Acacia acuminata

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"Raspberry jam" redirects here. For the preserve, see fruit preserves.
Raspberry jam
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Acacia
Species: A. acuminata
Binomial name
Acacia acuminata
Benth.

Acacia acuminata, commonly known as the raspberry jam tree, fine leaf jam, "raspberry jam" or jam tree, is a shrub in the family Fabaceae. Endemic to Western Australia, it occurs throughout the south west of the State. It is common in the Wheatbelt, and also extends into the semi-arid interior.

Description[edit]

Raspberry jam grows as a tall shrub or small tree. In ideal conditions it may grow to a height of ten metres, but in most of its distribution it does not grow above five metres. As with most Acacia species, it has phyllodes rather than true leaves. These are bright green, around ten centimetres long and about two millimetres wide, and finish in a long point. The lemon yellow flowers are held in tight cylindrical clusters about two centimetres long. The pods are light brown and flattened, about ten centimetres long and five millimetres wide.

Name origin[edit]

The species name acuminata comes from the Latin acuminatus, which means pointed or elongated. This refers to the long point at the end of each leaf. The common name "raspberry jam" refers to the strong odour of freshly cut wood, which resembles raspberry jam.

Growing conditions[edit]

Acacia acuminata has high frost tolerance and medium salt tolerance. It requires at least 250mm/year (9.8in./year) average rainfall.[1]

Uses[edit]

The wood is hard and durable, with an attractive, reddish, close grain. It has been used extensively for fence posts,[2] for ornamental articles, and for high-load applications such as sheave blocks. The wood's "air dried" density is 1040 kg/m³.[3] It is also being used as a companion/host tree with sandalwood (Santalum spicatum) plantations in the Wheatbelt region [4]

Subspecies[edit]

There are no currently recognised subspecies. The taxon previously called Acacia acuminata subsp. burkittii (Benth.) Kodela & Tindale[5] is now considered to be a separate species and is called Acacia burkitti (Benth.) [6]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Dryland Area Species
  2. ^ Qualities Required of Species for Agroforestry and Fuelwood
  3. ^ Aussie Fantom
  4. ^ Sandalwood Guide for Farmers - Forest Products Commission - April 2007
  5. ^ Catalog of Life
  6. ^ FloraBase

General references[edit]

External links[edit]

Data related to Acacia acuminata at Wikispecies