Abu al-Fadl, Ramle

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Abu al-Fadl
Abu al-Fadl is located in Mandatory Palestine
Abu al-Fadl
Abu al-Fadl
Arabic أبو الفضل/السطرية
Also spelled al-Satariyya
Subdistrict Ramle
Coordinates 31°56′36.55″N 34°50′53.20″E / 31.9434861°N 34.8481111°E / 31.9434861; 34.8481111Coordinates: 31°56′36.55″N 34°50′53.20″E / 31.9434861°N 34.8481111°E / 31.9434861; 34.8481111
Population 510[1] (1945)
Area 2,870[1] dunams
Date of depopulation 9 May 1948[2]
Cause(s) of depopulation Influence of nearby town's fall
Current localities Sitriya[3]

Abu al-Fadl (Arabic: أبو الفضل/السطرية‎) was a Palestinian village in the Ramle Subdistrict, about 4 km (2.5 mi) northwest of Ramla in, what was until 1948, Mandatory Palestine. The village was also known as al-Satariyya. In 1945/44, the village had a population of 510.

History[edit]

The village land was owned by the Islamic waqf of Fadl ibn Abbas, possibly a cousin of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, after whom the village was named.[4] In the Palestine Index Gazetteer, Abu al-Fadl was classified as a hamlet.[4]

In 1944/45 the village had a population of 510. A total of 818 dunums of village land was used for citrus and bananas, 1,035 dunums were used for cereals, and 822 dunums were irrigated or used for orchards.[4][5]

1948 and aftermath[edit]

In February 1948 it was reported that ten Arabs, one of them a woman, were murdered ("probably") by IZL gunmen, in a grove, where they apparently worked, near the village.[6] This was one of the massacres of Palestinian civilians which was said to "erode Arab morale".[7]

The villagers probably left their homes in the second week of May 1948 during Operation Barak. This campaign was undertaken by the Givati Brigade commanded by Shimon Avidan; its objective was to clear the villages south of Tel Aviv and "cause a wandering of the inhabitants of the smaller settlements in the area". Each ground assault started with a mortar bombardment, followed by the expulsion of the remaining residents and the demolition of houses.[8]

The village was probably permanently occupied during the first stage of Operation Danny, 9–12 July 1948. This offensive, commanded by Yitzhak Rabin, resulted in the expulsion of some 70,000 people from the neighbouring towns of Lod and al-Ramla.[9][10]

The Palestinian historian Walid Khalidi, described the place in 1992: "Of the original village houses, no more than five still stand, deserted and nearly collapsing. One of these houses, located at the edge of a citrus grove, is made of cement blocks, with rectangular doors and windows and a tiled, sloping roof. Another house, composed of three units, is located in the middle of a citrus grove. A few cypress trees, castor oil (ricinus) plants, and cactuses grow on the site, and Israeli buildings have been constructed nearby. The surrounding lands are cultivated by Israelis."[11]

The area is now being absorbed by the suburbs of Rishon LeZion.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Hadawi, 1970, p.66
  2. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xix, village #233. Also gives causes of depopulation.
  3. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xxi, Settlement #87, established 1949.
  4. ^ a b c Khalidi, 1992, p. 356.
  5. ^ Hadawi, 1970, p.114
  6. ^ HIS-AD, "HIS Information", 25 Feb. 1948, IDFA 922\75\\1205. Quoted in Morris, 2004, p 80
  7. ^ Morris, 2004, p 424
  8. ^ Benny Morris, 'The birth of the Palestinian refugee problem, 1947-1949. Cambridge University Press, 1987. ISBN 0-521-33028-9. page 126.
  9. ^ Khalidi, 1992, p. 356, 357.
  10. ^ Morris, pages 203-211.
  11. ^ Khalidi, 1992, p. 357

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]