Acacia estrophiolata, commonly known as the Ironwood or Southern Ironwood, is a tree native to Central Australia.
It is a graceful, pendulous shade tree, which grows from about 4-16 m tall and has a trunk with a diameter of up to about 0.45 m. Young plants are spiky leaved. It has pale yellow flowers after winter rains.
It is usually found in areas with about 220-350 mm/year of average rainfall.
Traditionally, Australian Aborigines would use the gum from the tree as a sweet bushtucker treat. Its name in the Arrernte language of Central Australia is Ngkwarle athenge arlperle. It is still sometimes eaten today.
The gum is snapped off the branches, either clear or red. It is then be ground and mixed with a little water, then left to set again to a chewable gum, and eaten with a small stick.
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