Old school of Abu Kishk, picture taken between 1940-1950.
|Date of depopulation||30 March 1948|
|Cause(s) of depopulation||Fear of being caught up in the fighting|
|Secondary cause||Influence of nearby town's fall|
Abu Kishk (Arabic: أبو كشك) was a Palestinian village in the Jaffa Subdistrict located 12 km northeast of Jaffa, situated 2 km northwest of the Yarkon River. The village was depopulated during the 1947–1948 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine on 30 March 1948 by the Israeli attacking brigade of the Irgun Tzvai Leumi.
On 1921 Abu Kishk and other near Arabs villages attacked the Jewish villages, Petah Tikva and Kfar Saba. The attack was foiled, and Abu Kishk Sheikh was sentenced to pay a big fine to the Jews. Therefore, he was coerced to sell his territories. On 4 June 1924 The Jewish organization Hachsharat HaYishuv purchased territories of 4,197 Dunam for 3.5 Palestine pound per dunam.
In 1925 the village school was founded. By the mid-1940s it had 108 students, including 9 girls.
1948, and aftermath
In December 1947 and January 1948 the leaders of al-Shaykh Muwannis, Al-Mas'udiyya, Al-Jammasin al-Sharqi/Al-Jammasin al-Gharbi, and the mukhtars of Ijlil al-Qibliyya, Ijlil al-Shamaliyya and Abu Kishk met with Haganah representatives in Petah Tikva. These villages wanted peace, and promised not to harbor any Arab Liberation Armies or local Arab Militia. They further promised that, in the case they were not able to keep them out alone, they were to call on Haganah for help.
By mid-March 1948, the Alexandroni Brigade had imposed isolation, a "quarantine", of al-Shaykh Muwannis, Ijlil al-Qibliyya, Ijlil al-Shamaliyya and Abu Kishk. However, on 12 March LHI kidnapped 5 village notables from al-Shaykh Muwannis. This completely undermined the villagers' trust in former agreements, and many left.
- Hadawi, 1970, p.52
- Khalidi, 1992, p. 235
- Morris, 2004, p. xviii village #197. Also gives causes of depopulation
- Khalidi, 1992, p. 236
- Herzliya, "Mother of the Kibbutzim and the Communal Groups", by Dan Yahav. Yaron Golan Publishers.
- Mills, 1932, p. 16
- Hadawi, 1970, p.95
- Morris, 2004, p. 91
- Morris, 2004, p. 127
- Morris, 2004, p. 128
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Abu Kishk.|
- Hadawi, Sami (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
- Khalidi, Walid (1992). All That Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948. Washington D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies. ISBN 0-88728-224-5.
- Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas (PDF). Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Morris, Benny (2004). The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-00967-6.
- Welcome To Abu Kishk
- Abu Kishk, at Khalil Sakakini Cultural Center
- Al-Haram (Sidna Ali) in the memory of Herzliya, by Eitan Bronstein, with Norma Muish, from Zochrot