,340 km2 (26,000 sq mi)|
|• Density||29.2/km2 (76/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UAE standard time (UTC+4)|
Abu Dhabi, officially the Emirate of Abu Dhabi (Arabic: إمارة أبو ظبي Imārat Abū Ẓabī, literally "father of Gazelle"), is one of seven emirates that constitute the United Arab Emirates (UAE). It is the capital of the UAE and is the largest emirate by area (67,340 km²), and second-largest by population after Dubai, accounting for approximately 86% of the total land area of the UAE. The seat of the President of the United Arab Emirates is located in Abu Dhabi city, which also hosts many oil companies, foreign embassies and the federal cabinet.
The emirate's main revenues are from industry, construction and financial services which make up Abu Dhabi's US$187 billion economy (2008). Revenues from the petroleum industry contributed 65.5% to the economy in 2008. Construction activities represent 11.5% of the economy in 2008, and commercial and financial activities make up the remaining 23.6%.
Parts of Abu Dhabi were settled as far back as the 3rd millennium BC and its early history fits the nomadic herding and fishing pattern typical of the broader region. Modern Abu Dhabi traces its origins to the rise of an important tribal confederation, the Bani Yas, in the late 18th century, which also assumed control of Dubai. In the 19th century the Dubai and Abu Dhabi branches parted ways.
Into the mid-20th century, the economy of Abu Dhabi continued to be sustained mainly by camel herding, production of dates and vegetables at the inland oases of Al Ain and Liwa, and fishing and pearl diving off the coast of Abu Dhabi city, which was occupied mainly during the summer months. Most dwellings in Abu Dhabi city were, at this time, constructed of palm fronds (barasti), with the wealthier families occupying mud huts. The growth of the cultured pearl industry in the first half of the twentieth century created hardship for residents of Abu Dhabi as pearls represented the largest export and main source of cash earnings.
In 1939, Sheikh Shakhbut Bin-Sultan Al Nahyan granted petroleum concessions, and oil was first found in 1958. At first, oil money had a marginal impact. A few lowrise concrete buildings were erected, and the first paved road was completed in 1961, but Sheikh Shakbut, uncertain whether the new oil royalties would last, took a cautious approach, preferring to save the revenue rather than investing it in development. His brother, Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, saw that oil wealth had the potential to transform Abu Dhabi. The ruling Al Nahyan family decided that Sheikh Zayed should replace his brother as ruler and carry out his vision of developing the country. On August 6, 1966, with the assistance of the British, Sheikh Zayed became the new ruler.
With the announcement by the UK in 1968 that it would withdraw from the Persian Gulf area by 1971, Sheikh Zayed became the main driving force behind the formation of the United Arab Emirates.
After the Emirates gained independence in 1971, oil wealth continued to flow to the area and traditional mud-brick huts were rapidly replaced with banks, boutiques and modern highrises.
At present, Abu Dhabi boasts what is estimated to be the world's highest absolute and per-capita level of sovereign wealth funds, calculated at USD 1,000,000 per a local national inhabitant.
The emirate of Abu Dhabi is located in the oil-rich and strategic Persian Gulf region. It adjoins the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the Sultanate of Oman. The emirate borders the emirate of Dubai and Sharjah to its north.
Sunny/blue skies can be expected throughout the year. The months June through September are generally hot and humid with temperatures averaging above 43 °C (110 °F). During this time, sandstorms also occur intermittently, in some cases reducing visibility down to a few meters. The weather is usually pleasant from October to May. January to February is cooler and may require the use of a light jacket. This period also sees dense fog on some days. The oasis city of Al Ain, about 150 km away, bordering Oman, regularly records the highest summer temperatures in the country, however the dry desert air and cooler evenings make it a traditional retreat from the intense summer heat and year round humidity of the capital city.
Abu Dhabi is divided into 3 Municipal Regions:
Towns and cities
Abu Dhabi city is a modern city with broad boulevards, tall office and apartment buildings, and busy shops.
Other urban centers in the Abu Dhabi emirate are Al 'Ain, Baniyas and Ruwais. Al Ain is an agglomeration of several villages scattered around a valuable desert oasis; today it is the site of the national university, UAEU. Al Ain is billed as the Garden City of the UAE. Other work includes the 1st prize international competition of the Abu Dhabi Library and Cultural Center won by the Architects Collaborative, designed by Hisham N. Ashkouri of Boston, Massachusetts and New York, NY.
