Vachellia nilotica subsp. nilotica

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Vachellia nilotica subsp. nilotica
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Vachellia
Species: V. nilotica
Subspecies: V. n. subsp. nilotica
Trinomial name
Vachellia nilotica subsp. nilotica
(L.) P.J.H.Hurter & Mabb.[1]
Synonyms[2]
  • Acacia nilotica subsp. nilotica (L.) Delile
  • Acacia vera Willd.

Vachellia nilotica subsp. nilotica is a perennial tree native to Africa. It has also been introduced to the Indian Ocean area and to the Middle East.[2]

Uses[edit]

Fodder[edit]

The leaves contain 14-20% protein.[3]

Food[edit]

The young seed pods and young foliage are edible. The raw or dried seeds are eaten when food is scarce.[3]

Medicine[edit]

The bark is used to treat cough by the African Zulu.[3]

Tannin[edit]

The seed pods of V. nilotica subsp. nilotica have a tannin content of about 25-33.8%. The pods without seeds have a tannin content of about 50%.[4]

Wood[edit]

The sapwood produces 4500kcal/kg when burned as firewood.[3] The tree's heartwood has a density of about 0.80 g/cm³.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kyalangalilwa B, Boatwright JS, Daru BH, Maurin O, van der Bank M. (2013). "Phylogenetic position and revised classification of Acacia s.l. (Fabaceae: Mimosoideae) in Africa, including new combinations in Vachellia and Senegalia.". Bot J Linn Soc 172 (4): 500–523. doi:10.1111/boj.12047. 
  2. ^ a b ILDIS LegumeWeb
  3. ^ a b c d World AgroForestry
  4. ^ a b FAO