This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Catalan Wikipedia. (July 2013)
Click [show] on the right to read important instructions before translating.
View a machine-translated version of the Catalan article.
Google's machine translation is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia.
Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article.
Abu Hafs orders the torching of his ships after reaching Crete, miniature from the Madrid Skylitzes
Umar ibn Hafs ibn Shuayb ibn Isa al-Balluti, surnamed al-Ghaliz ("the Fat") and later al-Iqritishi ("the Cretan"), and usually known as Abu Hafs (in Greek sources Ἀπόχαψις, Apohapsis), was a Muwalladcorsair who was primarily active between 816 and 827. After an unsuccessful uprising in Cordova, Spain in 818 against Emir Al-Hakam I the city's Muladi Muslim inhabitants were exiled. Some settled in Fez (Morocco), while a second group, of almost 15,000 men plus women and children, headed for Alexandria in Egypt. With the intention of taking advantage of local unrest, the latter group of rebels selected Abu Hafs as their leader. As leader, Abu Hafs led the group which took control of Alexandria in 816.
After being forced to leave Alexandria, the rebel group set for the Byzantine island of Crete. Upon arriving, they landed at Cape Charax in the gulf of Messara. From there the group headed north under the leadership of Abu Hafs.
Abu Hafs and his group of adventurers seized Crete from the Byzantine Empire over the next few years, repelled a number of Byzantine recovery attempts and established an autonomous emirate in the island.