|Known for||Leader of ISWAP|
|Allegiance|| Boko Haram
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
|Years of service||2002–present|
|Rank||ISIL Emir of West Africa|
|Battles/wars||Boko Haram insurgency|
Abubakar Shekau, also known by the alias Darul Akeem wa Zamunda Tawheed, or Darul Tawheed ("the abode of monotheism") (Arabic: دار التوحيد), is the leader of Boko Haram, a Nigerian terrorist group that has declared loyalty to Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. He served as deputy leader to the group's founder, Mohammed Yusuf, until Yusuf was killed in 2009. Nigerian authorities believed that Shekau was killed in 2009 during clashes between security forces and Boko Haram until July 2010, when Shekau appeared in a video claiming leadership of the group. He has subsequently been reported dead with regularity, and is thought to use body doubles.
In videos Shekau posted online, he boasted often about his invincibility; mocked various armies; and stated that he "cannot be stopped" and "cannot die except by the will of Allah". He has also boasted of being in possession of armored tanks and other combat vehicles.  His online videos frequently depict anti-American rhetoric, and he has made multiple threats to attack the U.S.
In June 2012 the United States Department of State designated Shekau as a terrorist and effectively froze his assets in the United States. Since June 2013, the Department has had a standing reward of US$7 million for information leading to Shekau's capture through its Rewards for Justice program. In addition, the Nigerian army has offered a ₦50 million reward (approximately US$300,000) for Shekau.
Shekau survived being shot in the leg during the 2009 attempt on his life by Nigerian security forces. After his near death, he increased his violent attacks. In one prominent incident, he took credit for the kidnapping of over 200 school girls in April 2014. Shekau also announced that the kidnapped girls have been converted to Islam. He has claimed to be waging a jihad against Christianity.
Shekau is also very computer proficient, leading Boko Haram with ties to the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, private and caliphates in cyber espionage with many advantages. Shekau has confirmed he owns the Twitter handle @DarulTawheed in a released video, proving he is still alive, and threatening to disrupt the presidential election.
Shekau was born in Niger, although it has also been claimed that he was born in Shekau village in Yobe State of Nigeria. His age is unclear -- many speculate he is 34 or 35 years old, though others have claimed he is as old as 43. He is married to one of Muhammad Yusuf's four wives.
Reports of death and body doubles
Shekau was reported killed in 2009 but reappeared as the group leader less than a year later. The Nigerian army also stated to have killed him during the 2014 Battle of Kodunga that lasted from September 12 to 14th. The Cameroonian military posted a photo and also claimed that their forces killed Shekau in September 2014. In response to these reports, security analyst Ryan Cummings commented, "Is this his fourth or fifth death? He dies more often than an iPhone battery." In early October 2014, a video was obtained by AFP news agency that showed Shekau alive, in which he mocked the Nigerian military's allegations that he had been killed.
According to The National Post, Nigerian government officials say that the original Shekau is long dead, but impostors keep popping up to perpetuate the myth that Shekau is unbeatable. His appearance and name are now a “brand name for the terrorists. … The Nigerian military remains resolute to serve justice to anyone who assumes that designation or title.” There are inconsistencies between videos purportedly made by Shekau, such as his speaking in different cadences and with varying mannerisms. “In some cases he appears much heavier or much darker in skin color, and the posturing is very different between each man,” according to TRAC.
- Islamist insurgency in Nigeria
- Sharia in Nigeria
- Terrorism Research & Analysis Consortium
- Slavery in 21st-century Islamism
- Brock, Joe (2012-01-12). "Nigeria sect leader defends killings in video". Reuters Africa (Thomson Reuters). Retrieved 2012-01-24.
- Jacinto, Leela (2012-01-13). "The Boko Haram terror chief who came back from the dead". France 24. Retrieved 2012-01-24.
- BBC: "Nigeria's Boko Haram leader Abubakar Shekau in profile" 9 May 2014
- "Profile of Nigeria's Boko Haram leader Abubakar Shekau". BBC News. 22 June 2012.
- Terrence McCoy (May 6, 2014). "The man behind the Nigerian girls’ kidnappings and his death-defying mystique". Washington Post.
- "Boko Haram leader, believed dead, appears in new video". UPI. Sep 24, 2013.
- Windrem, Robert (2014-05-17). "Boko Haram Leader Abubakar Shekau: the Man Who Would Be Africa's Bin Laden". NBC News. Retrieved 2014-06-06.
- "Boko Haram leaders are designated as terrorists by US". BBC News. June 22, 2012. Retrieved June 22, 2012.
- "Rewards for Justice - First Reward Offers for Terrorists in West Africa". U.S. Department of State. June 3, 2013.
- "Rewards for Justice profile". Rewardsforjustice.net. Retrieved 2014-06-06.
- "Nigeria army offers $1.8 mln reward for Boko Haram leaders". Reuters. November 24, 2012.
- Boko Haram and the Future of Nigeria, by Dr. Jacques Neheriah Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs
- "Boko Haram Leader Pledges War Against Christians; Scoffs at Gays Saying Even Animals Know Better". Christianpost.com. 2014-05-16. Retrieved 2014-06-06.
- "Nigeria's Boko Haram leader Abubakar Shekau in profile". BBC News. Retrieved 19 January 2015.
- "Nigerian Army confirms death of fake Abubakar Shekau". vanguardngr.com. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
- "Boko Haram Leader Abubakar Shekau Reported Killed Again — This Time by Cameroon's Army". VICE News. Retrieved 19 January 2015.
- "L'armée camerounaise aurait tué le leader de Boko Haram Abubakar Shekau". African Manager. 21 September 2014. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
- "Boko Haram fighters 'surrender' as alleged chief killed". BBC News. 24 September 2014. Archived from the original on 25 September 2014. Retrieved 24 September 2014.
- "Military kills Abubakar Shekau ‘again’". The Punch. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
- "Boko Haram leader dismisses claims of his death in new video". Yahoo News. 2 October 2014. Retrieved 19 January 2015.
- "Boko Haram video shows leader alive". BBC News. 2 October 2014. Retrieved 3 October 2014.
- "Has Cameroon's army killed Boko Haram's leader Abubakar Shekau? - Daily Mail Online". Mail Online. Retrieved 19 January 2015.
- Terrence McCoy, Washington Post (25 September 2014). "The myth of the unkillable Abubakar Shekau: Is the feared Boko Haram leader dead, or was it a double?". National Post. Retrieved 19 January 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Abubakar Shekau.|
- Boko Haram: Its Beginnings, Principles and Activities in Nigeria (PDF), PDF: Islamic Studies Department, University of Bayero.
- National Counterterrorism Center: Profile Abubakar Shekau
- Terrorism Research & Analysis Consortium (TRAC)