Senegalia polyacantha subsp. campylacantha

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Senegalia polyacantha subsp. campylacantha
Acacia polyacantha, habitus, Walter Sisulu NBT.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Senegalia
Species: S. polyacantha
Subspecies: S. p. subsp. campylacantha
Trinomial name
Senegalia polyacantha subsp. campylacantha
(Hochst. ex. A.Rich.) Kyal. & Boatwr.
Acacia-polyacantha-subsp.-campylacantha.png
Range of S. p. subsp. campylacantha
Synonyms[1]
  • Acacia caffra var. campylacantha (A.Rich.) Aubrev.
  • Acacia campylacantha A.Rich.
  • Acacia catechu subsp. suma (Roxb.) Roberty
  • Acacia polyacantha subsp. campylacantha (Hochst. ex. A.Rich.) Brenan

Senegalia polyacantha subsp. campylacantha is a perennial tree native to Africa. Common names for it are Whitethorn and Witdoring.[2] It is not listed as being a threatened species. Its uses include wood and medicine.[1]

Uses[edit]

Repellent uses[edit]

The root emits chemical compounds that repel animals including crocodiles, snakes and rats.[3][4]

Medicinal purposes[edit]

S. polycantha's root extract is useful for snakebites and is applied to wash the skin of children who are agitated at night time.[3]

Wood[edit]

The tree is good for using as firewood, but its thorns complicate its use.[4] The tree's heartwood has a density of about 705 kg/m³.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b ILDIS LegumeWeb
  2. ^ USDA Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)
  3. ^ a b "Acacia polyacantha". www.plantzafrica.com. Retrieved 2009-01-14. 
  4. ^ a b "Species Information". www.worldagroforestrycentre.org. Retrieved 2009-01-14. 
  5. ^ FAO