Abyssinian War Medal

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Abyssinian War Medal
1868 Abyssinian Campaign Medal (RLH).png
Obvserse and reverse of the medal
Awarded by UK
Type Campaign medal
Eligibility British and British Indian Army
Awarded for Campaign Service
Campaign 1868 Expedition to Abyssinia
Statistics
Established 1 March 1869
Precedence
Next (higher) New Zealand Medal
Next (lower) Canada General Service Medal
Abyssinian War Medal BAR.svg
Ribbon bar of the medal

The Abyssinian War Medal was awarded for service between 4 October 1867 and 19 April 1868[1] to those who participated in the 1868 Expedition to Abyssinia. This punitive expedition, led by Lieutenant-General Sir Robert Napier, was carried out by armed forces of the British Empire against the Ethiopian Empire. Emperor Tewodros II of Ethiopia, imprisoned several missionaries and two representatives of the British government.[2] The punitive expedition launched by the British in response required the transportation of a sizable military force hundreds of miles across mountainous terrain lacking any road system.

Description[edit]

The medal is silver, 1 1/4 inch in diameter. It was designed by Joseph and Alfred Wyon, and struck at the Royal Mint.[3] The medal is unique in that the recipient's names were stamped in relief on the reverse of the medal. This feature required that the dies for the reverse had to have a removable center so each recipient's name could be impressed.[4]

The obverse bears the left facing effigy of a diademed Queen Victoria. Around the edge is a stylised border with indentions, between the indentions are the letters ABYSSINIA. The bust is similar to that on the New Zealand Medal issued in the same year.[3]

The reverse has a blank central shield, for stamping the recipient's name, surrounded by a laurel wreath.[3]

The medal is held by a ring suspension attached to a crown surmounting the medal. The medal is borne upon a crimson ribbon 1 1/2 inches wide, with white borders.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ United Kingdom: Abyssinian War Medal, Medals of the World, retrieved 28 December 2010
  2. ^ Abyssinian War Medal awarded to AB Seaman T. Simpkin of HMS Spiteful, 1869., The Fitzwilliam Museum, retrieved 28 December 2010
  3. ^ a b c d Mayo, John Horsley (1897). Medals and Decorations of the British Army and Navy, Volume 2. A. Constable. p. 395. 
  4. ^ "An unusual Abyssinia Medal". The collection today › Collection highlights › Medals. The Royal Mint Museum. Retrieved 1 April 2013.