Abutilon pictum

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Abutilon pictum
Redvein Abutilon.jpg
Abutilon pictum flower
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malvales
Family: Malvaceae
Genus: Abutilon
Species: A. pictum
Binomial name
Abutilon pictum
(Gillies) Walp.
Synonyms

Abutilon striatum

Abutilon pictumsyn. Abutilon striatum,(disputed)[1] and commonly known as Redvein Abutilon, Red Vein Indian Mallow, Redvein Flowering Maple, Chinese-lantern[2] or Red vein Chinese lanterns, is a species of Abutilon in the Malvaceae family. [3] It is native to southern Brazil and Argentina, and Paraguay and Uruguay. The plant has become naturalised in Central America, and common in horticulture.

Description[edit]

Abutilon pictum is a shrub growing to 5 metres (16 ft) tall by 2 2 metres (6.6 ft) wide. [4] The leaves are 5–15 cm long, three- to five- (rarely seven-) lobed.

The yellow to orange-red bell shaped flowers have prominent dark red veining, with five petals 2–4 cm long. It blooms from April to September, and longer in warmer subtropical areas. The flowers attract pollinators, such as native bees and hummingbirds.[4]

Uses[edit]

Culinary[edit]

The flowers are edible, raw or cooked, with the sweet flavor increasing the longer the bloom is open.[4]

Cultivation[edit]

Abutilon pictum is cultivated as a popular ornamental plant, for use in gardens in subtropical climates. They are also planted in containers or pots, on patios and balconies outdoors, or as winter house plants. [4]

The plant can grow in light shade or full sun, and is frost tender. It requires moist soil, growing suitably in fertile sandy, loamy, or well-drained clay soils.[4][5]

Cultivars[edit]

Note: both Abutilon pictum and Abutilon striatum are susceptible to Abutilon mosaic virus - while A. pictum simply gets crinkly leaves, A. striatium develops a mottled or variegated leaf that is prized, and often sold as a different variety, notably "Gold dust" in Hawaii.[6]

  • Abutilion pictum "Mardi Gras" — Mardi Gras abutilion (syn: Abutilon pictum "Aureomaculatum"); very vigorous form to 10 ft. by 10 ft. but can be kept smaller/espaliered, has large green leaves splashed boldly with gold, narrow light orange flowers.[7]
  • Abutilon pictum "Thompsonii" — Variegated Thompson's abutilion (syn: Abutilon striatum "Thompsonii"); speckled yellow and green variegated leaves, orange flowers.[8]

References[edit]

  • (Portuguese) LORENZI, H.; SOUZA, M.S. (2001) Plantas Ornamentais no Brasil: arbustivas, herbáceas e trepadeiras. Plantarum ISBN 85-86714-12-7

External links[edit]