Abuta

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For other uses, see Abuta (disambiguation).
Abuta
Abuta selloana.jpg
Abuta selloana: Illustrations A-F from A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich 46
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Menispermaceae
Genus: Abuta
Aubl.
Species

See List of Abuta species

Abuta is a genus in the flowering plant family Menispermaceae, of about 32 species, native to tropical Central and South America.

Description[edit]

It consists in dioecious climbers or rarely erect trees or shrubs (Abuta concolor) with simple leaves. Flowers in composed panicles. Male flowers: sepals 6, in 2 whorls, petals absent, stamens 6, connate or free, introrse, anthers with a longitudinal or transverse dehiscence. Female flowers: sepals and petals as in male, staminodes 6, carpels 3, drupes ovoid, endocarp woody, condyle septiform, endosperm ruminate, embryo curved, cotyledons appressed. It is in the tropical rain forest.

Taxonomy[edit]

Abuta is usually classified in the tribe Anomospermeae Miers, together with Anomospermum Miers.

Synonymy[edit]

The genera Anelasma Miers and Batschia Thunb. have been brought into synonymy with Abuta.

Uses[edit]

Abuta is one of the components of the arrow poison curare of some indigenous tribes of South America (especially Abuta imene from Colombia). Roots of Abuta rufescens are used as medicinal in diseases of the urogenital tract, but it is dangerous.[1]

The dichloromethane extracts of Abuta grandifolia and Minthostachys setosa (Labiatae) demonstrated high larvicidal activity against Aedes aegypti, the most active being the dichloromethane extract of A. grandifolia.[2]

Selected species[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mabberley, D. J. (1997). The Plant-Book (2nd ed.). Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-41421-0. LCCN 96030091. 
  2. ^ Ciccia, G.; Coussio, J.; Mongelli, E. (2000). "Insecticidal activity against Aedes aegypti larvae of some medicinal South American plants". Journal of Ethnopharmacology 72 (1): 185–189. doi:10.1016/S0378-8741(00)00241-5. PMID 10967471. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Diels, L. (1910). "Menispermaceae". In Engler, A.. Das Pflanzenreich (in (Latin) and (German)). IV.94 (Fasc. 46). Leipzig (Germany): Engelmann.  [monographic revision of the genus]
  • Barneby, R. C.; Krukoff, B. A. (1971). "Supplementary Notes on American Menispermaceae VIII. A Generic Survey of the American Triclisieae and Anomospermeae". Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 22 (2): 30–52. ISBN 978-0-89327-075-9.  [taxonomic partial revision]
  • Kessler, P. J. A. (1993). Kubitzki, K., ed. Flowering plants, dicotyledons : magnoliid, hamamelid, and caryophyllid families. The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants 2. Berlin: Springer-Verlag. ISBN 3-540-55509-9. LCCN 93019190. 

External links[edit]