Abul Hasan Ali Hasani Nadwi

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Abul Hasan Ali Hasani Nadwi
Abul Hasan Ali Nadwi.jpg
Born (1914-11-24)November 24, 1914
Raebareli, India
Died December 31, 1999(1999-12-31) (aged 85)
Raebareli, India
Alma mater Darul-uloom Nadwatul Ulama, Darul Uloom Deoband[1]
Awards King Faisal International Prize[2] (1980)
Era 20th Century
Region India
School Qadiriyya wa Naqshbandiyya[1]
Notable ideas Islamic democracy, Interfaith dialogue[1]
Influences
Website
abulhasanalinadwi.org

Abul Hasan Ali Hasani Nadwi (Urdu: ابوالحسن علی حسنی ندوی ‎; 24 November 1914 - 31 December 1999) also spelt Abul Hasan Ali Hasani Nadvi (affectionately 'Ali Miyan'[3]) was an Indian, Islamic scholar, and author of over fifty books in various languages.[4][5]

Education[edit]

He was born on 5 December 1913 into a scholastic family. He received his early education at his home in Takia, Raebareli, Uttar Pradesh, India. His mother initiated his early training in Quranic studies; he later entered formal education in Arabic, Persian and Urdu.

His father, Hakim Syed Abdul Hai, wrote an 8-volumes Arabic encyclopaedia called Nuzhat al Khawatir (biographical notices of more than 5,000 theologian and jurists of the Sub-continent).[6]

Nadwi received most of his advanced education at the Dar al-'Ulum of the Nadwat al-'Ulama in Lucknow.[7]

Writings[edit]

Abul Hassan Ali Nadwi primarily wrote in Arabic, although also in Urdu, and wrote more than fifty books on history, theology, and biography, and thousands of seminar papers, articles, and recorded speeches.[4][8]

He wrote the book Maza Khasiral Alam be Inhitat al-Muslimeen, translated into English as Islam and the World.

The Islamist Syed Qutb commended Nadwi's writings for his use of the word jahiliyya to describe not a particular age in history (as earlier Muslim scholars did) but a state of moral corruption and materialism.[9]

Honours and awards[edit]

Access to the Kaabah[edit]

In 1951, during his second pilgrimage (Hajj) to Makkah the key-bearer of the Kaabah (Islam's holiest building), opened its door for two days and allowed Abul Hassan Ali Nadwi to take anyone he chose inside.

He was subsequently given the key to the Kaabah to allow him to enter whenever he chose during his pilgrimage.[15]

Death[edit]

Abul Hasan Ali Hasani Nadwi died on 23 Ramadan, 1420 AH (December 31, 1999) in Raebareli, India at the age of 86.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Biography". 
  2. ^ "King Faisal International Prize". 
  3. ^ David Arnold, Stuart H. Blackburn, Telling Lives in India: Biography, Autobiography, and Life History, p 127. ISBN 025321727X
  4. ^ a b Syed Ziaur Rahman, Maulana Ali Mian – Life, Works and Association with My Family, We and You (A monthly magazine), Aligarh, April 2000, p. 16-18
  5. ^ http://www.central-mosque.com/biographies/nadwi.htm
  6. ^ Sayed Khatab, The Political Thought of Sayyid Qutb: The Theory of Jahiliyyah, Routledge (2006), p. 207
  7. ^ Roxanne Leslie Euben, Princeton Readings in Islamist Thought: Texts and Contexts from Al-Banna to Bin Laden, p 107. ISBN 9780691135885
  8. ^ "The Great Muslims of the 20th Century India" By Mohsin Atique Khan
  9. ^ Roxanne Leslie Euben, Princeton Readings in Islamist Thought: Texts and Contexts from Al-Banna to Bin Laden, p 108. ISBN 9780691135885
  10. ^ John L. Esposito, The Oxford Dictionary of Islam, p 226. ISBN 0195125592
  11. ^ Roxanne Leslie Euben, Princeton Readings in Islamist Thought: Texts and Contexts from Al-Banna to Bin Laden, p 110. ISBN 9780691135885
  12. ^ "Timeline". 
  13. ^ Roxanne Leslie Euben, Princeton Readings in Islamist Thought: Texts and Contexts from Al-Banna to Bin Laden, p 109. ISBN 9780691135885
  14. ^ "Sheikh Muhammad". 
  15. ^ "Ali Mian". July 19, 1999. Retrieved 21 April 2014. 
  16. ^ Miriam Cooke, Bruce B. Lawrence, Muslim Networks from Hajj to Hip Hop, p90. ISBN 0807876313

External links[edit]