Académie Julian

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The Académie Julian (French pronunciation: ​[akademi ʒyljɑ̃]) was an art school in Paris, France.

History[edit]

The Studio by Académie Julian student Marie Bashkirtseff.

Rodolphe Julian established the Académie Julian in 1868 at the Passage des Panoramas, as a private studio school for art students.[1] The Académie Julian not only prepared students to the exams at the prestigious École des Beaux-Arts, but offered independent training in arts. At that time, women were not allowed to enroll for study to the École des Beaux-Arts, but the new Académie Julian accepted them, providing an alternative education and training. Men and women were trained separately, and women participated in the same studies as men, including the basis of art training – drawing and painting of nude models.[2]

Like its counterpart, the Académie Colarossi, it was popular with French as well as foreign students from all over the world, particularly Americans.[3] Eventually, Académie Julian students were granted the right to compete for the Prix de Rome, a prize awarded to promising young artists.[4]

The longstanding success of the Academie was secured by the famous and respected artists whom Rodolfo Julian employed as instructors: Adolphe William Bouguereau (1825–1905), Henri Royer, Jean-Paul Laurens, Edgar Chahine, Gabriel Ferrier, Tony Robert-Fleury, Jules Lefebvre and other leading artists of that time, mainly exponents of the academic style.

Over time, Académie Julian opened schools in other locations. In addition to the original school at Passage des Panoramas, studios were at no.28 Boulevard St-Jacques in the 6th arrondissement of Paris, no.5 Rue de Berri in the 8th arrondissement, no. 31 Rue du Dragon in the 6th arrondissement, no. 51, rue Vivienne in the 2nd arrondissement accepting female student artists as of 1880.

In 1888–1889, Les Nabis originated as a rebellious group of young student artists who banded together at the Académie Julian.[1]

Académie Julian integrated with ESAG Penninghen in 1968.

Notable professors[edit]

See also Category:Faculty of the Académie Julian

Notable students[edit]

See also Category:Alumni of the Académie Julian

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Tate Gallery, "Académie Julian."
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Farmer, J. David. "Overcoming All Obstacles: The Women of the Académie Julian," California Art Club. April/May, 2000.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Russell, John. "An Art School That Also Taught Life," New York Times. 19 March 1989.
  4. ^ a b c d e Chilvers, Ian, ed. (2004). "Académie," Oxford Dictionary of Art, p. 5–6., p. 5, at Google Books
  5. ^ "The Mother". sriaurobindoashram.org. 2013. Retrieved 11 March 2013. 
  6. ^ Gosling, Lucinda (2008). Brushes & Bayonets: Cartoons, Sketches & Paintings of World War I. Oxford: Osprey Publishing. p. 200. ISBN 978-1-84603-095-6. 
  7. ^ Reid, Dennis R. (1988). A Concise History of Canadian Painting, p. 139.
  8. ^ Ganz, Cheryl R. (2001). Women Building Chicago 1790-1990. Indiana University Press. p. 75. 
  9. ^ Montiège, Samuel.(2011).""Papyrus, Université de Montréal"
  10. ^ http://www.societyillustrators.org/Awards-and-Competitions/Distinguished-Educator/Current-Honorees/Frank-Vincent-DuMond.aspx
  11. ^ Reid, p. 243.
  12. ^ Kerr's Artist Biography on the Tate website
  13. ^ "Shanu Lahiri dead". The Telegraph (Calcutta). Retrieved March 15, 2013. 
  14. ^ Cloutier, Nicole. "Morrice, James Wilson," Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online
  15. ^ Nickerson, Dorothy. (1940). History of the Munsell Color System and its Scientific Application, p. 575.
  16. ^ Holden, Robert. (1988). "Power, Harold Septimus (1877–1951)," Australian Dictionary of Biography Online
  17. ^ Mathews, Nancy Mowll (1993). Charles Prendergast. Williamstown, MA.: Williams College Museum of Art. p. 10. ISBN 0-913697-16-8. 
  18. ^ Lake, Carlton and Linda Ashton. (1991). Henri-Pierre Roché: an Introduction, p. 190.
  19. ^ Archivo de Arte y Cultura Julio de 2006 – Luto por Rodríguez Naranjo
  20. ^ Smith, Roberta. "Beatrice Wood, 105, Potter And Mama of Dada, Is Dead," New York Times. 14 March 1998.

References[edit]

Coordinates: 48°52′16″N 2°20′30″E / 48.87111°N 2.34167°E / 48.87111; 2.34167