Main cities and towns
- Abu Dhabi
- Abu al Abyad
- Al Ain
- Al-Aryam Island
- Al Mushrif
- Halat al Bahrani
- Khalifa City
- Khalifa Port
- Liwa Oasis
- Port Zayed
- Sir Bani Yas
- Yas Island
Abu Dhabi International Airport (AUH) and Al Ain International Airport (AAN) serves the emirate. The local time is GMT + 4 hours. Private vehicles and taxis are the primary means of transportation in the city, although public buses, run by the Abu Dhabi Municipality, are available, but mostly used by the lower-income population. There are bus routes to nearby towns such as Baniyas, Habashan and the garden city of UAE Al Ain, among others. There is a newer service started in 2005 between Abu Dhabi and the commercial city of Dubai (about 160 km away).
Schools and universities
All private and public schools in the emirate come under the authority of the Abu Dhabi Education Council, while other emirates continue to work under the federal Ministry of Education.
Schools and universities in Abu Dhabi:
- Zayed University
- Paris-Sorbonne University Abu Dhabi
- Sherwood Academy CBSE
- Sherwood Academy IGCSC
- Merryland International, Musaffah
- Bright Kids Nursery, Muroor Street
- Masdar Institute of Science and Technology (research oriented graduate-level university)
- The Petroleum Institute
- Abu Dhabi Men's College (a campus of The Higher Colleges of Technology)
- Abu Dhabi Women's College (a campus of The Higher Colleges of Technology)
- Abu Dhabi University
- INSEAD Centre in Abu Dhabi
- Strathclyde Business School (MSc/MBA)
- Abu Dhabi Indian School
- Emirates Future International Academy
- Indian Islahi Islamic School
- Al-Noor Indian Islamic School
- The American International School in Abu Dhabi
- Emirates College for Advanced Education (ECAE) The first college for education in Abu Dhabi
- New York Institute of Technology
- International School of Choueifat, Abu Dhabi
- Sheikh Khalifa Bin Zayed Bangladesh Islamia School and College , Abu Dhabi
- Sheikh Khalifa Bin Zayed Arab Pakistani School (Kindergarten through 12th grade FSC)
- Islamia English School (Kindergarten through 12th grade FSC, IGCSE : O Levels and A Levels also offered)
- Al Nahda National Schools (Boys' and Girls' school O Levels, A Levels, American High school system)
- The Cambridge High School
- The British School – Al Khubairat
- Abu Dhabi Grammar School (Canada)
- Abu Dhabi International School
- First Steps School Nursery
- Tweety Nursery
- International Community School
- Our Own English High School
- The American Community School of Abu Dhabi
- The British School
- Raha International School
- New York University Abu Dhabi
- The Glenelg School of Abu Dhabi
- The Elite Private School
- Khalifa University of Science, Technology and Research(KUSTAR)
- Qasr al-Hosn, the palace-fort, seat of government and palace of the rulers of Abu Dhabi ca. 1760/1790 to 1966.
- Mina' Zayid, the port of Abu Dhabi.
- Postal Authorities
- Transportation in the United Arab Emirates
- Emirates Palace, the most expensive hotel ever built
- Abu Dhabi Grand Prix, a Formula One motor race held in the city
- Abu Dhabi – profile of geographical entity including name variants. World Gazetteer. Retrieved April 8, 2008.
- "gulfnews : Abu Dhabi's GDP hits Dh688.3b on industrial sector performance". Archive.gulfnews.com. July 19, 2009. Retrieved September 17, 2011.
- "Abu Dhabi GDP $187 bln in '08, UAE Economy – Maktoob News (link broken)". Business.maktoob.com. Retrieved September 17, 2011.
- "The Statistics Center-Abu Dhabi announces today results of economic surveys | SCAD". AMEinfo.com. Retrieved September 17, 2011.
- See Al-Fahim, M, From Rags to Riches: A Story of Abu Dhabi, Chapter Six (London Centre of Arab Studies, 1995), ISBN 1-900404-00-1.
- BBC, Average weather for Sharjah, which is 170 kilometres away from Abu Dhabi.
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|Eastern Province||Ad Dhahirah|