Abu Road Railway Station
|Elevation||263 m (863 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Abu Road (Rajasthani: आबूरोड ) is a city and municipality in Sirohi district of Rajasthan state in western India. It is the tehsil headquarters of Abu Road Tehsil by that name. It lies southeast of Mount Abu and its railway station is an important stop on the main Indian Railways line between Delhi and Ahmedabad. It is the largest city in Sirohi district in terms of area and is a financial hub too. Mount Abu is 27 km up the hill from Abu Road.
The old name of Abu Road city was Kharadi. The Rajputana Malwa Railway set up the railway station here on December 30, 1880, and the station was named Abu Road. The road to Mount Abu was built in 1845, during the rule of Maharao Shiv Singh of Sirohi.
Abu Road is located at  on the banks of river west banas. It has an average elevation of 263 m (863 ft). The Abu Road city is the biggest city in the Sirohi district.
As of the 2001 India census, Abu Road had a population of 47,320. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Abu Road has an average literacy rate of 68%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. 60% of the males and 40% of females are literate. 15% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Abu Road enjoys all types of weather. In Summer, it's hot and humid with an average temperature of 40 Degrees with hot sandy winds. However just before monsoon it becomes hot along with humidity. In Winter, it's 7 to 14 degrees, which is quite cold as compared to other cities in Rajasthan and in Monsoon, the average rainfall is about 14 to 20 inches per season.
Abu Road is famous for its Rabri. It is a milk product which gives a sweet taste. People from nearby towns and cities come to consume it.
RIICO Industrial Area
RIICO Industrial Area is spread over an expanse of 2,000 acres (8.1 km2). The main industries are marble & granite, miniature cement plants, HDPE bags, synthetic yarns, mineral grinding, ABS resin, and insulators.
The railway's diesel shed located here provides employment to a large number of people and holds an important place in town's economy. The Diesel Shed at Abu Road was commissioned by Indian Railways as a metre gauge shed on 26 October 1966. It was then the largest MG shed of Western Railway with holdings of 112 locomotives. With broad gauge conversion under Project Unigauge, the shed was converted to a BG shed with holdings of 60 locomotives. There are 68 supervisors and 570 workers in the shed.
A diesel training centre is located at the shed that conducts promotional, refresher and special courses for locomotive running staff as well as formal training of shed maintenance staff.
The city being the largest city in Sirohi district is well-connected by road and rail.
Abu Road railway station comes under the administrative control of North Western Railway zone of the Indian Railways. It has direct rail links on the broad gauge to the cities of Chennai, Thiruvananthapuram, Mysore, Bangalore, Pune, Mumbai, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Delhi, Dehradun, Muzaffarpur, Bareilly and Jammu. It is connected to most of the cities and towns in Gujarat such as Ahmedabad, Surat, Vadodra, Bhuj and Porbandar. Thus providing transport facility to Sirohi and Jalor district.
National Highway 14 connecting Beawar in Rajasthan with Radhanpur in Gujarat passes through Abu Road, thus connecting it with the cities of Pali, Palanpur. Further, State Highways in Gujarat SH 712, SH 132 pass through Palanpur and connect Abu Road with nearby towns in Gujarat. State Highway SH 41 connects it with Mehsana & Ahmedabad.
Abu Road has its own Air Strip which is not in use for transport purpose. However, It is used for ministers campaigns and meetings. The nearest Domestic Airport is the Maharana Pratap Airport, Udaipur which is 164 km away and nearest International Airport is the Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport, Ahemdabad which is 193 km far.
Abu Road is well known for its education level. Many students comes to this city to get knowledge. Before 1994,there were only a few govt. schools and colleges but now it is difficult to count schools in this city.Some of its schools are:
- Adarsh Vidya Mandir, Abu Road
- H.G International School, Abu Road
- St Anselm's Sr Sec School, Abu Road
- St John's Sr Sec School, Abu Road
- St Paul's Sr Sec School, Abu Road
- B.S Memorial School, Abu Road
- Royal Rajasthan Public School, Abu Road
- Railway Senior Secondary School, Abu Road (First Senior Secondary school established by Indian Railway)
- Govt. sr. sec. School, Abu Road (Darbar)
- Shri Vedic Kanya Senior Secondary School, Abu Road is one of the girls' schools in the city
Some of colleges and universities are:
- Madhav University, Abu Road
- Chartered Institute of Technology, Abu Road
- Uttam Prakash Agarwal Chartered Accountants Academy, Abu Road
- U.S.B Group of colleges, Abu Road
- S.M.C.C, Abu Road ( a commerce college)
- Brainwaves College of Management, Abu Road
- Shrimati Chandrawal college of Bed, Abu Road
- Adarsh college of professional studies
- Global Institute of Healthcare Management (GIHM)http://gihmdelhi.com/
Places of interest
- Bhadrakali Temple
- Siyava village
- Mount Abu
- Brahma Kumaris World Spiritual University
- Shree Pavapuri Tirth Dham, a Jain temple complex and Gau Shala
- Brahma Kumaris World Spiritual Organization
- New Town, An integrated Township of international standard
- Rishikesh- Lord Vishnu Temple
- Karnikeshwar Mahadev
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Abu Road
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.