Abyei (town)

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Abyei
أبيي
View of Abyei town,with traditional dwellings (2009).
View of Abyei town,
with traditional dwellings (2009).
Abyei is located in Sudan
Abyei
Abyei
Location in Sudan
Coordinates: 09°36′0″N 28°26′0″E / 9.60000°N 28.43333°E / 9.60000; 28.43333Coordinates: 09°36′0″N 28°26′0″E / 9.60000°N 28.43333°E / 9.60000; 28.43333
Country Flag of Sudan.svg Sudan
State South Kurdufan
District Abyei
Elevation 1,300 ft (400 m)
Aerial view of Abyei town and environs, in 2009.

Abyei (also spelled Abyēy; Arabic: أبيي‎) is a north-south border town currently in the Abyei Area of the South Kordofan region, in the south of Northern Sudan. The U.N. estimated the town's population at around 20,000 previous to May 2011 events.[1]

The oil-producing and fertile Abyei Area, with Abyei town as its center, is a disputed territorial point of contention in the July 2011 secession of South Sudan process.[1]

History[edit]

2008 Conflict[edit]

Abyei town was almost completely destroyed in May 2008 when tensions escalated between the Sudan People's Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA) and the Sudanese Army Force (SAF) after the Government of South Sudan appointed an administrator for the region, a move the Messiria objected to.[2]

2009[edit]

Some 50,000 of Abyei Town's inhabitants, mostly Dinka fled southwards to Agok in Southern Sudan. Since the signing of the roadmap for the return of the displaced and the implementation of the Abyei Protocol in the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, much of the town was rebuilt by mid-2009.[2][3]

2011[edit]

Abyei referendum[edit]

Whether Abyei Area and town remain part of the South Kordofan region of northern Sudan or to become part of the Bahr el Ghazal region of South Sudan (Republic of South Sudan) was to be decided by a local referendum in 2011.[4] Disagreements over the process, and the recent violent takeover, raise questions whether a vote will be held.[1]

Takeover[edit]

The northern Sudan military succeeded on May 21, 2011 with a forceful takeover of Abyei Area and town.[1] A week after the takeover satellite images show that the Sudanese army burned and razed about one-third of all civilian buildings in the town during the violence.[5] Tens of thousands of Abyei region civilians, including up to 35,000 children, have been displaced by the northern takeover.[5] The satellite image evidence, supporting a claim of state-sponsored ethnic cleansing of much of the contested Abyei town and region, is being submitted to the International Criminal Court (ICC) and the UN Security Council for assessment.[5]

Climate[edit]

Classified by Köppen-Geiger system as tropical wet and dry climate (Aw).

Climate data for Abyei (town)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 34.9
(94.8)
36.3
(97.3)
38.4
(101.1)
38.8
(101.8)
36.8
(98.2)
34.1
(93.4)
31.7
(89.1)
31.2
(88.2)
32.3
(90.1)
33.9
(93)
34.9
(94.8)
34.6
(94.3)
34.82
(94.68)
Daily mean °C (°F) 25.9
(78.6)
27.5
(81.5)
29.9
(85.8)
30.8
(87.4)
30
(86)
28.3
(82.9)
26.7
(80.1)
26.2
(79.2)
26.8
(80.2)
27.4
(81.3)
27.1
(80.8)
26
(79)
27.72
(81.9)
Average low °C (°F) 17
(63)
18.7
(65.7)
21.5
(70.7)
22.8
(73)
23.3
(73.9)
22.5
(72.5)
21.8
(71.2)
21.3
(70.3)
21.4
(70.5)
21
(70)
19.4
(66.9)
17.4
(63.3)
20.68
(69.25)
Precipitation mm (inches) 0
(0)
0
(0)
3
(0.12)
17
(0.67)
72
(2.83)
124
(4.88)
163
(6.42)
185
(7.28)
141
(5.55)
58
(2.28)
2
(0.08)
0
(0)
765
(30.11)
Source: Climate-Data.org[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]