|Governorate||Ramallah and al-Bireh|
|• Mayor||Fatima Sihweil|
|• Total||16,205 dunams (16.2 km2 or 6.3 sq mi)|
Abwein (Arabic: عبوين ) is a Palestinian village in the Ramallah and al-Bireh Governorate, located about 37 kilometers north of Ramallah in the northern West Bank. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, Abwein had a population of 6,000 inhabitants in 2007. Most of Abwein's population are descendants of Arabs from Tafilah, in the desert of modern-day Jordan. The largest family in the village is the Sihweil.
Abwein's main agricultural products are olives, figs, grapes, apples, peaches, pears, and vegetables. There are three schools in the town with about 1,200 students and about 200 students are enrolled in various Palestinian universities. Abwein also has three mosques, the largest of which is the Farouk Mosque.
An old Maqam ash-Shaykh Ya'qub appeared neglected, according to Moshe Sharon, professor of early Islamic history at Hebrew University. The tombstone was in secondary use in a terrace. It had an inscription dating to September 1339 in Mamluk naskhi scrip, dedicated to a Hajji Ya'qub, son of Shaikh Dawud b. Ahmad, who died that year. It also refers to the then Mamluk ruler, Al-Nasir Muhammad.
The village was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1517 with all of Palestine, and in 1596 it appeared in the tax registers as being in the nahiya of Quds of the Liwa of Quds. It had a population of 53 households, all Muslim, and paid taxes on wheat, barley, olive trees, vineyards and fruit trees, goats and/or beehives.
The French explorer Victor Guérin visited the village, which he called A'youein, in 1870, and estimated it to have about 300 inhabitants. He described it has having abundant water-source, beautiful walnut-trees, and gardens with figs, olives and pomegranates. In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described Abwein as a village on a hill-slope, with a well to the south, and olive-trees beneath it on the north.
In a census conducted in 1922 by the British Mandate authorities, 'Abwain had a population of 543, all Muslim. By the time of the 1931 census, Ibwein had 171 occupied houses and a population of 695, still all Muslim.
In 1945 the population was 880, all Arabs, while the total land area was 15,007 dunams, according to an official land and population survey. Of this, 1,863 were allocated for plantations and irrigable land, 8,296 for cereals, while 36 dunams were classified as built-up areas.
- 2007 PCBS Census. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. p.112.
- from a personal name, according to Palmer, 1881, p. 221
- Abwein Municipality - Palestine Abwein Municipal Website
- Sharon, 1997, p 14-15
- Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 112.
- Guérin, 1875, p. 169
- Conder and Kitchener, 1882, p. 289
- J. B. Barron, ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine. Table VII, Sub-district of Ramallah.
- Mills, 1932, p. 49.
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in S. Hadawi, Village Statistics, 1945. PLO Research Center, 1970, p. 64
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in S. Hadawi, Village Statistics, 1945. PLO Research Center, 1970, p. 111
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in S. Hadawi, Village Statistics, 1945. PLO Research Center, 1970, p. 161
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- Conder, Claude Reignier; Kitchener, Herbert H. (1882). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology 2. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Guérin, Victor (1875). Description Géographique, Historique et Archéologique de la Palestine. Vol 2, p. 2: Samarie.
- Hadawi, Sami (1970), Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine, Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center
- Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter; Abdulfattah, Kamal (1977). Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft.
- E. Mills, ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Palmer, E. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Sharon, Moshe (1997), Corpus Inscriptionum Arabicarum Palaestinae, Vol. I, A, BRILL, ISBN 9004108335