Abu Snan

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Abu Snan
Hebrew transcription(s)
 • Hebrew אַבּוּ סְנָן, אבו סנאן
 • ISO 259 ʔabbu-Snaˀn
Arabic transcription(s)
 • Arabic أبو سنان
Abu Snan local council building.
Abu Snan local council building.
Official logo of Abu Snan
Logo
Abu Snan is located in Israel
Abu Snan
Abu Snan
Coordinates: 32°57′N 35°10′E / 32.950°N 35.167°E / 32.950; 35.167Coordinates: 32°57′N 35°10′E / 32.950°N 35.167°E / 32.950; 35.167
District Northern
Government
 • Type Local council
Area
 • Total 4,750 dunams (4.75 km2 or 1.83 sq mi)
Population (2012)[1]
 • Total 12,596
Name meaning "Produsing pasturage, especially such plants as "sorrel""[2]

Abu Snan (Arabic: أبو سنان‎; Hebrew: אַבּוּ סְנָן) is an Arab local council in the Galilee region of northern Israel, with an area of 4,750 dunams (4.75 km²). It achieved recognition as an independent local council in 1964. It is a religiously mixed town, with a Muslim majority and sizable Druze and Christian minorities.

History[edit]

Abu Snan is an ancient village site, where old dressed stones have been reused in modern houses. Graves, oil or vine -presses, and cisterns have been found cut in rock.[3]

Crusaders[edit]

In about 1250 Abu Snan is noted as a casale of the Teutonic Knights, called Busnen.[4] Under the name Tusyan, probably a corruption of Busenan, Abu Snan was mentioned as part of the domain of the Crusaders during the hudna between the Crusaders based in Acre and the Mamluk sultan al-Mansur (Qalawun) declared in 1283.[5] No Crusader remains have yet been identified in the village.[6]

Ottoman period[edit]

In 1517, Abu Snan was with the rest of Palestine incorporated into the Ottoman Empire after it was captured from the Mamluks, and by 1596, it appeared in the Ottoman tax registers as part of the Nahiya of Akka of the Liwa of Safad. It had a population of 102 households and 3 bachelors, all Muslims.[7]

When French explorer Victor Guérin visited the village in 1875, he estimated the population of Abu Senan to be 400, of whom 260 were Druzes and 140 "Schismatic Greeks".[8] Guérin also wrote that "Abu Senan has succeeded an ancient town, as is proved by cisterns cut in rock, and a considerable quantity of cut-stones, now used for modern buildings."[9] Fragments from an older building is used in a chapel for St. George.[10]

In 1881, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described Abu Senan as a stone-built village situated on the low hill near the plain, surrounded by olive groves and arable land, and with many cisterns of rain-water. The population consisted of 150 Christians and 100 Muslims.[11]

British rule[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Abu Senan had a total population of 518. Of these, 43 were Muslim, 228 Druzes and 247 Christians.[12] Of Abou Senan's 247 Christians, 196 were Orthodox, 44 Roman Catholics, 4 Melekite and 3 Maronites.[13]

In the 1931 census it had increased to a population of 605, in 102 inhabited houses. Of these, 20 were Muslim, 274 Christians, and 311 Druzes.[14]

In 1945 the population of Abu Sinan was 820, all Arabs, who owned 13,043 dunams of land according to an official land and population survey.[15] 2,172 dunams were plantations and irrigable land, 7,933 used for cereals,[16] while 69 dunams were built-up (urban) land.[17]

Demographics[edit]

Abu Snan had a population of 13,000 (2014), 7,000 of whom are Muslim, 4,000 Druze, and 2,000 Arab Christian.[18]

Income[edit]

According to Israel's Central Bureau of Statistics, the town had a low ranking (3 out of 10) on the country's socioeconomic index (December 2001). Only 63.6% of students are entitled to a matriculation certificate after Grade 12 (2000). The average salary that year was NIS 3,629 per month, whereas the national average was NIS 6,835.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Locality File" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2012. Retrieved October 30, 2013. 
  2. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 37
  3. ^ Dauphin, 1998, p. 639
  4. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, p 153
  5. ^ Dan Barag (1979). "A new source concerning the ultimate borders of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem". Israel Exploration Journal 29: 197–217. 
  6. ^ Pringle, 1997, p. 119
  7. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 191
  8. ^ Guérin, 1880, p. 21, as translated by Conder and Kitchener, 1881, p. 144
  9. ^ Guérin, 1880, p. 21, as translated by Conder and Kitchener, 1881, p. 160
  10. ^ Dauphin, 1998, p. 639
  11. ^ Conder and Kitchener, p. 144
  12. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XI, Sub-district of Acre
  13. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XVI
  14. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 99
  15. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in S. Hadawi, Village Statistics, 1945. PLO Research Center, 1970, p. 40
  16. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in S. Hadawi, Village Statistics, 1945. PLO Research Center, 1970, p. 80
  17. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in S. Hadawi, Village Statistics, 1945. PLO Research Center, 1970, p. 130
  18. ^ Hassan Shaalan, 'Muslim-Druze clashes started over kaffiyeh dispute,' Ynet 15 November 2014.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]