Abutilon indicum

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Abutilon indicum
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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malvales
Family: Malvaceae
Genus: Abutilon
Species: A. indicum
Binomial name
Abutilon indicum
(Link) Sweet[1]
Synonyms

Sida indica L.

Abutilon indicum (Indian Abutilon, Indian Mallow; is a small shrub in the Malvaceae family, native to tropic and subtropical regions and sometimes cultivated as an ornamental.[2] This plant is often used as a medicinal plant and is considered invasive on certain tropical islands.[1]

  • Tamil name: "thuthi"
  • Sanskrit name: अतिबला Atibalaa
  • Telugu name: Duvvena Kayalu

Distribution[edit]

The species occurs in a number of tropical and subtropical zones. An example occurrence is within parts of the Great Barrier Reef islands of the Coral Sea.[3]

Traditional medicine[edit]

In traditional medicine, A. indicum various parts of the plant are used as a demulcent, aphrodisiac, laxative, diuretic, sedative, astringent, expectorant, tonic, anti-inflammatory, anthelmintic, and analgesic and to treat leprosy, ulcers, headaches, gonorrhea, and bladder infection.[4] The whole plant is uprooted, dried and is powdered. In ancient days, maidens were made to consume a spoonful of this powder with a spoonful of honey, once in a day, for 6 months until the day of marriage, for safe and quick pregnancy.[citation needed]

The plant is very much used in Siddha medicines. The root, bark, flowers, leaves and seeds are all used for medicinal purposes by Tamils.[citation needed] The leaves are used as adjunct to medicines used for pile complaints. The flowers are used to increase semen in men.[5][unreliable medical source?]

Chemistry[edit]

β-Sitosterol is present in A. indicum and a petroleum ether extract has larvicidal properties against the mosquito larvae Culex quinquefasciatus.[6] A methanol extract of A. indicum has some antimicrobial properties.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Abutilon indicum". Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk. Retrieved 2008-06-18. 
  2. ^ Matlwaska (2002). "Flavonoid compounds in the flowers of Abutilon indicum (Linn.) Sweet". Acia Poloniac Pharmaceutic - Drug Research 59 (3): 227–229. 
  3. ^ C.Michael Hogan (2011). "Coral Sea". In P. Saundry & C.J. Cleveland. Encyclopedia of Earth. Washington DC: National Council for Science and the Environment. 
  4. ^ Nishanta Rajakaruna, Cory S. Harris and G.H.N. Towers (2002). "Antimicrobial Activity of Plants Collected from Serpentine Outcrops in Sri Lanka". Pharmaceutical Biology 40 (3): 235–244. doi:10.1076/phbi.40.3.235.5825. 
  5. ^ J.Raamachandran, "HERBS OF SIDDHA MEDICINES-The First 3D Book on Herbs, p4[full citation needed]
  6. ^ A. Abdul Rahuman, Geetha Gopalakrishnan, P. Venkatesan and Kannappan Geetha (2008). "Isolation and identification of mosquito larvicidal compound from Abutilon indicum (Linn.) Sweet". Parasitology Research 102 (5). 
  7. ^ Jigna Parekh, Nehal Karathia, Sumitra Chanda (2006). "Screening of some traditionally used medicinal plants for potential antibacterial activity". Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 68 (6): 832. doi:10.4103/0250-474X.31031. 

External links[edit]