Acacia estrophiolata

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Southern Ironwood
Acacia estrophiolata habit.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Acacia
Species: A. estrophiolata
Binomial name
Acacia estrophiolata
F.Muell.

Acacia estrophiolata, commonly known as the Ironwood or Southern Ironwood, is a tree native to Central Australia.

It is a graceful, pendulous shade tree, which grows from about 4-16 m tall[1] and has a trunk with a diameter of up to about 0.45 m.[2] Young plants are spiky leaved. It has pale yellow flowers after winter rains.

It is usually found in areas with about 220-350 mm/year of average rainfall.[2]

Uses[edit]

Food[edit]

Traditionally, Australian Aborigines would use the gum from the tree as a sweet bushtucker treat. Its name in the Arrernte language of Central Australia is Ngkwarle athenge arlperle. It is still sometimes eaten today.

Acacia estrophiolata Bark

The gum is snapped off the branches, either clear or red. It is then be ground and mixed with a little water, then left to set again to a chewable gum, and eaten with a small stick.

Forage[edit]

The tree makes good forage for livestock.[2] The seeds are edible and are 28.9% protein.[3]

Acacia estrophiolata Foliage

Traditional medicine[edit]

Parts of the tree are used topically to treat skin problems such as burns, cuts, scabies, sores and it is also used for treating major wounds. It is used as a lotion to treat eye problems.[4]

Wood[edit]

The wood is very hard and it is good for making posts for fences.[2] It is used by indigenous Australians to make spears and arrows.[5]

References[edit]

External links[edit]