Abu Ishaq Shami
Abu Ishaq Shami (died 940) was a Muslim scholar who is often regarded as the founder of the Sufi Chishti Order  because he was the person in the Chishti silsila (chain, or religious lineage) who was the first to live in Chisht. The name Shami implies he came from Syria or even from Damascus (ash-Sham). He died in Damascus and lies buried on Mount Qasiyun, where later on also Ibn Arabi was buried.
Looking at the date of his death it is considered[by whom?] that the Chishti (Persian: چشتی - Čištī) (Arabic: ششتى - Shishti) Order is one of the oldest, if not the oldest, existing Sufi order. However, like the Chishtiyya, most of the Sufi orders (for instance, the Qadiriyyah, the Suhrawardiyyah and the Naqshbandiyyah) claim a silsila starting with the Prophet Muhammad himself.
Masters and students
Abu Ishaq Shami's teacher was Shaikh Ilw Mumshad Dinwari, whose own teacher was Abu Hubairah Basri, a disciple of Huzaifah Al-Mar'ashi who was in turn a disciple of Ibrahim ibn Adham. Abu Ishaq Shami may have had many disciples, but Abu Ahmad Abdal was the one through whom the silsila to the Chishtiyyah of South Asia continued. In South Asia, Moinuddin Chishti was the founding father and most revered saint of the Chishti order.
Some of Abu Ishaq Shami's sayings are:
- Starvation excels all in bliss.
- The worldly people are impure while the dervishes are pure in their souls. These two different natures cannot therefore mingle.
The chain of Spiritual masters of Chishti order
- Prophet Muhammad ibn Abdullah sallallahu alaihi wa sallam
- 'Ameerul Mo'mineen Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib radiAllahu ta'ala anhu
- Shaikh Khawaja Ḥasan Baṣrī
- Shaikh Abdul Wāḥid Bin Zaid
- Fuḍayl ibn Iyāḍ
- Ibrāhīm bin Adham
- Ḥudhayfah al-Mar'ashī
- Amīnuddīn Abū Ḥubayrah al-Baṣrī
- Mumshād Dīnwarī
- Abū Isḥāq al-Shāmī
- Jackson, Roy (2011). Mawlana Mawdudi and Political Islam: Authority and the Islamic State. Routledge. p. 10. ISBN 978-0-415-47411-5.
- Karamustafa, Ahmet T. (2011). University of California Press. University of California Press. p. 60. ISBN 978-0-520-25268-4.
- Ernst, Carl W. (2002). Sufi martyrs of love: the Chishti Order in South Asia and beyond. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 14. ISBN 978-1-4039-6027-6.
- Excerpt taken from chishti.ru Chishti order
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