Abul Hasan Ali Hasani Nadwi
December 5, 1913|
|Died||December 31, 1999
|School||Qadiriyya wa Naqshbandiyya|
|Alma mater||Darul-uloom Nadwatul Ulama, Darul Uloom Deoband|
|Notable ideas||Islamic democracy, Interfaith dialogue|
|Awards||King Faisal International Prize|
Abul Hasan Ali Hasani Nadwi (Urdu: ابوالحسن علی حسنی ندوی ; 5 December 1913 - 31 December 1999) also spelt Abul Hasan Ali Hasani Nadvi (affectionately 'Ali Miyan') was an Indian historian, Islamic scholar, and author of well over fifty books in various languages.
He was born on 5 December 1913 into a scholastic family who are descendents of the Prophet Muhammad through the lineage of his grandson Hassan. He received his early education at his home in Takia, Raebareli, Uttar Pradesh, India. His mother initiated his early training in Quranic studies; he later entered formal education in Arabic, Persian and Urdu. When he was nine years old, his father Hakim Syed Abdul Hai died (1923 AD), he was himself scholar of high repute, writing amongst other works a 8-volumes Arabic encyclopaedia called Nuzhat al Khawatir (biographical notices of more than 5000 theologian and jurists of the Sub-continent), and the responsibility of his education then came to his mother and his elder brother Maulana Hakim Syed Abdul Ali Hasani, who was a medical student and a graduate of Darul-uloom Nadwatul Ulama. Following his brother, Abul Hassan enrolled in Darul-uloom Nadwatul Ulama where he learnt Arabic, Urdu, English, theology and Islamic studies. He received his formal Arabic education under the guidance of Allama Khalil Arab in 1924 A.D. and completed his Arabic studies under him. He attended the Dars of Hadith by Allama Muhaddith Haider Husain Khan and Sahiyen-Sanana-Abudaud and learned Sunan al-Tirmidhi word by word from him. In 1927 He took admission in Lucknow university and obtained the degree of Fazil. In this period of University Education between 1927–30, He learnt English language which helped him to study English books on various Islamic topics and gain useful information directly.
He visited Lahore in 1932 to receive the teaching in the commentary (Tafseer) in selected surah from a well known Mufassir Sheikh Maulana Khalil Ahsan and studied the complete Tafsir of The Quran by Maulana Ahmad Ali Lahoree. In the same year he also stayed few months at Darul Uloom Deoband where he took lessons from Husain Ahmed Madni in Sunan al-Tirmidhi and Sahih al-Bukhari. He also took advantage of his stay and learnt commentary and Quranic science and subjects. He also took lesson in Fiqh from Shiek Aizaz Ali and also lessons in Tajwid (following the Hafs school of Qirat) from Qari Ashgahr Ali Sahib.
Sheikh Abul Hassan Ali Nadwi primarily wrote in Arabic, although also in Urdu, and produced more than fifty books on such topics as history, theology, and biography. His seminar papers, articles, and recorded speeches number in the thousands.
His book Maza Khasiral Alam be Inhitat al-Muslimeen, translated into English as Islam and the World had a great impact[clarification needed] and increased his visibility in the Arab world at a time when the influence of the British, French, Russians, and Germans was an issue of contention.
Honours and awards
- 1956 Visiting member of Arab Academy of Damascus
- 1962 Secretary of the first inaugural session and foundation of Muslim World League in Mecca.
- 1963 Founder member of the advisory council, Islamic University of Madinah
- 1980 King Faisal Award
- 1980 Chairman of Islamic Centre Oxford.
- 1981 Honorary Degree of Ph.D. from Kashmir University.
- 1999 ‘The personality of the year’ award established by Sheikh Mohammed of United Arab Emirates.
- 1999 Sultan Brunei Award by Oxford Islamic Center on his work of ‘Tareekh Dawat-o-Azeemat’
Institutional positions and affiliations
He was a founder member of the Muslim World League (Al Rabita Al 'Alam Al Islami), a member of the Organisation of Islamic Conference (OIC), a member of the World Supreme Council of Mosques, and a member of the Fiqh Council of Rabita. He was also a member of Advisory Council of the Islamic University of Madinah al-Munawwarah, a founder member of its Supreme Council, and a member of the Academy of Arts and Letters of Damascus. He was also a founder member of the League of the Islamic Literature in India.
He participated in many other activities through Islamic organizations and institutions; including the World Assembly of Muslim Youth (WAMY). In India, he was a rector of Nadwatul Ulama, and president of the Academy of Islamic Research and Publications. He was highly respected by Ulama and political leaders alike, and in 1980, he was awarded the prestigious King Faisal International Prize for serving Islam. He was also awarded the Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah International Prize and an 'Islamic Scholarship' plaque by Oxford university in 1999.
Wrote: "Islam and the World" (1961, 1973), English language.
Honour of Entering the Kaabah
In 1951 During his second Hajj (Pilgrimage) the key-bearer of Holy Kaabah, opened its door continuously for two days and allowed Sh Abul Hassan Ali Nadwi to take anyone into the Holy Kaabah at his discretion for two days.
On 8th Sha`ban 1417 Hijri (December, 1996) the heir of the Bani Shaibah family, (the key-bearers of the Kaabah) honoured Sheikh Abul Hassan by placing the key at the door of Kaabah and asking him to open it, Sh Abul Hassan offered prayers and supplicated inside the Kaabah at the request of Prince Mishaal bin Abdulaziz Al Saud. He was subsequently given the key to the Kaabah to allow him to enter the Kaabah when he chose during his pilgrimage.
In 1963 he was also given the honour of addressing the Pilgrims from the Musalla Shafa`i in Masjid al Haram in Mecca two days prior to the Hajj pilgrimage in 1963.
Syed Abul Hasan Ali Hasani Nadwi died on 23 Ramadan, 1420 AH (December 31, 1999) in Raebareli, India at the age of 86. More than 200,000 people attended his burial and the prayer was led by his nephew and successor Mulana Muhammad Raby Nadawi. He was buried near Shah Alam-ullah, founder of Takiah Kalan. Salat al Janazah prayers were concurrently held for him in Masjid al Haram in Mecca and Masjid an Nabwi, Madinah in light of the high regard in which he was held by the Ulema of Arabia.
- "King Faisal International Prize".
- Syed Ziaur Rahman, Maulana Ali Mian – Life, Works and Association with My Family, We and You (A monthly magazine), Aligarh, April 2000, p. 16-18
- Sayed Khatab, The Political Thought of Sayyid Qutb: The Theory of Jahiliyyah, Routledge (2006), p. 207
- "The Great Muslims of the 20th Century India" By Mohsin Atique Khan
- "Sheikh Muhammad".